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Criminal Justice Resources :


A collection of web sites related to general criminal justice history and to specific notorious criminals.

Web Sites

  • 360degrees.org : Perspectives on the American Criminal System Timeline
  • About.Com's Notorious Crimes and Criminals in History
  • Awesome Stories: Famous Trials
  • BBC - Crime - Case Closed
  • Crime Library
  • Criminal Justice History Resources
  • Curious Punishments of Bygone Days
  • Doug Linder's Famous American and World Trials
  • Early American Crime Blog
  • Famous Case Files from the FBI
  • FBI History Page
  • Gallery of Crime
  • History of the Metropolitan Police (London, England)
  • Homicidal Heroes
  • Homicide in Chicago 1870-1930
  • How Prohibition made Detroit a bootlegger's dream town
  • Mark Gribben's Malefactors' Registrar
  • Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674 to 1834
  • Top Ten Moments in FBI History
  • True Spy Stories
  • Virtualology.com Most Wanted Collection

  • Al Capone : The History Files
  • Albert DeSalva: The Boston Strangler
  • Bonnie and Clyde Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
  • Bootlegger's Paradise (Detroit)
  • Charles Manson and the Manson Family
  • Chicago Black Sox Scandal
  • Cleaners and Dyers War (Detroit, MI, 1920)
  • Dave Boreland's Bozo Criminal of the Day
  • Davidian Massacre: Disturbing Questions about Waco
  • Detroit's Infamous Purple Gang
  • Dr. Hawley Crippen
  • Emmett Till Murder
  • Harps, Big and Little: America’s First Known Serial Killers
  • Jack the Ripper Casebook
  • John Dillinger FBI Case File
  • Leo Frank, the Lynching of
  • Lindbergh Case: The Crime of the Century
  • Lindbergh Kidnapping Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
  • Lizzie Borden
  • Lizzie Borden from TruTV Crime Library
  • Martha Stewart Indictment
  • Michigan's Only Pirate?
  • Mississippi Burning
  • Purple Gang's Bloody Legacy (Detroit)
  • Sacco-Vanzetti Case
  • Saint Valentine's Day Massacre Entry from Wikipedia
  • Sam Sheppard Trials
  • Sapiro v. Ford (Time Magazine)
  • Scotland Yard's Jack the Ripper Page
  • Ted Bundy Entry from Criminal Justice
  • Unabomber (Wikipedia)
  • Unabomber Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
  • World Trade Center Bombing (1st) Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008

    Perspectives on the American Criminal System
    Web Documentary Slams Home Reality of Prisons. The title "360degrees" reflects both the structure and theme of this Web documentary, which was designed to offer multiple perspectives on criminal justice. Just as the camera appears to pan around each room, so the commentary also shows every side—criminal, victim, prosecutor, defense attorney, families, scholars, and criminal historians. The idea, say Alison Cornyn and Sue Johnson of Picture Projects, is to inspire dialogue—and to instigate change. Be sure to check out the timeline (601 to present) exploring the creation of prisons as know them today and suggestions for integrating this site into academic curriculums.
    Also listed under Criminal Justice Resources : Corrections
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    About.Com's Notorious Crimes and Criminals in History
    Includes links to web pages related to crime and criminal justice events, such as Lindbergh Kidnapping, Sacco and Vanzetti, Rosenberg Trail, Martin Luther King's Murder, John F. Kennedy's assasination, Sam Sheppard Case, and Jeffrey MacDonald Case.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Al Capone, see Capone

    Albert DeSalva, see Boston Strangler

    Awesome Stories: Famous Trials
    Provides links to the primary source material on stories behind famous trials. Links are provided by the Library of Congress, the Australian National Archives, the British Museum, the BNF in Paris, and hundreds of universities, libraries, historical societies and museums world-wide. Full access requires free registration.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    BBC - Crime - Case Closed
    This site gathers profiles of infamous crimes and criminals and shows how forensic science helped to solve the crimes. Some of the criminals profiled include Jeffrey Dalmer, John Wayne Gacy, Charles Manson, and Son of Sam. Cases from the past include the Great Train Robbery, Watergate, and the Millennium Dome Heist. Still available thanks to the Internet Archive.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Bonnie and Clyde : Bonnie and Clyde Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Bonnie and clyde : Frank R. Ballinger's Bonnie and Clyde's Hideout
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Bootlegger's Paradise, see Detroit

