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Criminal Justice Resources :

Restorative Justice

Quotes | Web Sites | Selected Databases and Books


What Is Restorative Justice?

Restorative justice is a systematic response to wrongdoing that emphasizes healing the wounds of victims, offenders and communities caused or revealed by the criminal behaviour.

Practices and programs reflecting restorative purposes will respond to crime by: (a) identifying and taking steps to repair harm, (b) involving all stakeholders, and (c) transforming the traditional relationship between communities and their governments in responding to crime.

Restorative justice involves looking beyond retribution to find deeper solutions that heal broken relationships.

Web Sites

Balanced and Restorative Justice - Program Summary
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Describes the restorative justice framework that promotes involvement of the victim, offender, and community in the justice process and allows juvenile justice systems and agencies to improve their capacity to protect the community and ensure accountability of the offender and the system.
(Last checked 10/24/11)

Implementing balanced and restorative justice: A Guide For Law Enforcement Officers
Implementing balanced and restorative justice: A guidebook series features profession-specific guides for juvenile justice personnel to assist with the implementation of balanced and restorative justice (BARJ).
(Last checked 10/24/11)

Restorative Community Justice : A Comprehensive Approach to Reducing Crime and Violence in Our Culture
While the United States has made dramatic strides in reducing the crime rate in recent years, the gains have come at the price of the world’s highest rate of incarceration and crime rates are still too high and communities continue to suffer. This paper on Building a Restorative Community Justice model offers a vision of an effective alternative to the fragmented criminal and juvenile justice systems of today, as well as a three-phase plan to make this vision a reality:

  • Develop a Restorative Community Justice model - Synthesize the essence of the major criminal and juvenile justice reforms into a comprehensive, system-wide Restorative Community Justice model.
  • Promote learning organizations - Transform police, prosecutors, courts and corrections into Learning organizations that can apply systems thinking to changing times and new challenges.
  • Strengthen Communities - Create capacity within communities so that they become full partners in the process of merging formal and informal social control into a unified, community-based approach. Article by Bonnie Bucqueroux, March 2004. 29pp.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Restorative Justice Online Blog
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Restorative Justice: Healing the Effects of Crime
    A web site facilitated by Tom Cavanagh, Ph.D. dedicated to learning together how to heal the harm, particularly to relationships, resulting from wrongdoing and conflict.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Restorative Justice Online
    This comprehensive web site maintained by the Prison Fellowship International Centre for Justice and Reconciliation offers a wide array of resources including government documents, Web tour, profiles, and latest papers.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Restorative Justice Resources
    It is increasingly acknowledged that criminal justice systems must represent the interests of victims and communities by ensuring public safety, quality of life in communities, and a meaningful role for crime victims in the justice process. Restorative justice calls for criminal justice systems to work as partners with the broader community and in ways that reflect community values. Restorative justice approaches can create better responsiveness to victims and communities, while also helping offenders to understand the impact of their behavior and to repair the harm done. Restorative justice ultimately is about change for today and hope for tomorrow. Restorative justice requires new skills, new competencies, and a different set of expectations for corrections agencies, justice professionals, government, advocacy groups, and communities. A compilation of resources by the National Institute on Corrections Information Center. Note: type in "restorative justice" in th search box and review the results.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Restorative Justice: Theory Meets Practice
    The first issue of Western Criminology Review, June 1998.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Returning Justice to the Community: The Indianapolis Juvenile Restorative Justice Experiment
    Edmund F. McGarrell, Hudson Institute Crime Control Policy Center, June 2000.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Simon Fraser University
    School of Criminology
    Centre for Restorative Justice
    Restorative Justice is an old idea with a new name. Its roots can be found in Aboriginal healing traditions and the non-retaliatory responses to violence endorsed by many faith communities.
    It represents a return of the simple wisdom of viewing conflict as an opportunity for a community to learn and grow. It operates on the premise that conflict, even criminal conflict, inflicts harm, and therefore individuals must accept responsibility for repairing that harm. Communities are empowered to choose their response to conflict. Victims, offenders and communities actively participate in devising mutually beneficial solutions, and implementing those solutions. Conflicts are resolved in a way that restores harmony in the community members’ relationships, and allows people to continue to live together in a safer, healthy environment.
    Canada has long been in the forefront of the restorative justice field. We were the first nation in the world to offer a victim/offender reconciliation program, which was initiated by the Mennonite Community in Kitchener, Ontario. We are viewed world-wide as having the experts in the field of violent-offence (post-incarceration) mediation. We have also been on the leading edge of adopting the Aboriginal concept of circle remedies, which have become an integral part of progressive programming in the federal justice system.
    Over the last decade, Simon Fraser University has made significant contributions to the paradigm of restorative justice. We hope to build on our tradition of excellence in this field.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    This site focuses on information about "non-repressive responses to a variety of violence, including school shootings, sexual assault, and hate crimes." It includes a section on restorative justice, including excellent sections on faith-based initiatives and school safety.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Databases and Books

    Restorative Justice Database
    Created and maintained by the Centre of Criminology Library at the University of Toronto, this database includes citations to academic and practitioner literature from 1970 to the present. It is updated and maintained on a regular basis and presently includes more than 1,400 records. you can search by keyword, subject category, or by type of resource.
    (Last checked 10/24/11)

    Additional Criminal Justice Databases, some restricted to MSU faculty and staff and others that are not, are available for further exploration.

    Books on Restorative Justice are also available for use in the Michigan State University Main Library Stacks.


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