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Criminal Justice Resources :

Organized Crime



This compilation of resources focuses on adult gangs, gangsters, the mafia, and international gangs. For more information about youth gangs, look under Gangs.
Definitions of Organized Crime collected by Klaus von Lampe.
Organized Crime excerpt from Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. via Infoplease.
Organized Crime entry from the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Vol. 1, 2002
Includes commentary on Organized crime, Rico, Organized Crime Offenses, Characteristics Of Organized Crime, Early Las Vegas And The Mafia, American Mafia, Motorcycle Gangs, Street Gangs, Crips And Bloods: Black American Gangs In Los Angeles, Hispanic Gangs, Midwest And East Coast Gangs, and Impacts Of Global Organized Crime.
Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Volume 1.
Misha Glenny investigates global crime networks
Journalist Misha Glenny spent several years in a courageous investigation of organized crime networks worldwide, which have grown to an estimated 15% of the global economy. From the Russian mafia, to giant drug cartels, his sources include not just intelligence and law enforcement officials but criminal insiders.
"Transnational organized crime will be one of the major problems facing policy makers in the 21st century. It will be a defining issue of the 21st century as the Cold War was for the 20th century and Colonialism was for the 19th. No area of international affairs will remain untouched as political and economic systems and the social fabric of many countries will deteriorate under the increasing financial power of international organized crime groups." -Louise Shelley, Director of TraCCC.

American Mafia
http://www.onewal.com/
Provides a chronological history of the mafia, divided into the following sections:

  • Section I: Birth of the American Mafia (1282 - 1900)
  • Section II: Pre-Prohibition Consolidation (1900-1919)
  • Section III: Capone & "Joe the Boss"(1920-1931)
  • Section IV: Rebirth, New Opportunities (1932-1949)
  • Section V: Discovery and Decline (1950-1986)
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Asian American Gangs
    http://www.asian-nation.org/gangs.shtml
    In recent years, the issue of Asian gangs and organized crime has gotten a lot of attention from the media and law enforcement authorities. This phenomenon shares many similarities with other ’’gang problems’’ in the Black and Latino communities. However, certain ethnic and cultural aspects come into play with Asian gangs that make their situation and consequences of their actions unique. Courtesy of Asian Nation: the Landscape of Asian America.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Asian Organized Crime and Terrorist Activity in Canada, 1999-2002
    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/AsianOrgCrime_Canada.pdf
    Examines the scope of Asian organized crime and terrorist activity in Canada and the extent of cooperation and possible overlap between criminal and terrorist activity in that country. The analyst examined those Asian organized crime syndicates that direct their criminal activities at the United States via Canada, name crime groups trafficking heroin from Southeast Asia, groups engaging in the trafficking of women, and groups committing financial crimes against U.S. interests. Neil S. Helfand. A report prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. July 2003. 50pp.
    Added to Magic.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Asian Organized Crime in Australia
    http://www.fas.org/irp/world/australia/docs/ncaaoc1.html
    A Discussion Paper by the Australian Parliament, Parliamentary Joint Committee on the National Crime Authority, February 1995.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Asian Transnational Organized Crime and Its Impact on the United States
    http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/pubs-sum/214186.htm
    http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/214186.pdf
    "Asian Transnational Organized Crime and Its Impact on the United States" (NCJ 214186) (40 pp.) reports on study assessments of the impact of Asian transnational organized crime on the United States. The report also discusses high-priority areas for further research and identifies potential collaborative research partners and sources of relevant data and information in Asia.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    An Assessment of Transnational Organized Crime in Central Asia
    http://www.unodc.org/documents/organized-crime/Central_Asia_Crime_Assessment.pdf
    Central Asia is located between Afghanistan, the largest producer of heroin, and the markets of Russia and Western Europe. It is estimated that 65 per cent of opiates cultivated in Afghanistan pass through the borders of this region, making it one of the world's most important drug smuggling routes. The increase in drug trafficking, combined with the presence of religious extremists and the smuggling of firearms and explosives has created the potential for instability in Central Asia. Organized crime networks are involved in trafficking drugs, human beings, firearms and explosives, smuggling precious materials, such as gold and aluminum, and money laundering. UNODC's project aims to collect qualitative and quantitative information on the most prominent organized crime groups operating within the region, the illegal markets in which they operate and the counter-measures adopted by governments in order to better cope with the phenomenon. UNODC, 2007.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Beyond the Mafia: Organized Crime in the Americas.
    Sue Mahan and Katherine O'Neil. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998. Main Library Stacks HV6453.N7 B47 1998
    Abstract: A comparative perspective on nontraditional organized crime in the Americas. Divided into five parts each illustrating a significant concept about organized crime. Included are discussions about the Yakuza and Chinese gangs and their characteristics.

    Books on Organized Crime in the MSU Libraries
    Locations and call numbers
    A listing of over 50 items.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Books on the Mafia in the MSU Libraries
    http://magic.lib.msu.edu/search/d?SEARCH=mafia
    Click on the subject heading mafia to retrieve a list of books available in the MSU Libraries.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Books on Transnational Crime in the MSU Libraries
    Locations and call numbers
    A listing of 28 items.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Changing Face of Organized Crime In New Jersey : A Status Report
    http://www.state.nj.us/sci/pdf/ocreport.pdf
    State of New Jersey Commission of Investigation, May 2004. Contents : Prohibition/Demand Paradox, Organized Crime and Corruption, Narcotics : the Ubiquitous Scourge, Asian Organized Crime, Eurasian Organized Crime, Cuban/Latino Organized Crime, Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs, and La Casa Nostra.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Chicago Crime Commission
    https://www.chicagocrimecommission.org/Default.aspx
    The Chicago Crime Commission stands as one of the oldest and most respected citizen crime commissions in the nation. The Commission is dedicated to eliminating crime with programs that form coalitions with the business community and the public.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Chicago Crime Commission Entry from the Encylopedia of Chicago
    http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/246.html
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Chicago Syndicate Blog
    http://www.thechicagosyndicate.com/
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Chicagoland Gangs
    http://sobs.org/chilocal/gangs/gnghome.html
    "Chicagoland Gangs" originates from a Chicago Crime Commission pamphlet handed out in August 1996 at a community meeting in Chicago's Humbolt Park neighborhood.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Chinese Organized Crime in Western and Eastern Europe
    http://strategicanalysis.wordpress.com/2006/10/26/chinese-organized-crime-in-western-and-eastern-europe/
    Paper delivered by Professor Emil W. Plywaczewski, Ph.D., at the 3rd Annual Symposium "Crime and Its Control in Greater China", June 21-22, 2002, University of Hong Kong, PRC. Summary: Chinese organized crime has become well established in every major Chinese community across the world, Plywaczewski says. Members include community leaders as well as ordinary workers. "It is difficult to penetrate this subculture," Plywaczewski writes, "because members have no prior criminal records.... They can conceal their criminal activities through their involvement in lawful business activities." Plywaczewski provides detailed information on Chinese people-smuggling operations in Austria, Hungary, Poland and other European countries. He notes that Chinese criminal groups operate in isolated "cells," each with a specific duty and unaware of other cells in the criminal operation except the one from which it accepts assignments. In the case of people smuggling, some organizations will, for a higher fee, provide their "customers" with "a guarantee of effectiveness." That is, the smugglers guarantee that they will get their client to a target country no matter how many times they might be stopped by law enforcement.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Chinese Subculture and Criminality: Non-Traditional Crime Groups in America.
    Ko-lin Chin. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990. 189pp. Main Library Stacks HV6439.U5 C47 1990
    A young scholar doing a field study on the subculture of Chinese waiters for a methodology course was led to switch his research interests to Asian criminality after witnessing two deeply disturbing incidents involving Asian gangs. At great risk to himself, he undertook a sociological study of the culture of the Triads, Tongs, and street gangs to explore where, how, and why these groups formed, developed, and transformed, and what roles they play in the political economy of Chinese societies.