    Borden : A Historical Investigation into the Past: Lizzie Borden/ Fall River Case Study
    Contains "late nineteenth century primary source materials from the Lizzie Borden axe murder trial and from Fall River, Massachusetts." Includes photographs, illustrations, census data, maps, newspaper clippings, Borden family documents (land purchases and sales, wills, credit ratings, a family tree), and transcriptions of Edmund Pearson's Trial of Lizzie Borden (1937) and Edwin H. Porter's The Fall River Tragedy: A History of the Borden Murders (1893). From the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Borden : Lizzie Borden from TruCrime
    Did Lizzie Borden give her mother and father forty whacks?
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Boston Strangler : Albert DeSalva: The Boston Strangler
    Even though nobody has ever officially been on trial as the Boston Strangler, the public believed that Albert DeSalvo, who confessed in detail to each of the eleven "official" Strangler murders, as well as two others, was the murderer. However, at the time that DeSalvo confessed, most people who knew him personally did not believe him capable of the vicious crimes and today there is a persuasive case to be made that DeSalvo wasn't the killer after all. From TruTv Crime Library.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Bundy : Ted Bundy Entry from Criminal Justice
    Notorious serial killer.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Capone : Al Capone: the History Files
    Courtesy of the chicago Historical Society.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Chicago Black Sox Scandal and Trial
    The story of the "eight men out" The second web page is available courtesy of the Chicago Historical Society.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Cleaners and Dyers War, see Detroit

    Crime Library
    Provides hundreds of in-depth stories about the most notorious crimes of all times; worldwide crime news; fascinating reports on the criminal mind, criminal profiling, and forensics; and crime fiction by leading authors.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Criminal Justice History Resources
    Extensive list of resources from Northeastern State University.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Crippen : Dr. Hawley Crippen
    The Crime Library presents the case of Dr. Hawley Crippen from Coldwater, Michigan, one of the most notorious murderers in English history. Or was he? This article doesn't mention the recent episode on PBS featuring the work of Dr. David Foran, whose evidence seems to exonerate Dr. Crippen.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Crippen : Scotland Yard’s Hawley Harvey Crippen Page
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Curious Punishments of Bygone Days
    Alice Morse Earle, 1896, reflects on punishment practices in colonial America.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Davidian Massacre: Disturbing Questions about Waco
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Detroit: Bootlegger's Paradise
    During Prohibition, rumrunners and bootleggers used the frozen river as an easy way to get booze from Canada into the United States. From Detroit liquor went to Chicago (where Capone sold it under his "Log Cabin" label), St. Louis, and points west. It was a well-known fact that if you were bringing a load of hooch across the Detroit River that you had better show up armed to the teeth. Because in the 1920s, Detroit belonged to the Purple Gang, a group of killers and thugs as vicious and bloodthirsty as any racketeer in New York or Chicago. From the Crime Library.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Detroit : Cleaners and Dyers War (Detroit, MI, 1920)
    While the bootleggers and gamblers on the East Coast were grabbing all of the headlines, a little known but very deadly gang war was going on in Detroit that had nothing to do with booze or dice. It was a beef between union and non-union dry cleaners and clothes dyers which, because it involved huge sums of money and required muscle on both sides, attracted organized criminals like roaches to spilled sugar. Source: The Malefactor's Registrar.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Detroit : Detroit's Infamous Purple Gang
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Detroit : The Purple Gang's Bloody Legacy (Detroit)
    In the annals of crime, Detroit’s Purple Gang didn’t have a long ride, but it was colorful enough to inspire books, get them name-checked in an Elvis song (“Jailhouse Rock”) and even prompt a Hollywood movie in 1960 starring actor Robert Blake. The fact that the Gang dominated the flow of liquor in Detroit for most of the 1920s, were judged responsible for some 500 murders by the Detroit police and were largely Jewish has helped hone their mystique some 70-plus years later. Susan Whitall, Detroit News.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Dillinger : John Dillinger FBI Case File
    In many ways, John Dillinger was the most notorious of the Depression-era gangsters, the leader of a ruthless band of gun-slinging bank robbers and crooks who was able to charm the press and American people into believing he was a harmless Robin Hood. Dillinger’s fame and ability to elude the law were reaching disastrous levels when we joined the hunt for him in the winter of 1933/1934. Despite a few stumbles along the way, Bureau agents tracked Dillinger down on July 22 and shot him dead in the streets of Chicago as he reached for his gun. The successful investigation catapulted the largely-unknown agency to worldwide fame and was the beginning of the end of the lawless gangster years.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Dr. Hawley Crippen, see Crippen

