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Criminal Justice Resources :

Crime Web Sites


Note: Web Sites listed here are waiting to be assigned to another category.


  • Age & Crime entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
  • Alcohol & Crime (Behavioral Aspects) entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
  • Alcohol & Crime (The Prohibition Experiment) entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
  • Alcohol & Crime (Treatment and Rehabilitation) entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
  • Almanac of Policy Issues: Criminal Justice
  • Carnegie Mellon University Criminal Justice Papers
  • Cesare Beccaria: Of Crimes and Punishments (Book)
  • The Challenge of Crime in A Free Society: Looking Back, Looking Forward
  • Crime and Corrections in Michigan
  • Crime and Place
  • CrimeSolutions.gov
  • Criminal Justice 2000
  • Criminal Profiling Research : Selected Articles
  • Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods - Does it Lead to Crime?
  • Economic & Social Costs of Crime entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Vol. 2, 2002
  • Federalization of Crime
  • Gathering Storm
  • Global Report on Crime and Justice (UN)
  • How Criminal Recycling Works
  • Injustice Line
  • International Crime Control Strategy
  • Looking at Crime from the Street Level
  • National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)
  • The Neighborhood War Zone
  • Performance Measures for the Criminal Justice System
  • Public Agenda Online Crime Resources
  • Reflections on the Crime Decline: Lessons for the Future?
  • Religion and Crime entry from Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Vol. 2, 2002
  • What Every American Should Know About the Criminal Justice System

    Source Links With Annotations

    Age and Crime entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
    In addition to the short summary, there are additional sections on : Age-crime Patterns For The U.s., Variations In The Age Curve, Variations In Criminal Careers, Effects Of Age Structure On Crime Rates, Conclusion, and A Bibliography of additional resources.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Alcohol and Crime (Behavioral Aspects) entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
    In addition to the short summary, there are additional sections on : Empirical Evidence On Alcohol And Crime, Studies Of Criminal Events, Types Of Offenses, Biases In Studies Of Events, Interpreting Event-based Studies, Studies Of People Who Commit Crimes, Studies Of Populations, Natural Experiments, Interpreting Population-level Studies, Explaining The Association Of Alcohol And Crime, Implications For Alcohol Policy, and A Bibliography of additional resources.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Alcohol and Crime (The Prohibition Experiment) entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
    In addition to the short summary, there are additional sections on : The Temperance Movement, Prohibition, and A Bibliography of additional resources.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Alcohol and Crime (Treatment and Rehabilitation) entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Vol. 1, 2002
    In addition to the short summary, there are additional sections on : Norm Violation, Social Visibility And Formalized Reactions, Alcohol Problems As Double Deviance, The Prominence Of Deviance In Treatment Paradigms, Why Offer Treatment To Criminals With Alcohol Problems?, Conclusion, and A Bibliographyof additional resources.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Almanac of Policy Issues: Criminal Justice
    Comprehensive links and background information on U.S. criminal justice policy, including issues like the death penalty, drug policy, gun control, juvenile justice, and law enforcement.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Carnegie Mellon University
    Heinz School of Public Policy and Management
    Criminal Justice and Drug Policy Research Papers
    54 working papers are currently available for download. Titles include:

  • 2008-1 : "Understanding Inertia: Inherent Limitations on Evaluating "Upstream" Prevention Interventions"
  • 2008-3 : "Optimal Timing of Use vs. Harm Reduction in an SA Model of Drug Epidemics"
  • 2008-5 : "Redemption in the Presence of Widespread Criminal Background Checks"
  • 2008-13 : "Do Data Breach Disclosure Laws Reduce Identity Theft?"
  • 2007-7 : "Gang Violence in the "Balance:" A Triadic Analysis of Rivalries and Allies"
  • 2007-13 : "Factors and Characteristics Associated with Transitions Between Marijuana Use and Non-Use: A time-varying and individual heterogeneous first-order Markov chain model of marijuana use in the United States, 1990-1998"
  • 2007-14 : "Factors and Characteristics Associated with Transitions Between Marijuana Use and Non-Use: A time-varying and individual heterogeneous first-order Markov chain model of marijuana use in the United States, 1990-1998"
  • 2007-19 : "Three Essays on the Modeling of Development"
  • 2007-25 : "Three Essays on the Modeling of Development in Criminology and Psychopathology "
  • 2007-27 : "Forecast Accuracy Measures for Exception Reporting"
  • 2007-32 : "Is Objective Risk All That Matters When It Comes to Drugs?"
  • 2007-34 ; "Implications of Inertia for Assessing Drug Control Policy: Why Upstream Interventions May Not Receive Due Credit"
  • 2006-1 : "Exploring Differences in Estimates of Visists to Emergency Rooms for Injuries from Assaults Using the NCVS and NHAMCS"
  • 2006-3 : "The Need for Dynamic Drug Policy"
  • 2006-4 : "Cost-Benefit Analyses of Investments to Control Illicit Substance Abuse and Addiction"
  • 2006-5 : "Optimizing Counter-Terror Operations: Should One Fight Fire with "Fire" or "Water"?"
  • 2006-7 : "Incentive Stackelberg Strategies for a Dynamic Game on Terrorism"
  • 2006-9 : "Heroin and Methamphetamine Seizures in Victoria, Australia: Purity Changes Associated with the Heroin "Drought""
  • 2006-17 : "Empirical Calibration of Time Series Monitoring Methods"
  • 2005-5 : "High and Low Frequency Oscillations in Drug Epidemics".
  • 2005-6 : "Price and Purity Analysis for Illicit Drug: Data and Conceptual Issues".
  • 2005-7 : "Illicit Drug Markets and Economic Irregularities".
  • 2005-8 : "Long-Run Trends in Incarceration of Drug Offenders in the US".
  • 2005-9 : "Quality Cycles and the Strategic Manipulation of Value".
  • 2005-11 : "Marijuana Markets: Inferences from Reports by the Household Population".
  • 2005-21 : "How studies of the cost-of-illness of substance abuse can be made more useful for policy analysis".
  • 2004-6 : "Framework for Validating Geographic Profiling".
  • 2004-7 : "Leading Indicators and Spatial Interactions: A Crime Forecasting Model for Proactive Police Deployment".
  • 2004-13 "NCOVR Web-Based Data Resources -- Introduction to Data Cubes".
  • 2003-18 : "Estimation of Crime Seasonality: A Cross-Sectional Extension to Time Series Classical Decomposition".
  • 2003-21 : "Application of Tracking Signals to Detect Time Series Pattern Changes in Crime Mapping Systems". Paper was revised January 22, 2004
  • 2003-22 : "Decision Models for Location of Community Corrections Centers". Presented at Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences Fall Annual Conference, Atlanta, GA, October 20, 2003. Revised version under review at Environment and Planning B, March 2004