    Chinese Transnational Organized Crime: The Fuk Ching
    http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/218463.pdf
    The organizational structure of Chinese organized crime in the United States is quite complex. Broadly defined, there is a great variety of Chinese criminal organizations. These include gangs, secret societies, triads, tongs, Taiwanese organized crime groups, and strictly US-based tongs and gangs. According to Ko-lin Chin, the foremost academic expert in the U.S. on Chinese organized crime, there is no empirical support for the belief that there is a well-organized, monolithic, hierarchical criminal cartel called the "Chinese Mafia." Chin says: "My findings...do not support the notion that a chain of command exists among these various crime groups or that they coordinate with one another routinely in international crimes such as heroin trafficking, money laundering, and the smuggling of aliens" (1996:123). James O. Finckenauer, Ph.D., 2000.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Criminal Intelligence Service Canada
    http://www.cisc.gc.ca/
    The law enforcement organization that unites Canadian Police agencies in the fight against organized crime. The agency publishes an Annual Report on Organized Crime in Canada which is available at this site.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Criminality in Labor Unions
    Campus access
    Off-Campus Access for MSU Students : Type in title in quick search box.
    Efforts to clean up corruption-tainted unions and to expel criminal elements from their ranks have been given new urgency by the New York waterfront scandals. While criminal penetration of A.F.L. and C.I.O. affiliates is certainly not extensive, a series of disclosures during recent years has created mounting alarm among the top leaders of organized labor. Limited reforms after earlier investigations, and occasional convictions of labor racketeers, seem to have had no lasting effects. It is now recognized that, unless radical remedies are applied wherever corruption is found, serious and possibly permanent injury will be suffered by the whole labor movement. Article includes Multiple Exploitation by Racketering Unions, Labor Racketeering and the Law, and Self-Policing by Labor Organizations. H.B. Shaffer, Editorial Research Reports via CQ Researcher Archive, March 4, 1953.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Drive on Organized Crime
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    The current federal drive against organized crime constitutes the best-armed attack yet mounted in the long history of government men versus racketeers and gangsters. Even without the additional weapons that would become available to it under two anti-crime bills in Congress, the drive has chalked up a highly successful year and is expected to do even better in the months ahead. Activities of the Organized Crime and Racketeering Section of the Justice Department accounted for the indictment during 1969 of more than 1,000 persons and the conviction of nearly 400. “Our indictments against organized criminals were 30 per cent over the year before,” Attorney General John N. Mitchell said on Feb. 10, “and most of our strike forces are just getting started.” Report covers Mounting Attack on Criminal Network, Evolution and Scope of Organized Crime, and Obstacles to Drive Against Racketeering. H. B. Shaffer, Editorial Research Reports via CQ Researcher Archive, March 11, 1970.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Ecosystem for Organized Crime
    http://www.heuni.fi/uploads/2rreolo2h.pdf
    Marcus Felon. Helsinki : The European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations, 2006.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Edge : Organized Crime, Business, and Labor Unions
    http://catalog.lib.msu.edu/record=b7518336~S39a
    Appendix : http://catalog.lib.msu.edu/record=b9315435~S39a
    Report to the President and the Attorney General. President's Commission on Organized Crime. 1986
    Web site of reform-minded Laborers of the Laborers International Union of North America, (LIUNA), who have compiled hard-to-find documents regarding the relationship of Arthur Coia, Bill Clinton, LIUNA, campaign fund-raising, the Mafia, LCN, corrupt Laborers officials, labor racketeering and the U.S. Justice Department. Available to the MSU community from the HathiTrust.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Edge : Organized Crime, Business, and Labor Unions
    Print Copy
    Report to the President and the Attorney General. President's Commission on Organized Crime. 1986
    Main Library Government Documents (U.S.) Pr 40.8:C 86/Ed 3
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Effective Methods to Combat Transnational Organized Crime in Criminal Justice Processes
    http://www.unafei.or.jp/english/pdf/PDF_rms/no58/58-05.pdf
    Bruce G. Ohr.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    El Salvador: Activities of the 18th Street/Dieciocho gang
    http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3f7d4e1c15.html
    El Salvador: Activities of the 18th Street/Dieciocho gang; gang recruitment; treatment of people who refuse to join the gang , 22 November 2002. Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. November 22, 2002.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    FBI's Organized Crime Page
    http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/orgcrime/ocshome.htm
    Organized crime, in the U.S. and around the world, is a critical concern of the law enforcement community. The cooperation among these organized criminal enterprises in recent years has allowed them to greatly increase the scope and magnitude of their illicit activities. Our world has seen widespread and unprecedented political, economic, social, and technological changes in the last two decades. Organized criminal enterprises have been quick to take advantage of the opportunities created by these changes to satisfy their greed and lust for power.
    The cost to communities and individuals, in terms of pain and suffering caused by the violence and exploitation associated with these organizations, is incalculable. Also the damage to society resulting from these criminal organizations and their influence on labor unions, political institutions, financial markets, and major industries is immeasurable. In fact, a look at the economic impact alone gives a glimpse of the importance of this issue. The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Global Organized Crime Project, Financial Crimes Task Force estimates global organized crime reaps profits of close to $1 trillion per year.
    The FBI's fight against organized crime is unlike other criminal programs. Instead of focusing on these crimes as individual events, the FBI's Organized Crime Program targets the entire organization responsible for a variety of criminal activities. The FBI has found that even if key individuals in an organization are removed, the depth and financial strength of the organization often allows the enterprise to continue.
    For further information, choose:

  • La Cosa Nostra Italian Organized Crime/Labor Racketeering Unit
  • Eurasian Organized Crime Unit
  • Asian/African Criminal Enterprise Unit
  • Case Summaries
  • Statutes
  • Glossary of Terms
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Federal Government and Organized Crime
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    Off-Campus Access for MSU Students : Type in title in quick search box.
    Passage at the last session of Congress of a series of measures increasing the categories of federal crimes and closing legal loopholes opened a new era in the relations between the federal government and the states with respect to law enforcement. The resort by criminals to speedy methods of transportation and communication has made it increasingly difficult for local and state police officials, with limited territorial jurisdiction, to cope with the crime problem. The federal government, following its successful prosecution of kidnapers under the so-called Lindbergh law, found public opinion favorable to an extension of its jurisdiction to other classes of crimes with which state and local officials seemed powerless to deal. Article includes sections on : New Federal Effort for Suppression on Crime, Anti-Crime Activities of the Federal Government, Moley Report on Changes in Federal Crime Laws, Anti-Crime Statutes of the 73rd Congress, Life and Property Loss Through Crime. Editorial Research Reports via CQ Researcher Archive, August 10, 1934.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Financial Scandals
    http://www.ex.ac.uk/~RDavies/arian/scandals/
    Roy Davies, a librarian at University of Exeter, United Kingdom, has put together an impressive collection of links relating to financial scandals. The links are divided into Classic Financial Scandals, Political Corruption, Organized Crime (Mafia and Yakuza), Money Laundering, and Regulatory Organizations. Recent scandals such as BCCI, Barings, Sumitomo and Bre-X are covered.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Freedom, Legality and Rights in Europe (FLARE)
    http://flarenetwork.org/
    A network of civil society organisations for the social struggle against mafias and transnational organised crime founded in June 2008 at the European Parliament in Brussels and composed of 38 associations and NGOs from 24 countries: Austria, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Kosovo, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine. They are active in fields such as youth promotion, fight against women and child sexual exploitation, environmental protection, human rights defence, fight against corruption, support to migrants and refugees.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    GangRule
    http://www.gangrule.com/
    Soprano. Gotti. Corleone. Those are a few of the more recognizable names linked to organized crime. Whether they're real or fictionalized doesn't seem to matter -- as HBO can attest, America loves a good gangster. Well, count your lucky floating dead bodies, America, because this incredibly rich site offers a historical look at the emergence of organized crime since 1890, focusing primarily on gangs of the early 20th-century. The database overflows with information on organized-crime families and notable gang-related historic events. The gallery, however, contains the majority of the content, including a fascinating collection of photos and mugshots of famous gangsters. Delve further into the site and you'll find flow charts of mafia families, including an incredibly detailed look at the Gambino Family. Other site highlights include the newspaper clipping archive and a collection of official documents, including the fascinating Senate Testimony of Joseph D. Pistone (aka, Donnie Brasco). Pistone was the FBI Special Agent who infiltrated the La Cosa Nostra for six years, resulting in 200 indictments and over 100 convictions of organized-crime members. It'd be a crime to miss this site. Yahoo Pick, Dec. 6, 2002.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Gangs in Central America
    http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/crs//data/2005/upl-meta-crs-6766/RS22141_2005May10.pdf
    CRS report RS22141 by Clare Rebondo, Congressional Research Service, May 10, 2005.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Gangs in Central America
    http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/RL34112_20080327.pdf
    CRS report RL34112 by Clare Ribando Seelke, Congressional Research Service, March 27, 2008
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Gangsters Inc.
    http://gangstersinc.ning.com/
    Gangsters Incorporated went online on July 12, 2001 and has between 200,000 and 400,000 visitors on a monthly basis. In November of 2010 the site underwent a big change. From a regular website it turned into a social media platform and web community where visitors can read and post about organized crime. The site is run by David Amoruso. You can e-mail him at gangstersinc@hotmail.com
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    George Mason University University
    Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC)
    http://policy-traccc.gmu.edu/
    The Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC) is the first center in the United States devoted to understanding the links among terrorism, transnational crime and corruption, and to teach, research, train and help formulate policy on these critical issues. TraCCC is a research center within the School of Public Policy at George Mason University. Research topics in which TraCCC and is overseas partners are actively engaged include human smuggling and trafficking; nuclear proliferation issues; the links between crime and terrorism; money laundering and other financial crimes; the impact or organized crime and terrorism on legitimate business; and environmental crimes. TraCCC hosts visiting scholars and international leaders on these issues through programs such as Fulbright, IREX and the Open World Leadership Program throughout the year. TraCCC and its overseas partners impact legislation and policy by giving testimony on transnational crime, corruption and terrorism before Congress/Parliament, participating in multidisciplinary legislative working groups, attending congresses held by supranational groups, and advising multilateral governmental and non-governmental organizations.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Hearing on Russian Organized Crime
    http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/1996_hr/h960430f.htm
    April 30, 1996. Saved by FAS.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Hoffa and the Mob
    http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/famous/jimmy_hoffa/2.html
    In 1959 Robert F. Kennedy, the brother of John F. Kennedy who would soon be elected president of the United States, appeared on The Jack Paar Show, America’s first late-night television talk show. At the time Bobby Kennedy was chief counsel of the Senate Labor Rackets Committee, better known as the McClellan Committee. Speaking to a national television audience, Kennedy had plenty to say about Jimmy Hoffa and the Teamsters union, and the crusading young attorney was not afraid to name names. Entry from the Crime Library.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    How Narcotics Trafficking Organizations Operate As Businesses : An Annotated Bibliography
    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/Bibliography-Narcotics.pdf
    Identifies articles, dissertations, monographs, reports, and studies by academic and research institutes that either examine narcotics trafficking organizations as businesses or examine the functioning of the illegal-drug trade from an economic perspective. The goal was to reveal vulnerabilities within the business models of these organizations and possible means and methods of interdiction.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    International Crime Threat Assessment
    http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/EOP/NSC/html/documents/pub45270/pub45270index.html
    The rapid spread of international crime since the end of the Cold War is unprecedented in scale, facilitated by globalization and technological advances, and poses a significant challenge to the United States and democratic governments and free market economies around the world. The President has identified international crime as a direct and immediate threat to the national security of the United States. To meet this challenge, the Departments of Justice, State, and Treasury--working closely with numerous federal agencies--jointly developed a comprehensive national strategy to fight international crime and reduce its impact on Americans. The International Crime Control Strategy, which was released in May 1998, provides a dynamic action plan that serves as a roadmap for a coordinated, effective, long-term attack on international crime.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    International Organized Crime
    http://www.cj.msu.edu/~outreach/security/orgcrime.html
    A recent survey of U.S. and foreign police organizations, intelligence agencies, government officials, and corporate security officials targeted organized crime in Eastern Europe. The results strongly suggest rapid growth in Eastern European organized crime which threatens the United States. The survey's most significant findings:

  • International organized crime is becoming more entrepreneurial.
  • Short-term alliances between criminal groups are growing.
  • Crime cartels are focusing on a greater diversity of commodities.
  • Transnational criminal alliances are increasing.
  • Eastern European criminal groups will use violence and change their structures to maximize profits.
    Based on survey background research conducted by David L. Carter, Michigan State University School of Criminal Justice.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    International Terrorism and Crime: Trends and Linkages
    http://web.archive.org/web/20050403173001/
    http://www.jmu.edu/orgs/wrni/it.htm

    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    International terrorism and organized crime both pose serious and evolving challenges to U.S. national security interests. Terrorists and criminals have coordinated for mutual gain, providing physical protection in exchange for monetary gain and other mutual beneficial transactions. The specific dynamics vary from region to region, country to country. Ominously, there is potential for greater cooperation along the criminal-terrorist axis. James H. Anderson, James Madison University.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Internationalization of Russian Organized Crime: Contemporary Issues
    http://web.archive.org/web/20040217051750/
    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    http://www.american.edu/academic.depts/acainst/transcrime/Publications/OCWatch/v1n6_1999.pdf

    Article appearing in Organized Crime Watch (NIS), Vol. 1, no. 6, Dec. 1999, by the Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, American University, Washington, D.C.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Interstate Crime Syndicates
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    Appointment of Robert F. Kennedy as Attorney General in all probability heralds an exceptionally vigorous drive against organized crime. At Senate Judiciary Committee hearings on his nomination, Jan. 13, Sen. John L. McClellan (D Ark.) highly praised Kennedy's service as chief counsel of the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field. Kennedy himself told the committee that he felt “this whole question of organized crime, of gangsters and hoodlums” is “a very serious matter,” He said “We are going to pursue all of those matters to the full vigor of the Department of Justice.” Report focuses on : Efforts to Break Up Crime Syndicates, Federal Powers of Law Enforcement, and Strengthening of Powers to Curb Crime. W. B. Dickinson, Jr., Editorial Research Reports via CQ Researcher Archive, January 18, 1961.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Involvement of Russian Organized Crime Syndicates, Criminal Elements in the Russian Military, and Regional Terrorist Groups in Narcotics Trafficking in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Chechnya
    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/RussianOrgCrime.pdf
    The report describes the current status of narcotics trafficking in four countries of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan), in the three former Soviet republics of the south Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia), and in Chechnya. The purpose is to determine the role of Russian organized crime and Central Asian terrorist organizations in narcotics trafficking in these regions. Glenn E. Curtis. A report prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Oct. 2002. 39pp.
    PDF report project, 12/2005
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Italian Organized Crime : Overview by FBI
    http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/orgcrime/lcnindex.htm
    Since their appearance in the 1800s, the Italian criminal societies known as the Mafia have infiltrated the social and economic fabric of Italy and now impact the world. They are some of the most notorious and widespread of all criminal societies. There are several groups currently active in the U.S.: the Sicilian Mafia; the Camorra or Neapolitan Mafia; the ’Ndrangheta or Calabrian Mafia; and the Sacra Corona Unita or United Sacred Crown.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Jerry Capeci's Gang Land Web Page
    http://www.ganglandnews.com/index.html
    A treasure chest of hundreds of weekly columns and stories about organized crime by a veteran new york crime reporter who has co-authored three books. Contains an archive of his weekly column, This Week in Gang Land, which appears in the New York Daily News, going back to September 16, 1996.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    A Law Enforcement Sourcebook of Asian Crime and Cultures: Tactics and Mindsets.
    Douglas D. Daye. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1997. Main Library Stacks HV6194.A85 D39 1997
    A sourcebook of suggested tactics, strategies, profiles, and explanations to assist police in combating Asian and Asian-American criminal activities, and to help improve a variety of police relationships with the various Asian-American communities.

    The Literature of the American Gangster
    http://www.patterson-smith.com/GangsterArt.htm
    Patterson Smith. AB Bookman Publications, 1986.
    Includes an interesting endorsement of the Ford as an escape care by Clyde Darrow of Bonnie and Clyde fame as well as a review of many books on American gangsters.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Mafia and Organized Crime in General: The Influence of Criminal Organizations in Banking and Finance
    http://www.ex.ac.uk/~RDavies/arian/scandals/mafia.html
    Web links on the Mafia, Yakuza and other criminal organizations and their role in financial scandals around the world collected by Roy Davies.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Mafia Crackdown : Has relentless prosecution fatally weakened the U.S. Mafia?
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    Belonging to the Mafia, America's most powerful organized crime group, seems to grow riskier by the day. Thanks to aggressive prosecutors and high-level turncoats, dozens of mob bigwigs in cities across the country have been convicted and sentenced to long prison terms in recent years. John Gotti of New York, reputedly the top Mafia boss still in power, will face a similar fate if the verdict is guilty in his current trial on murder and racketeering charges. But while some law enforcement officials say the mob has been grievously weakened, others point to its past resilience. If the mob does succumb, other organized crime groups like the Colombian drug cartels, Chinese Triads and even outlaw biker gangs could move into the Mafia's traditional turf. Richard L. Worsnop, CQ Researcher, March 27, 1992.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Mafia in America: Traditional Organized Crime in Transition
    http://www.richardlindberg.net/articles/mob.html
    Significant federal prosecutions in the 1980s and 1990s have crippled the power of the 26 Mafia "families" in the U.S. The "old-time" bosses governing every American city where there has been a Mafia presence since before the turn of the last century are either imprisoned, dead, or in exile as a result of sweeping Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (R.I.C.O.) legislation, and the combined efforts of the eighteen regional "strike forces" established between January 1967 and April 1971 under the auspices of the of the Organized Crime and racketeering Section within the criminal division of the U.S. Justice Department. In 1989, U.S. Attorney General Dick Thornburgh bolstered the U.S. Attorney's organized crime investigative resources by merging the regional strike forces with local.offices. Richard C. Lindberg.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Mafia Leaders from Seize the Night
    http://www.carpenoctem.tv/mafia/
    A directory of mafia leaders from a popular web page.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    McClellan Hearings Entry from Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valachi_Hearings
    The McClellan Hearings, more commonly known as the Valachi Hearings, investigated organized crime activities across America and centered on Teamsters head and mafia associate, Jimmy Hoffa in 1957 and other leading mafia figures of the era such as Sam Giancana of Chicago. The hearings were initiated by Arkansas Senator John L. McClellan.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Media Coverage of Organized Crime : Police Managers Survey
    http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/pubs/ccaps-spcca/media-cov-couv-eng.htm
    Police managers feel that the media tend to focus too much on organized crime activities that involve violence. Because of this emphasis on violence and sensationalism, the media often underplay organized crime activities with no apparent violence. The activities downplayed the most by the media, in terms of impact, are money laundering and economic crimes. Police managers also stated that the media give too much exposure to positive or socially acceptable events linked to organized crime. They consider, however, that police operations, trials and political interventions related to organized crime receive adequate and relatively proper coverage. Police managers are concerned about a lack of in-depth articles, editorials and feature stories that could provide an in-depth look at issues related organized crime. According to some managers, the biggest shortcoming is that the media never provide a comprehensive view of the actual causes and overall impact of organized crime in Canada.
    Monograph by Judith Dubois, Université du Québec à Montréal, published by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Community, Contract and Aboriginal Policing Services Directorate, May 2003.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Mob and Friends
    http://web.archive.org/web/20060423072608/
    http://www.ipsn.org/themob.html

