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Criminal Justice Resources :

Children and Crime

This web page includes web links to resources related to missing children, exploited children, kidnapping, and related issues. There is a separate web page for Juvenile Justice.

Children's Rights entry from Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, vol. 2, 2002
In addition to a general overview, this entry contains information about Protection Of Children, Childcare, Child Labor, Kidnapping And Abduction, Forms Of Child Abuse, Criminalizing Child Abuse, Child Abuse As A Defense In The Courtroom, Child Protective Services, Child Sexual Abuse And The Catholic Church, Children's Defense Fund, Cardinal Bernard Law, Child Support, and Lesser Rights.

Amber Alert
Americaís Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response
Learn the history of the so-called Amber Alert system for locating missing children with this online backgrounder from the Center for Missing & Exploited Children. Includes information on how it works, and pointers on getting the program implemented in your own city. Source: USA Today Hot Site, August 21, 2002.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Catholic Bishops Reports on Child Sex Abuse
In late February, 2004, the United States Conference of Bishops released two reports on the sexual abuse of minors by Catholic priests and deacons. This site contains links to both reports as well as press releases and videos of the press conference. A Report on the Crisis in the Catholic Church in the United States was prepared by the National Review Board for the Protection of Children and Young People. The Nature and Scope of the Problem of Sexual Abuse of Minors by Catholic Priests and Deacons in the United States is a research study conducted by John Jay College, which also hosts the study report.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Child Abuse and Maltreatment
NIJís topic Web page on Child Abuse and Maltreatment summarizes the available research about this crime, which is estimated to affect approximately 12 per 1,000 children. Recent research suggests that the rate of family violence has fallen, consistent with overall crime trends, possibly due to greater response and more help for victims. Some researchers assert, however, that national estimates undercount child abuse because many cases are not reported to State or local child protective service agencies and many cases cannot be substantiated. Researchers have established that the consequences of child abuse include developmental impairment, long-term behavioral effects, and increased risk of revictimization or arrest. NIJ researchers are focusing on the co-occurrence of child abuse and intimate partner violence and whether children who are physically and sexually abused often turn toward criminal activity as adults.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Child Abuse and Maltreatment Topical Collection from NIJ
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Child Quest International
A non-profit corporation devoted to the protection and recovery of missing, abused, and exploited children.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Child Welfare Information Gateway
Formerly the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information and the National Adoption Information Clearinghouse, Child Welfare Information Gateway provides access to information and resources to help protect children and strengthen families. A service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Children at Clandestine Methamphetamine Labs: Helping Methís Youngest Victims
Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), June 2003. This bulletin describes the health and safety risks faced by children who live at or visit clandestine methamphetamine labs. Measures are suggested to respond to children's mental and physical health issues when law enforcement officers seize meth labs. The experiences of several states that use multidisciplinary teams are offered as examples of promising interventions and the importance of collaboration among federal, state, and local agencies to ensure the care and protection of these children is emphasized. (NCJ 197590)
(Last checked 04/25/13)

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico
Richard J. Estes, University of Pennsylvania, School of Social Work, Sept. 18, 2001, rev 2/20/02. 260pp. Copyright request #1922. The second entry is a news article describing the study.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children : What Do We Know and What Do We Do About It?
The summary reviews research into the organization of the commercial sexual exploitation of children, its effects on victims, and measures to prevent its occurrence.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

ECPAT-USA stands for "End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes-USA." It is the U.S. affiliate of Thailand-based ECPAT International, fighting to stop this growing form of child abuse. ECPAT-International was started in Asia and in 1991, ECPAT-USA got its start as the US support group for the international campaign. The web site features various resources.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