  • 2002-7 : "An Age-Structured Single-State Initiation Model -- Cycles of Drug Epidemics and Optimal Prevention Programs".
  • 2002-8 : "A Model of Chaotic Drug Markets and Their Control".
  • 2002-9 : "Estimating the Relative Efficiency of Various Forms of Prevention at Different Stages of a Drug Epidemic".
  • 2002-10 : "Cycles of Violence: A Dynamic Control Model"
  • 2002-11 : "Drug Policy: Insights from Mathematical Analysis"
  • 2002-13 : "The Dynamic Character of Drug Problems"
  • 2002-15 : "Counterterror and Counterdrug policies: Comparisons and Contrasts"
  • 2002-23 : "Impact of Police Raids at Nuisance Bars on Illegal Drug Dealing: Estimating Intervention Effects in Varying Risk Settings"
  • 2002-43 : "Site Selection for Location of Community Corrections Centers". Presented at International Community Corrections Association Fall Conference, Boston, MA, November 5, 2003 and American Society of Criminology Fall Conference, Chicago, IL, November 13, 2003. Revised June 6, 2003 and submitted to Justice Quarterly.
  • 2002-46 : "Guns and Youth Violence: An Examination of Crime Guns in One City"
  • 2000-8 : "Assessment of Crime Forecasting Accuracy for Deployment of Police"
  • 2000-10 : "Distinguishing Between Effects of Criminality and Drug Use on Violent Offending"
  • 1999-12 : "Forecasting Crime"
  • 1999-14 : "How Large Should the Strike Zone Be in "Three Strikes and You're Out" Sentencing Laws?"
  • 1998-7 : "What Price Data Tell Us About Drug Markets"
  • 1998-9 : "How Effective is Micro Harm Reduction in Reducing Macro Harm?"
  • 1998-10 : "How Should Low-Level Drug Dealers Be Punished?"
  • 1998-16 : "What Drug Dealers Tell Us About Their Costs of Doing Business"
  • 1997-23 : "Spatio-Temporal Forecasting of Crime: Application of Classical and Neural Network Methods"
  • 1995-13 : "Estimating Elasticities of Demand for Cocaine and Heroin with Data from the Drug Use Forecasting System"
  • 1994-19 : "Life-Course Trajectories of Different Types of Offenders"
  • 1994-24 : "National Crime Mapping System"
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Cesare Beccaria: Of Crimes and Punishments
    Originally published in Italian 1764.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    The Challenge of Crime in A Free Society: Looking Back, Looking Forward
    available on microfiche
    Symposium of the 30th Anniversary of the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice, June 19-21, 1997, Washington, D. May 1998. This report includes the papers and speeches presented at the symposium, summaries of the discussions of the participants, and commentaries from various perspectives. It documents the results of three days of conversation with representatives from the 1967 Commission, along with practitioners and thinkers in criminal justice spanning the last three decades. NCJ170029.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Crime and Corrections in Michigan
    Overview provided in Michigan In Brief, 2002-2003 edition.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Crime and Place:
    Plenary Papers of the 1997 Conference on Criminal Justice and Research Evaluation. July 1998, NCJ 168618. Papers include:

  • Crime and Small-Scale Places: What We Know, What We Can prevent, and What Else We Need to Know by Ralph B. Taylor, Ph.D.
  • Evaluating Community Youth Sanctioning Models: Neighborhood Dimensions and Beyond by Gordon Bazemore, Ph. D.
  • The Manhattan Experiment: Community Prosecution by Barbara Boland
  • The Community Corrections of Place by Todd R. Clear, Ph. D., and Ronald P. Corbett, Jr., Ed. D.
  • Neighborhood Justice at the Midtown Community Court by John Feinblatt, Greg Berman, and Michele Sviridoff
  • The Lessons of Neighborhood-Focused Public Defense by Christopher Stone
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    A central, credible resource to inform practitioners and policymakers about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services. The site includes information on more than 150 justice-related programs and assigns "evidence ratings" -- effective, promising, or no effects -- to indicate whether there is evidence from research that a program achieves its goals. CrimeSolutions.gov provides a searchable online database of evidence-based programs covering a range of justice-related topics, including corrections; courts; crime prevention; substance abuse; juveniles; law enforcement; technology and forensics; and victims. The site is a tool to understand, access and integrate scientific evidence about programs into programmatic and policy decisions.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Criminal Justice 2000
    Volume 1: The Nature of Crime: Continuity and Change
    Volume 2: Boundary Changes in Criminal Justice Organizations
    Volume 3: Policies, Processes, and Decisions of the Criminal Justice System
    Volume 4: Measurement and Analysis of Crime and Justice
    To usher in the new millennium, the National Institute of Justice commissioned more than 30 criminal justice professionals to reflect on criminal justice research accomplishments and analyze current and emerging trends in crime and criminal justice practice in the United States. The result is the four-volume series "Criminal Justice 2000," which examines how research has influenced today's policies and practices and how future policies and practices can build on the current state of knowledge. Topics include criminology, drugs and crime, juvenile justice, immigration and crime, domestic violence, community justice, mental illness and the criminal justice system, community policing, sentencing reform, information technology, fear of crime, and court performance.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Criminal Profiling Research : Selected Articles
    A compilation by Basel University (Switzerland), in English and German.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods:
    Does it Lead to Crime?
    Discussed in this Brief: The link between disorder and crime; specifically, whether manifestations of social and physical disorder, such as public drunkenness, graffiti, and broken windows, lead directly to more serious offenses. The study, part of the long-range Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, assesses the "broken windows" thesis and its implications for crime control policy and practice. Author: Robert J. Sampson and Stephen W. Raudenbush. NIJ Research in Brief. February 2001.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Economic and Social Costs of Crime entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Vol. 2, 2002
    Contents also covers: Growing Interest In The Costs Of Crime, Determining Costs, The High Cost Of Crime, Community Efforts To Avoid Crime Costs, Making Personal Adjustments, Who Crime Affects Most, Crime And Politics, and Costs Affecting The Offender.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Federalization Of Criminal Law
    The next time a federal lawmaker talks tough on crime, don't buy it. A new American Bar Association report says many federal crime laws are passed purely for politics reasons. Even if the law is "misguided, unnecessary, and even harmful."
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    A Gathering Storm : Violent Crime in America
    Although St. Louis and Detroit took first-- and second-place "dishonors" on Morgan Quinto's 13th annual Most Dangerous Cities list this year, crime prevention and law enforcement experts say American cities everywhere -- not just the top 25 -- need to be concerned with a growing trend of increasing violent crime. "For a number of cities across the country, we're seeing a significant increase in violent crime in three major areas: in robberies, in aggravated assaults and in murder," said Chuck Wexler, executive director of the Police Executive Research Forum, a Washington-based law enforcement think tank. 2005 numbers from the FBI showed the "largest single year percent increase in violent crime in 14 years." Nationally, homicide increased by 3.4 percent, robberies (3.9 percent) and aggravated assaults (1.8 percent). In 2005, more than 30,600 people were murdered, robbed and assaulted than in 2004, the report said. [Marie Simonetti Rosen]. Police Executive Research Forum, 2006. Cataloged.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Global Report on Crime and Justice
    The globalization of crime demands a comprehensive overview of the crime and justice field. This report addresses the nature of crime, the operations of national criminal justice systems, and the state of crime prevention from a cross-national perspective. It represents crime trends and operations of criminal justice systems on a comparative basis. Drawing on numerous sources from within the United Nations and beyond, it examines emerging developments in crime and justice around the world. The Report reveals a great diversity of experiences. Special emphasis was placed on comparing both the different ways countries approach crime and on the shared perspectives that exist between countries and regions. The value derived from the data presented in this Report will help establish more fair, efficient, and humane criminal justice systems for offenders and victims of crime. Its publication sets the stage for the urgent task of combating organized crime and other emerging challenges in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice. United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, Centre for International Crime Prevention.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    How Criminal Recycling Works
    What do beer kegs, boat propellers, utility wires and a 200-ton metal bridge have in common? They all have been stolen by a brand of thieves called criminal recyclers. No, they're not recyclers who neglect to flatten their cardboard boxes or to separate their glass from their plastic. They belong to a growing group of lawbreakers who steal recyclable items (primarily metals) that they exchange for cash at a recycling facility. Article by Jennifer Horton appearing in How Stuff Works.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Injustice Line
    A web site devoted to exposing and publicizing injustices.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    International Crime Control Strategy (June 1998)
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Looking at Crime From the Street Level:
    Plenary Papers of the 1999 Conference on Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation; Enhancing Policy and Practice Through Research, Volume 1. 1999, NCJ 178260. Papers include:

  • The Financial Activity of a Modern American Street Gang by Sudhir Venkatesh
  • The Ethnographic Approach to Studying Drug Crime by Richard Curtis
  • A Police Chief's View: A Response by Charles H. Ramsey
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)
    NCJRS is a federally funded resource offering justice and substance abuse information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide. Included on the website are extensive publications on Corrections, Courts, Crime, Crime Prevention, Drugs, the Justice System, Juvenile Justice, Law Enforcement, and Victims.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    The Neighborhood War Zone
    In hard-hit neighborhoods, the violence is much less about drugs and money than about girls, vendettas and trivial social frictions. These are often referred to as "disputes" in police reports and in the media. But such violence is not about anger-management problems. The code of the streets has reached a point in which not responding to a slight can destroy a reputation, while violence is a sure way to enhance it. The quick and the dead are not losing their tempers; they are following shared -- and lethal -- social expectations. Article by David Kennedy, Director, Center for Crime Prevention and Control at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, Washington Post, August 13, 2006; Page B01.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Performance Measures for the Criminal Justice System
    Report by John J. DiIulio, Jr. ... [et al.], 1993.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Reflections on the Crime Decline: Lessons for the Future?
    Crime has been a defining characteristic of modern America. It has claimed many thousands of lives and cost billions of dollars. When crime rates began to rise in the 1960s, the "crime issue" occupied a prominent place in the U.S. national agenda, influencing electoral outcomes and spurring debates about the role of race, culture, morality, personal accountability, judicial discretion, and economic inequality. When crime rates were on the rise, discussions about crime often became ideological and polarized. Everyone agreed there was too much crime, yet there was little agreement about what should be done about it.
    Despite a lack of consensus on how to address crime problems, by the end of the 20th century, crime rates had fallen to their lowest levels in a generation. Violent crime rates, which rose dramatically in the mid-1980s with the introduction of crack cocaine into U.S. inner cities, have declined every year since 1993. Property crime rates fell to half the level of a quarter century ago. Violence in families, specifically assaults between intimate partners, had been declining for several years. The steepest drop in violence occurred among young offenders.
    As the 1990s drew to a close, new questions dominated the public debate on crime, questions unimaginable 10 years earlier: Why had crime rates fallen so precipitously? Why did crime rates drop more sharply in some cities than in others? Many have taken credit for this decline in crime, among them police officials, advocates of increased incarceration, prevention specialists, and community activists. Others have pointed to a relatively strong economy during the 1990s and broad demographic trends. Few of these experts agreed on next steps in the national effort to increase community safety.
    More recently, these debates have intensified as new crime data show that the dramatic decline in violent crime in the nation's largest cities is leveling off, and some cities are posting new and disturbing increases in rates of violence. With the country now in a recession, law enforcement resources redeployed to reflect a national commitment to combat terrorism, and prison populations stabilizing, many of the large-scale social forces that may have contributed to the crime decline are uncertain allies as communities struggle to keep crime rates low.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    Religion and Crime entry from Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Vol. 2, 2002
    Also includes commentary on Shame Penalties, Religion In Prisons, Prison Chaplains, Practicing Religion In Prison, Capital Punishment, Deciding On Capital Crimes, Can Killing Be Morally Right?, Deciding Who Dies, Capital Punishment In Modern America, Execution Methods, and Religion And Criminal Justice In The Twenty-first Century.
    (Last checked 02/08/17)

    What Every American Should Know About the Criminal Justice System
    An article by the National Center on Institutions and Alternatives: Innovation in Justice. Sections include:

  • How to read crime rate statistics
  • Basic facts about the criminal justice system (size, racial disparities, effectiveness)
  • Ideas for reform
  • How expanding the criminal justice sytem makes all Americans less secure
  • Why big government is not the answer
  • Why to treat the media with caution
  • Questions to ask someone who wants your vote
  • How to make the nation safe: solutions for a modern age
    (Last checked 02/08/17)


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    Jon Harrison : Page Editor
    Criminal Justice Specialist
    Social Sciences Collections Coordinator
    Michigan State University Libraries
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    Last revised 02/08/17
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