    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    Contains the following section: Mob Talk by Ciry or Region, Mobsters, Mob Pals & Pols, Mob Lawyers, Mob Rats, Mob Tales, Lexicon of the Mob, and Famous Mob Hits. Still available thanks to the Internet Archives.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Mob in Decline in the United States
    http://blogpublic.lib.msu.edu/index.php?blog=5&title=mob_in_decline_across_the_u_s&more=1&c=1&tb=1&pb=1
    The Mafia, memorably described as "bigger than U.S. Steel" by mob financier Meyer Lansky, is more of an illicit mom-and-pop operation in the new millennium. At the mob's peak in the late 1950s, more than two dozen families operated nationwide. Disputes were settled by the Commission, a sort of gangland Supreme Court. Corporate change came in a spray of gunfire. This was the mob of "The Godfather" celebrated in pop culture. Today, Mafia families in former strongholds like Cleveland, Los Angeles and Tampa are gone. La Cosa Nostra our thing, as its initiates called the mob is in serious decline everywhere but New York City. And even there, things aren't so great: Two of New York's five crime families are run in absentia by bosses behind bars.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Motor City Mafia: A Century of Organized Crime in Detroit chronicles the storied and hallowed gangland history of the notorious Detroit underworld.
    Scott M. Burnstein takes the reader inside the belly of the beast, tracking the bloodshed, exploits, and leadership of the southeast Michigan crime syndicate as never before seen in print. Through a stunning array of rare archival photographs and images, Motor City Mafia captures Detroit's most infamous past, from its inception in the early part of the 20th century, through the years when the iconic Purple Gang ruled the city's streets during Prohibition, through the 1930s and the formation of the local Italian mafia, and the Detroit crime family's glory days in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, all the way to the downfall of the area's mob reign in the 1980s and 1990s. Ordered 03/18/13
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    MurderInc.com
    http://web.archive.org/web/20060201231128/
    http://www.murderinc.com/

    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    The intention of this site is to bring a clear understanding of the history of organized crime, mainly during the early part of the 20th Century.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption
    http://www.yorku.ca/nathanson/
    This site is maintained by York University in Toronto. Includes a fully searchable bibligraphic database on organized crime and corruption.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    National Gang Threat Assessment, 2005
    http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/html/cd_rom/solution_gang_crime/pubs/2005NationalGangThreatAssessment.pdf
    Once found principally in large cities, violent street gangs now affect public safety, community image, and quality of life in communities of all sizes in urban, suburban, and rural areas. No region of the United States is untouched by gangs. Gangs affect society at all levels, causing heightened fears for safety, violence, and economic costs. This publication by the National Alliance of Gang Investigators Associations (NAGIA) includes chapter/sections on gangs and drugs, asian organized crime, russian organized crime, gangs and terrorist organizations, prison gangs, hispanic gangs, female gangs, outlaw motorcycle gangs, gangs in Indian country, and community response to gangs.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    National Gang Threat Assessment, 2009
    http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/national-gang-threat-assessment-2009-pdf
    Gangs pose a serious threat to public safety in many communities throughout the United States. Gang members are increasingly migrating from urban to suburban areas and are responsible for a growing percentage of crime and violence in many communities. Much gang-related criminal activity involves drug trafficking; however, gang members are increasingly engaging in alien and weapons trafficking. Additionally, a rising number of U.S.-based gangs are seemingly intent on developing working relationships with U.S.- and foreign-based drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) and other criminal organizations to gain direct access to foreign sources of illicit drugs.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    2011 National Gang Threat Assessment, 2011 – Emerging Trends
    http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/2011-national-gang-threat-assessment
    Gangs continue to commit criminal activity, recruit new members in urban, suburban, and rural regions across the United States, and develop criminal associations that expand their influence over criminal enterprises, particularly street-level drug sales. The most notable trends for 2011 have been the overall increase in gang membership, and the expansion of criminal street gangs’ control of street-level drug sales and collaboration with rival gangs and other criminal organizations.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Nations Hospitable to Organized Crime and Terrorism
    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/Nats_Hospitable.pdf
    This report assesses conditions that contribute to or are potentially hospitable to transnational criminal activity and terrorist activity in selected regions of the world during the period 1999-2002. Although the focus of the report is on transnational activity, domestic criminal activity is recognized as a key foundation for transnational crime, especially as the forces of globalization intensify. LaVerle Berry et al. A study prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. October 2003. 259pp.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The New Ethnic Mobs: The Changing Face of Organized Crime in America.
    William Kleinknecht. New York, NY: The Free Press, 1996. Main Library Stacks HV6446 .K54 1996
    Abstract: New ethnic crime groups have diluted the power of the Italian mafia and revolutionized organized crime. Kleinknecht takes us inside the Chinese and Vietnamese syndicates and the Hong Kong Triads, as well as other ethnic crime groups, and explores what the future holds for these overseas groups.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    New York Times Articles About Organized Crime
    http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/o/organized_crime/index.html?s=oldest&offset=70&
    MSU faculty and students should remember that the MSU Main Library provides free access to New York Times articles via library subscriptions.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Nexus Among Terrorists, Narcotics Traffickers, Weapons Proliferators,
    and Organized Crime Networks in Western Europe, 2000-2002