A Family Resource Guide on International Parental Kidnapping
Presents practical and detailed advice about preventing international kidnapping and increasing the chance that children who are kidnapped or wrongfully retained will be returned. This OJJDP Report offers descriptions and realistic assessments of available civil and criminal remedies, explains applicable laws, identifies public and private resources, and identifies strategies to help left-behind parents recover their children or reestablish meaningful contact with them in another country. It covers important developments in policy and practice since the publication of the first edition in February 2002. The guide also includes a list of recommended readings; a directory of related resources, including Web sites; a Hague Convention application, with instructions; a checklist for parents involved in non-Hague cases; and an index. NCJ 215476. Fox Valley Technical College, January 2007, 164pp.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Federal Resources on Missing and Exploited Children:
A Directory For Law Enforcement and Other Public and Private Agencies
Developed by the Federal Agency Task Force for Missing and Exploited Children, the directory, currently in its fifth edition, describes federal services, programs, publications, and training sessions that address child sexual exploitation issues, child pornography, child abduction, Internet crime, and missing children cases. 5th edition, May 2007.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Governor's Task Force on Children's Justice
In December 1991, Governor John Engler appointed the Governor's Task Force on Children's Justice (task force) with Honorable Elizabeth A. Weaver, then of the Michigan Court of Appeals, as Chairperson. This task force reviews and evaluates Michigan's investigative, administrative and both civil and criminal judicial handling of cases of child abuse and neglect, particularly child sexual abuse and exploitation, as well as cases involving suspected child maltreatment related fatalities and cases involving a potential combination of jurisdictions, such as interstate, Federal-State, and State-Tribal.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Halloween Sadism : The Evidence
Joel Best, University of Delaware. The practice of giving contaminated treats to children during trick-or-treating has been termed Halloween sadism.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Human Trafficking of Children in the United States
This fact sheet describes the nature and extent of such trafficking and how it affects our schools. Information and resources related to identifying victims of human trafficking are also provided.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

International Parent Child Abduction
Background information from the U.S. Department of State.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Internet Crimes Against Children
This Bulletin is based on the experiences of professionals now working with child victims of Internet crimes and their families. It highlights some of the challenges law enforcement and victim service professionals face in addressing Internet crimes against children and focuses attention on child victims of these crimes by examining who they are and how best to respond to their needs and the needs of their families. NCJ184931. OVC Bulletin. Feb. 2001.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Internet Sex Crimes Against Minors: The Response of Law Enforcement
Investigating and prosecuting Internet sex crimes against children is challenging, but these cases "are not posing insurmountable difficulties for law enforcement," according to a recent report by the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, Crimes Against Children Research Center, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention of the Department of Justice. 2003.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Kidnapping of Juveniles: Patterns from NIBRS
This report from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Protection (OJJDP) "describes the offense of kidnaping of juveniles." Among other significant findings, the analysis reveals that the majority are perpetrated by family members or acquaintances, and the fewest by strangers. The section Implications has a discussion about the distinction between the source data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System and that of earlier studies. Includes a bibliography.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Michigan's Missing Child Information Clearinghouse (MMCIC)
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Missing and Abducted Children
A Law-Enforcement Guide to Case Investigation and Program Management, Second Edition, 5/2000, NCJ 201399. 217pp.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Missing Children
This website serves as an information clearinghouse for a parent advocacy group that provides photographs of and information about missing and abducted children. This web site is created as a resource for parents of missing children as well as lawyers, other non-profits and non-governmental agencies, and the agencies that must deal with child abduction. There are links to almost one hundred non-profit child-find organizations and Non Governmental Organizations (NGO's) throughout the world. There is also information about the Amber Alert system. A link to the European site is also available.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
This web site funded by WalMart provides law enforcement authorities a powerful new tool. More user-friendly than ever, it's also a great resource for ordinary citizens. Source: USA Today, Hot Site, November 21-23, 1997.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction : A Report to Congress
Sexual exploitation of children is a growing national problem because the Internet and other technological advancements have made it easier for predators to produce and distribute pornography. This report outlines goals for better training, coordination and technological capabilities by law enforcement. August 2010
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Online Victimization : A Report on the Nation's Youth
David Finkelhor, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, June 2000, 62pp.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Parental Child Abduction is Child Abuse
Presented by Nancy Faulkner, Ph.D., to the United Nations Convention on Child Rights in Special Session, June 9, 1999, on behalf of P.A.R.E.N.T. and victims of parental child abduction. © Nancy Faulkner 1999.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

Project Safe Childhood
Project Safe Childhood aims to combat the proliferation of technology-facilitated sexual exploitation crimes against children. This new U.S. Department of Justice Web site provides information to community partners that help protect children from online exploitation and abuse. Learn more about the program and access press releases, speeches, publications, and other resources. (OJJDP)
(Last checked 04/25/13)

The Slaughter of Innocence
Also listed under Sex Crimes.
(Last checked 04/25/13)

What About Me? Coping With the Abduction of a Brother or Sister
Written by siblings of abducted children, this guide contains information to help children of all ages when their brother or sister has been kidnapped. Written in child-friendly language, it provides such children with insights into what they might expect to feel following the abduction, related events that may ensue, and steps that they may take to cope with their feelings. NCJ 217714.
(Last checked 04/25/13)


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Criminal Justice Specialist
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Last revised 04/25/13

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