    Early American Crime Blog
    An exploration of the social and cultural history of crime and punishment in colonial America and the early United States by Anthony Vaver.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Emmett Till, see Till

    Famous American and World Trials
    Prof. Doug Linder of the University of Missouri-Kansas City Law School has put together information about famous trials in history from the trial of Socrates in 399 B.C. to the Moussaoui (9/11) Trial in 2006. Also included are the Nuremburg Trials, the trial of Charles Manson, the McMartin Preschool Trial, and the trial of LAPD Officers for the beating of Rodney King. Linder has included exerpts from transcripts, background information on the individuals involved and supplementary materials.
    Also listed under Law : Reference Works and Directories, Selected Court Cases.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Famous Case Files from the FBI
    Since its founding in 1908, the FBI has been involved in many famous cases. Inasmuch as inquiries often are received about them, the Office of Public and Congressional Affairs (OPCA) has prepared monographs on some of the most frequently requested, closed investigations. The monographs should be considered to be overviews rather than exhaustive treatments. Although additional details on these cases or copies of photographs and illustrations are not available from OPCA, further information on them may be found in libraries.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    FBI History Page
    On July 26, 2008, the FBI celebrated its 100th anniversary as an intelligence agency and national security organization and a century of service to the American people. Please explore these pages to learn how a small group of 34 investigators has grown into a cadre of more than 30,000 employees, evolving right along with the changing threats facing our nation. And see our special "FBI 100" series for interesting features and videos on our past. Also check out The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Frank : Leo Frank, the Lynching of
    It was the first sensational trial of the 20th century. In 1913, Leo Frank, the Brooklyn-reared, Cornell-educated, Jewish superintendent of the National Pencil Factory in Atlanta, was arrested for the brutal murder of a 13-year-old factory girl named Mary Phagan. After an investigation in which key evidence tended to be more overlooked than carefully culled, Frank, 29, was convicted with the help of the Jim Crow-era prosecution's highly unusual star witness: a black man. Over the next two years, as Frank's lawyers appealed to the Supreme Court, tensions surrounding the case only grew. A local passion against "outsiders," inflamed by the writings of Georgia-based populist firebrand Tom Watson, was inadvertently fanned by a group of northern newspapermen who tried to convince the nation of Frank's innocence. At the last minute, the governor commuted his death sentence to life imprisonment. But less than three months later, the most famous inmate of the day was kidnapped from the state penitentiary and hanged from an oak tree in Marietta, Ga., not far from Phagan's grave. The events led to the formation of the Anti-Defamation League -- and the rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan. Note: the only Jew lynched in U.S. history? Web page courtesy of the Crime Library.
    More on the Leo Frank Case from the New Georgia Encylopedia.
    Crime Magazine entry
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Frank R. Ballinger's Bonnie and Clyde's Hideout, see Bonnie and Clyde

    Gallery of Crime
    As lawmakers continue to maintain that violent video games make for violent children, it's sobering to sample the ultra-violent (yet strangely appealing) crime comic books many of them grew up with. An impressive collection crime comic covers from the 1940s and 1950s created by Richard Wolfe.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    The Harps, Big and Little: America’s First Known Serial Killers
    During the Revolutionary War, two cousins became the first known serial killers in American history. The Harp cousins killed anything that got in their path, including their own children. Source : Crime Magazine : An encyclopedia of crime.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    A Historical Investigation into the Past: Lizzie Borden/ Fall River Case Study, see Borden

    History of the Metropolitan Police (London, England)
    The Metropolitan Police Service is famed around the world and has a unique place in the history of policing. It is by far the largest of the police services that operate in greater London (the others include the City of London Police and the British Transport Police). The Royal Parks Constabulary have now become part of the Metropolitan Police Service. Founded by Sir Robert Peel in 1829, the original establishment of 1,000 officers policed a seven-mile radius from Charing Cross and a population of less than 2 million. Today, the Metropolitan Police Service employs more than 33,000 officers together with about 14,200 police staff, 270 traffic wardens and 4,700 Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs). The MPS is also being supported by more than 2,500 volunteer police officers in the Metropolitan Special Constabulary (MSC) and its Employer Supported Policing (ESP) programme. The Metropolitan Police Services covers an area of 620 square miles and a population of 7.2 million. Check out the timeline, history, famous cases, supplmental materials.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Homicidal Heroes