    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/WestEurope_NEXUS.pdf
    This report describes linkages among narcotics-trafficking, weapons-trafficking, and terrorist activities of groups active in or directly connected with countries in Western Europe. Anecdotal evidence provides examples of transactions among various types of criminal organizations, terrorist organizations, and suppliers of narcotics and arms. Glenn E. Curtis. A study prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Dec. 2002. 33pp.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Nigeria: the 419 Coalition Site
    http://home.rica.net/alphae/419coal/
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Nonfiction Books About Organized Crime
    http://www.wright.edu/~martin.kich/Murder/OCNon.htm
    Includes lots of books related to the Mafia.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Organized Crime and Terrorist Activity in Mexico, 1999-2002
    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/OrgCrime_Mexico.pdf
    Examines (1) organized crime syndicates that direct their criminal activities at the United States, namely Mexican narcotics trafficking and human smuggling networks, as well as a range of smaller organizations that specialize in trans-border crime; (2) the presence in Mexico of transnational criminal organizations, such as Russian and Asian organized crime; and (3) domestic guerrilla groups and foreign terrorist organizations. Ramon J. Miro. A report prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress under an interagency agreement with the United States government, Feb. 2003. 53pp.
    PDF report project, 12/2005
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Organized Crime in Germany
    http://www.organized-crime.de/ocgerstart.htm
    Assessing Organized Crime: The Case of Germany : This paper (available as a PDF-file) discusses the possibilities and limits of a meaningful assessment of organized crime in Germany. It presents various types of data and critically reviews the annual situation reports on organized crime issued by the federal German police agency BKA. An earlier draft of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the European Society of Criminology (ESC) in Toledo, Spain, in September 2002. It has been published in the posted version in the eNewsletter Organised Crime. A journal version of this paper appeared in Crime, Law and Social Change, 42(4-5), 2004, 227-259.
    Understanding Organized Crime in Germany : An analysis of the perception and reality of organized crime in Germany. An earlier draft of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) in Boston, March 1995.
    The Nicotine Racket: Trafficking in Untaxed Cigarettes. A Case Study of Organized Crime in Germany : A guest lecture given at the Institute for Criminology of the Oslo University (Norway) in May of 1999 on the smuggling and illegal distribution of untaxed cigarettes in Germany and the activities and structure of Vietnamese extortion gangs extorting Vietnamese street vendors of untaxed cigarettes in East Germany. The paper reflects the initial stage of research I am presently conducting at Freie Universität Berlin.
    The Illegal Cigarette Market in Germany: A Case Study of Organized Crime : A paper presented at the first annual meeting of the European Society of Criminology, held in Lausanne in September 2001, presents the research project on the cigarette black market I am currently working on and discusses its relevance for the study of organized crime. Provisional situation report on trafficking in contraband cigarettes : This research report (available in PDF-format) describes the situation of the cigarette black market in Northwest Europe with a special focus on Germany and the UK. The report was produced in 2005 as part of the Assessing Organised Crime research project financed by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme.
    Recent German Publications on Organized Crime : A review essay that appeared in the issue 1&2/1998 of Criminal Organizations gives an overview over German publications on organized crime published between 1994 and 1997.
    The Concept of Organized Crime in Historical Perspective : A paper presented at the international conference "International Organized Crime: Myth, Power, Profit," sponsored by the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, in October 1999, explores the conceptual history of organized crime in the United States and Germany. A journal version of this paper was published in Forum on Crime and Society, 1(2), 2001, 99-116.
    German Definitions of Organized Crime : A collection of German organized-crime definitions, including the official definition from 1990.
    Criminal Networks and Trust : This paper (written in collaboration with Per Ole Johansen and presented at the ESC meeting 2003 in Helsinki) discusses the importance of trust in criminal relations. Examples are drawn from research on the illegal cigarette market in Germany and the illegal liquor market in Norway. A journal version of this paper was published in Global Crime, 6(2), 2004, 159-184.
    Organized Crime Book Reviews : Learn more about organized crime in Germany and various other countries from a selection of book reviews.
    A compilation of materials by Klaus von Lampe from Germany.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Organized Crime in the U.S.
    http://www.organized-crime.de/yhome05.htm
    Contents: The Conceptual History of Organized Crime : A paper presented at the international conference "International Organized Crime: Myth, Power, Profit," sponsored by the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, in October 1999, explores the conceptual history of organized crime in the United States and Germany.
    Definitions of Organized Crime : What is organized crime? How to define it? Can you define it? Find out what scholars and official committees in the U.S. and elsewhere have written over the years from a selection of some 60 texts.
    "The Godfather" and Organized Crime : "The Godfather had more influence on the public mind and the minds of many public officials than did any library filled with scholarly works that argued for the true nature of organized crime," note Dennis Kenney and Jim Finckenauer in their textbook on "Organized Crime in America" (Wadsworth Publishing, 1995, p. 246). But what exactly is it that the late Mario Puzo wrote about organized crime in his famous novel? Take a look at the passages in Godfather that pertain to the nature of organized crime.
    The U.S. Congress and Organized Crime : What impact has the issue of organized crime had on Congress? The answer is: Since the late 1950s House and Senate have spent a great deal of time investigating organized crime. Check out an extensive list of congressional hearings and reports.
    Organized Crime and Federal Legislation : How has the concept of organized crime been translated into law? The answer is: not a great deal. Interestingly, the term "racketeering," which was most popular in the 1930s, has prevailed in legal terminology, namely in the RICO Statute. A list of federal racketeering laws tells you of the history of anti-organized-crime laws in the U.S. Also included in this file are the most important passages from the Anti-Mafia-Law proposed by Senator McClellan in the mid 1960s and the RICO Statute itself.
    The Concept and Theory of Organized Crime : Where has the term "organized crime" originally come from, how has its meaning changed over time, and what actors and social influences have brought about these changes? What are the contributions of the social sciences to the understanding of organized crime? What concrete concepts and empirical data are at the base of the current public and scientific understanding of organized crime in the United States? Can the various and often conflicting approaches to the understanding of organized crime be combined in a single model of organized crime? These questions are addressed in a German-language study. Find out more from an English abstract of the book. Organized Crime Book Reviews : Learn more about organized crime in the U.S. and various other countries from a selection of over 50 book reviews.
    Organized Crime Links : Links to organized-crime related web sites (U.S. and other countries).
    A compilation of materials by Klaus von Lampe from Germany in preparation of writing a dissertation on organized crime.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Organized Crime Research
    http://www.organized-crime.de/
    Includes lots of book reviews and web pages on organized crime in the United States and Germany courtesy of Klaus von Lampe, Berlin, Germany.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Organized Crime : The American Shakedown
    Campus access
    Off-Campus Access for MSU Students : Type in title in quick search box.
    Organized crime in America has been called an “invisible empire.” But if you buy clothes, eat pizza, like to gamble or watch X-rated movies, its influence is a highly visible part of your life. To many business owners, organized crime is a necessary — if unwelcome — “middleman.” To consumers, it is one more reason for high prices. And to law enforcement authorities, it is a continuing menace — in the marketplace as well as back alleys. The gangster underworld is responsible for crimes ranging from stock fraud to arson. It controls labor unions, masterminds drug traffic and corrupts public officials. In the process, mobsters skim untold billions of tax-free dollars from the nation's economy every year. Article covers War Against the Mob, Gangsters and the Law, and Old Ties, New Faces. W. V. Thomas, Editorial Research Reports, via CQ Researcher Archive, June 19, 1981.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Organized Crime Worldwide
    Also known as Mario's Cyberspace Station -- Mafia
    http://mprofaca.cro.net/orgcrime.html
    Web page by Mario Profaca, Croatian Freelance Journalist. Contains sections on Money Laundering, Yakuza, HongKong Triads, Mexican Mafia, and Russian Mafia.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Origins and History of the Mafia Commission
    http://web.archive.org/web/20060427114053/http://www.search-international.com/Articles/crime/mafiaorigins.htm
    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    An overview by Rich Lindberg.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Our Worst Fear: Terrorists and Gangs Form Alliance (Voice Recording)
    http://www.americanpatrol.com/04-FEATURES/041027-GANG-TERROR-TEAM/041027_Feature.html
    Secret DHS and L.A. County Documents Show Link. Recording from the John and Ken Show on KFI - Los Angeles October 26 -- "This is from the Department of Homeland Security Customs and Border Protection, Border Patrol. It's a fifteen page report titled Latin Gangs in the Americas...These are former guerilla fighters... the gangs have infiltrated into Los Angeles... members are former members of the Salvadoran Army... The MS 13 and 18th Street Gangs...entire families have been hacked to death...with links to smuggling operations with possible ties to Muslim organizations..."
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Overview of the Law Enforcement Strategy to Combat International Organized Crime
    http://www.usdoj.gov/ag/speeches/2008/ioc-strategy-public-overview.pdf
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Policing OnLine Information System (POLIS)
    Organized Crime Portal
    http://polis.osce.org/portals/orgcrime/
    Direct access to reports, legislation, events, training materials related to organized crime, as well as to a database of training centres offering training opportunities for foreign law enforcement.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Racketeering Law Comes Under Attack
    Campus access
    Off-Campus Access for MSU Students : Type in title in quick search box.
    The Wall Street Journal called it a “monster.” A high Justice Department official, on the other hand, called it a “thermonuclear weapon” in the war on organized crime. “It” is RICO, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. Passed in 1970, the federal racketeering law was scarcely used during its first decade of existence, but prosecutors and private lawyers alike have made up for that during the last 10 years. Gangsters and drug dealers, politicians and pornographers, securities firms and labor unions—all have been caught in its web. And as the law has expanded its reach, calls to rein it in have grown louder. Here's what is behind all the noise. Kenneth Jost, Editorial Research Reports via CQ Researcher Archive, May 17, 1989.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Red Mafia: A Legacy of Communism
    http://andrsn.stanford.edu/Other/redmaf.html
    This chapter inquires into the mafia phenomenon in Russia to evaluate its potential for threatening the success of economic reform. The first section considers the term mafia in popular parlance and in the economic literature. The second section looks at the conditions historically associated with the development of mafias. The third section addresses the underground economy in the latter years of the Soviet Union as the framework from which the current Russian mafia, the subject of the fourth section, developed. The claim that Russia's problems with crime are merely an early stage of capitalism is addressed in the fifth section. A final section considers public policy approaches. Annelise Anderson.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Rick Porrello's American Mafia.Com
    http://americanmafia.com/index.html
    Organized crime and mafia super site by police officer and author. Pulls together lots of news stories about the mob and links to additional web sites.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Russian Mafia Net Threat
    http://www.eweek.com/article2/0,3959,1237772,00.asp
    Organized crime rings in Russia and the rest of the former Soviet Union are increasingly hacking into U.S. e-commerce and banking Web sites, posing an enormous economic threat. Hackers have launched computer viruses and disruptive denial-of-service attacks, but the biggest danger comes from hackers with ties to organized crime breaking into computers, FBI officials said. Spearheading the organized hacking rings is the Russian Mafia, security experts say. The Russian Mafia has infiltrated many businesses in the former Soviet Union, and is becoming increasingly sophisticated in computer crimes. Article by Laura Lorek appearing in EWeek, July 16, 2001.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Russian Organized Crime
    http://members.tripod.com/~orgcrime/rusindex.htm
    A compilation of articles.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Russian Organized Crime
    http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/roc.htm
    Federation of American Scientists.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Russian Organized Crime: A Report of the Global Organized Crime Task Force
    http://web.archive.org/web/20011127082548/
    http://www.csis.org/goc/roc.pdf