    The name is misleading. This page provides links to details of some of the worst murders in history courtesy of the A-Z Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. Includes: Joe Ball, Fritz Haarman, Andrei Chikatito, Albert DeSalvo, Jack The Ripper, Carl Panzram, The Moors Murderers, Dennis Nilsen, Albert Fish, Gary Heidnik, Edmund Kemper, Edward Gein, Harrison Graham, Clinton Bankston, Howard Arther Allen, Richard Ramirez, Joseph Vacher, Harvey Murray Glatman, Jane Toppan, Aileen Wuornos, Henry Heepe, Alton Coleman, John Norman Collins, Michael Ross, Herman Drenth, Jerome Henry Brudos, Wayne Boden, Frank Davis, Juan Corona, and Earle Leonard Nelson. Web page courtesy of Mark Thompson.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Homicide in Chicago 1870-1930
    This rich site provides primary source access to a database with information on 11,000 homicides maintained by the Chicago Police Dept. Users can search the database by name, type of crime, date, etc. or browse descriptions of 25 of the more sensational homicides in Chicago, complete with links to newspaper articles, photographs, and court records. Courtesy of Leigh Bienen, Northwestern University School of Law.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    How Prohibition made Detroit a bootlegger's dream town
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Jack the Ripper : Casebook: Jack the Ripper
    An extensive collection of information on the infamous Jack the Ripper cases can be found at this searchable site, including victim, suspect, and police biographies; contemporary documents and news reports; scanned copies of the Ripper's letters; background on the Victorian era; a timeline; a witness chart; and much more.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Scotland Yard's Jack the Ripper Page
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    John Dillinger, see Dillinger

    Lindbergh Case: The Trial of the Century
    This site describes a sensational American crime, the kidnapping of Charles Lindbergh's baby in 1932 and the subsequent trial of Bruno Hauptmann, the accused kidnapper. Presented by the Hunterdon County Democrat, a weekly New Jersey newspaper, the site draws material from the Democrat's own 1935 trial coverage, as well as a wide range of police, legal and other sources. Includes links to historical, aviation and crime sites of interest. Content is well organized.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Lindbergh Kidnapping Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Lizzie Borden, see Borden

    Malefactors' Registrar
    Also known as Mark Gribben's Malefactors' Registrar
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Manson : Charles Manson and the Manson Family
    Contains biographical information on the cult leader, an overview of the 1969 California "Helter Skelter" murders and profiles of the victims, information on the subsequent investigation and trial, updates on members of "the family" (including Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, "convicted of attempting to assassinate President Gerald L. Ford in 1975"), and bibliography. From The Crime Library.
    Also listed under Serial or Mass Murder.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Martha Stewart, see Stewart

    Michigan's Only Pirate
    Aargh! "Roaring" Dan Seavey -- Michigan's only pirate -- was a poor substitute for Captain Jack of the Pirates of the Caribbean movie series.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Mississippi Burning
    By the early 1960s the civil rights movement was starting to make headway in America, but the backlash from the KKK and others was growing. When three young men who had volunteered to help register African-American voters in Mississippi disappeared suddenly on June 21, 1964, President Johnson called on the FBI to investigate, and we did so rigorously. Within a short time, we found the young men’s burnt-out station wagon (thus the famous case name “MIBURN”), located their bodies, and gathered important evidence that led to indictments. Although it took a long time (decades, tragically) to secure a measure of justice in the courtroom, national outrage over the crime helped spur passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Together with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, these laws—for the first time—put real teeth into the FBI’s ability to defend the rights and freedoms of all Americans. We’ve used them to great effect ever since.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674 to 1834
    A fully searchable online edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing accounts of over 100,000 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Purple Gang, see Detroit

    Sacco-Vanzetti Case
    One of twentieth-century America's most notorious political trial.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Saint Valentine's Day Massacre Entry from Wikipedia
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Sam Sheppard, see Sheppard

    Sapiro v. Ford (Time Magazine)
    Outraged with antisemitic remarks made by Henry Ford in his book The International Jew, Sapiro sued Ford in April 2004. News reports at the time quoted Sapiro as being shocked by the content in particular the section "Jewish Exploitation of the American Farmer's Organizations: Monopoly Traps Operate Under the Guise of Marketing Associations," which attacked the band of Jewish-bankers, lawyers, advertising agencies, fruit farmers, market buyers, and office professionals which, according to Ford, contributed to the domination of Jewish people in the American cooperative marketing system.[6] Many prominent Jewish professionals were cited including Bernard Baruch, Albert Lasker, Eugene Meyer, Otto Kahn and Julius Rosenwald but the chapter was primarily directed at the influence of Sapiro. Sapiro's lawsuit publicly exposed Ford's antisemitism in the federal courts and put the substance of his allegations on national display. As the trial unfolded and combatants of antisemitism in California participated in court proceedings, Ford secretly commissioned the constitutional lawyer and Jewish activist Louis Marshall, to write his apology for his remarks. In doing so, Marshall ended the public controversy and foreclosed further legal action in the case in December 1927. The result of the case is seen historically as an act of repentance and a monumental event in Jewish history in the United States.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Sheppard : Sam Sheppard Trials
    Inspired the Fugitive TV series and movie as well as established a landmark Supreme Court decision.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Stewart : Martha Stewart Indictment
    Martha Stewart was convicted of unloading stock after receiving illegal inside information from a stock broker.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Ted Bundy, see Bundy

    Till : Emmett Till Murder (PBS)
    The brutal killing that mobilized the Civil Rights Movement.
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Top Ten Moments in FBI History
    Over the course of a century—during which we’ve been involved in just about every major event in U.S. history and had countless innovations and famous cases—it’s hard to pick just ten. But here, in chronological order, are our choices for the top ten moments in FBI history…
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    True Spy Stories
    Espionage is said to be the second oldest profession. Like the oldest profession, the basics of espionage really haven't changed much over the past two thousand years. But there are a number of newer developments in the kinds of people involved, what they are after and how they accomplish the dirty deed. Experience is the best teacher, so past cases have been selected and described to illustrate important points. Still available thanks to the Internet Archive. Contents:

  • Ames: Too Many Weaknesses,
  • Cavanagh Wanted to Be Wealthy,
  • Charlton: Disgruntled Engineer,
  • Hamilton Tried to Prevent a War,
  • Lalas: Something Wasn't Right,
  • Lipka: No Statute of Limitations,
  • Pollard: Grandiose Imagination,
  • Ramsay Recruited Drug Users,
  • Walker Was "Intrinsically Evil,
  • American Travelers Abroad,
  • Consulting Led to Espionage,
  • Espionage Killed the Company,
  • Hacking Computers from Overseas,
  • Illegal Export of Poison Gas,
  • Learning from Experience,
  • Notable Industrial Espionage Cases,
  • Voice Mail Is Vulnerable,
  • You Can Make a Difference

  • Source : Texas A&M Research Foundation Facility Security Officer/The Texas A&M University System Facility Security Officer
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Unabomber Entry from Wikipedia
    Theodore John Kaczynski (born May 22, 1942), also known as the Unabomber, is an American mathematician and social critic who carried out a campaign of bombings and mail bombings. Published Industrial Society and Its Future (also called the "Unabomber Manifesto")
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Unabomber Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    Virtualology.com Most Wanted Collection
    An eclectic collection of notorious crime figures, including: Clyde Barrow (depression era gangster), John Wilkes Booth (assasinated President Lincoln), Al Capone (depression era gangster), Mark David Chapman (murdered John Lennon), Leon Czolgosz (assasinated President McKinley), John Dillinger (depression era gangster), Charles Guitueau (assasinated President Garfield), Theodore Kaczynski (Unabomber), Meyer Lansky(Jewish mob financier), Louis Lepke (Jewish mob figure), Lucky Luciano (mob figure), Elliott Ness (depression era lawman), Lee Harvey Oswald (assasinated President Kennedy), Bonnie Parker (depression era robber), James Earl Ray (assasinated Martin Luther King), Jack Ruby (assasinated Lee Harvey Oswald), Bugsy Siegel (mob), Sirhan Sirhan (assasinated Bobby Kennedy), and Johnny Torrio (founder of modern day organized crime in America). Also includes: Marcus Junius Brutus (assasinated Julius Caesar) and Judas Iscariot (betrayed Jesus Christ).
    (Last checked 02/22/13)

    World Trade Center Bombing (1st) Entry from the The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008
    (Last checked 02/22/13)


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    Criminal Justice Specialist
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