    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    Location and call number
    Russian organized crime constitutes a direct threat to the national security interests of the United States by fostering instability in a nuclear-armed power. Left unchecked, Russia is in jeopardy of becoming a criminal syndicalist state under the control of corrupt government bureaucrats, politicians, quasi-businessmen, and criminals. Composed of senior-level U.S. government representatives and private-sector experts, the task force assesses the breadth and depth of Russian organized crime and corruption, addresses current U.S. policy, and makes recommendations on how best to confront these challenges. CSIS Panel Report, 104 pp. 1997.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Russian Organized Crime in the United States
    http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/218560.pdf
    Russian organized crime (ROC) is an umbrella phrase that captures a variety of crime groups and criminal activities. Our focus in this report is on the groups and the activities present in the United States. James O. Finckenauer, Ph.D., 2000.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Sexy Russian Mafia (article)
    http://members.tripod.com/~orgcrime/russexy.htm
    An article by Lydia S. Rosner, John Jay College.
    This article deals with the perceptions inherent in that phenomenon called the Russian Mafia. It examines a theoretical problem which lies at the juncture of criminology, sociology of knowledge, and cultural or cross-cultural studies, and asks whether significances other than those apparent on the surface govern perceptions as they concern organized crime and immigrant illegality. It describes the fascination of the American press with all newly-emerging criminal enterprises and asks several functionalist questions concerning the possible ramifications of this interest.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Spotlight on Asian Organized Crime
    http://web.archive.org/web/20060502145155/http://www.search-international.com/WhatsNew/WNasiangangs.htm
    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    Chicago's two Chinatowns, one south, the other north, are secular, highly insulated communities where close-mouthed secrecy prevails. Behind the pleasing facade of Asian restaurants, bakeries, herbal medicine drug stores, fresh produce markets and gift shops pandering to neighborhood residents and out-of-towners, street gang investigators in the past few years, have been tracking a major heroin trafficking rings involving the importation of multiple kilos of heroin brought into the neighborhood for resale on the street. These incidents underscore the ever evolving, ever changing face of organized crime in Chicago and elsewhere - the rise of Asian street gangs. From Search International's Historic Chicago Organized Crime Files. Richard C. Lindberg.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Suppression of Crime Syndicates
    Campus access
    Off-Campus Access for MSU Students : Type in title in quick search box.
    Public officials and investigating bodies have repeatedly asserted that organized crime in the United States has grown in extent and power to a point where it cannot be effectively controlled by state and local law-enforcement agencies. Their concern over the situation is reflected in pending proposals before Congress which probably will result in renewed scrutiny of the whole question this spring. The Senate Judiciary Committee recently approved a resolution by Sen. Kefauver (D., Tenn.) calling for an investigation of the interstate aspects of crime syndicate operations. The resolution is now before the Senate Rules Committee for decision as to whether the proposed investigation should be conducted by a Judiciary subcommittee, as Kefauver recommended, or by the Senate Interstate Commerce Committee. Chairman Johnson (D., Colo.) of the latter group contends that his committee should have jurisdiction because it would have to consider proposals for new legislation resulting from the study. Meanwhile, Rep. Macy (R., N. Y.) has offered a resolution for an inquiry into organized crime by a special House committee. Topics covered in this article include : Organized Crime and Crime Syndicates, Law Enforcement and Legalized Gambling, Federal Police Powers and Organized Crime, and State and Local Attacks on Organized Crime. R. McNickle, Editorial Research Reports via CQ Researcher Archive, March 17, 1950.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Terrorist and Organized Crime Groups in the Tri-Border Area of South America
    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/TerrOrgCrime_TBA.pdf
    Assesses the activities of organized crime groups, terrorist groups, and narcotics traffickers in general in the Tri-Border Area of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, focusing mainly on the period since 1999. Some of the related topics discussed, such as governmental and police corruption and anti-money-laundering laws, may also apply. Rex Hudson. A report prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of congress. July 2003. 90pp.
    Added to Magic.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    The Threat Posed from the Convergence of Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking, and Terrorism
    http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/congress/2000_h/001213-cilluffo.htm
    Testimony by Frank Cilluffo, Deputy Director, Global Organized Crime Program, Director, Counterterrorism Task Force, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, D. C., before the U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Crime, December 13, 2000.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Transnational Activities of Chinese Crime Organizations
    http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/ChineseOrgCrime.pdf
    This study investigates the major pockets of activity of Chinese criminal groups from 2000-2003, throughout the world except for mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan. Glenn E. Curtis et al. A report prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. April 2003. 68pp.
    PDF report project, 12/2005.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Transnational Gangs: The Impact of Third Generation Gangs in Central America
    http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/apjinternational/apj-s/2008/2tri08/sullivaneng.htm
    Transnational gangs are a concern throughout the Western Hemisphere. Criminal street gangs have evolved to pose significant security and public safety threats in individual neighborhoods, metropolitan areas, nations, and across borders. Such gangs—widely known as maras—are no longer just street gangs. They have morphed across three generations through interactions with other gangs and transnational organized crime organizations (e.g., narcotics cartels) into complex networked threats. By John P. Sullivan. Air & Space Power Journal, July 1, 2008.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Transnational Organized Crime: The Caribbean Context
    http://www.ciaonet.org/wps/bry01/
    Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Working Paper No. 1, October 2000.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Transnational Organized Crime in the West African Region
    http://www.unodc.org/pdf/transnational_crime_west-africa-05.pdf
    Organized crime groups in West Africa have developed large-scale trafficking activities and have been identified among the most prominent actors importing Asian heroin into the US and Europe. In recent years, West African drug trafficking organizations have increasingly diversified into other forms of criminal activities, such as theft and distribution of stolen property, smuggling of contraband goods and counterfeited credit cards, money laundering and trafficking in women and children. This project addresses the phenomenon of organized crime groups active in selected countries of the West African region (Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone) and their transnational dimension. The analysis of the information and data on these groups will also provide a sound basis for the identification of the most appropriate control measures to combat and prevent organized crime.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Transnational Terror and Organized Crime : Blurring the Lines
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/sais_review/v024/24.1sanderson.html
    The global war on terrorism is constricting the flow of financial support to terror groups. To circumvent these measures, transnational terrorist organizations are moving deeper into organized criminal activity. This transition poses a tremendous challenge to states struggling with a threat that has changed significantly since September 11. As terror groups transform into hybrid criminal/terror entities and partner with criminal syndicates, the threat to the United States and other nations rises in complexity, demanding a highly flexible, tailored response. Thomas M. Sanderson. SAIS Review 24.1 (2004) 49-61
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Triads
    http://web.archive.org/web/20020618050344/
    http://www.illuminatedlantern.com/triads/page1.html

    Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
    It is important to note that the Triads are not synonymous with Chinese criminal syndicates. That is to say, not all syndicate members or criminals are automatically triad members. On the other hand, all triad members are criminals, if only because membership alone is considered a criminal offence under Hong Kong's 1994 Organized & Serious Crimes Ordinance. A six part series from the Illuminated Lantern. Still available courtesy of the Internet Archives.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Understanding Organized Crime in Global Perspective: A Reader.
    Patrick J. Ryand and George E. Rush. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997. Main Library Stacks HV6446 .U53 1997
    A collection of 17 papers, authored primarily by members of the International Association for the Study of Organized Crime, several of which are about Asian gangs and organized crime, organized crime in Hong Kong, and the future of Southeast Asian Criminal Organizations.

    United Kingdom Threat Assessment of Serious Organised Crime, 2006/2007
    http://www.soca.gov.uk/assessPublications/downloads/threat_assess_unclass_250706.pdf
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Yahoo Organized Crime Page
    http://www.yahoo.com/Society_and_Culture/Crime/Organized_Crime/
    Extensive links courtesy of Yahoo USA and Yahoo UK.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Yakuza Diary: Doing Time in the Japanese Underworld.
    Christopher Seymour. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press , 1996. Main Library Stacks HV6453.J33 Y357 1996
    Abstract: Japanese gangsters, the Yakuza, make up the biggest, richest, and most secretive organized crime syndicates in the world. The combined Yakuza is ten times larger than the American mafia, with profits that would rival any Fortune 500 company. Seymour infiltrates the Yakuza, presenting the details of a world that had remained modern Japan's dirty little secret. Billed as alternately funny and harrowing, the Yakuza Diary is a guided tour of institutional crime and ritualized violence.

    The Yakuza : Information Resources
    Prepared by the Japan Information Access Project, March 11, 2003.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

    Yakuza : Past and Present
    http://web.archive.org/web/19990302021215/http://www.hhs.se/EIJS/anomaly/JYakuza.htm
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    An article about organized crime in Japan. By Johan Bjork, Stockholm School of Economics and European Institute of Japanese Studies, 1997.
    (Last checked 03/18/13)

     

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