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Criminal Justice Resources :

Terrorist Groups and Related Issues


Related web pages:

Web Sites | Online Articles and Publications | Annotations | Reference Books Available in the MSU Library


Web Sites

Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction (The Gilmore Commission)
Bombing of America
Congressional Research Service Reports on Terrorism
Dag Hammarskold Library Guide on Counter-Terrorism
Eco-Terrorism
Foreign Terrorist Groups
Foreign Terrorist Organizations
The Gilmore Commission
Global Terrorism Database
The International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)
Journalist's Toolbox Special Report: 9/11 Terrorist Attack
Overseas Security Advisory Council
Security & Terrorism
Terrorism and U.S. Policy (National Security Archive)
Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC)
Terrorism Update
This is Baader-Meinhof: Germany in the Post-War Decade of Terror 1968-1977
University of Maryland : College of Law : Thurgood Marshall Law Library CRS Reports on Homeland Security/Terrorism
U.S. Department of State Counterterrorism Page
U.S. Department of State List of Foreign Terrorist Groups
U.S. Institute of Peace Terrorism / Counter-Terrorism Page
War on Terrorism Research Guides
Wikipedia Articles on Terrorism


Online Articles and Publications

America Still Unprepared
Antiterrorism Individual Protective Measures
Basics of Combatting Terrorism
Bremer Commission (National Commission on Terrorism) Report
Countering the Changing Threat of International Terrorism (2000)
Countering the New Terrorism
Country Reports on Terrorism, 2004-
Discouraging Terrorism: Some Implications of 9/11
DoD USS Cole Commission Report
Extremist Movements and Their Threat to the United States
FBI's Project Megiddo Report on Domestic Terrorism
Feds Prepare State, Local Governments for Terrorist Attacks
Identifying the Links Between White-Collar Crime and Terrorism
Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving Terrorism (1999)
A Look at Terrorist Behavior: How They Prepare, Where They Strike
Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States, First Interim Report
National Military Strategic Plan for the War on Terrorism
National Strategy for Homeland Security
OVC Handbook for Coping After Terrorism
Political Violence Against Americans
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Project Megiddo on Possible Terrorism
Protecting the American Homeland: A Preliminary Assessment
Protecting the American Homeland: One Year On
Protection of Public Facilities against Terrorist Attacks
Red Army Faction
Red Brigade
Report of the Accountability Review Boards on the Embassy Bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam on August 7, 1998
Responding to the Victims of Terrorism (2000)
A Review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons' Selection of Muslim Religious Services Providers
Road Map for National Security: Imperative for Change (2001)
Significant Incidents of Political Violence Against Americans
Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism: Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why?
Terrorism: How Vulnerable is the United States
Terrorism : U.S. Response To Bombings in Kenya and Tanzania
Terrorist and Insurgent Organizations - al Qaida
Terrorist Attack on USS Cole
 


Reference Books Available in the MSU Library

Dictionary of Terrorism
Rev. and updated ed. of: Encyclopedia of terrorism and political violence. 1987
John Richard Thackrah. London ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2004. 2nd edition, 318pp. Main Library Reference (1 East) HV6431 .T56 2004
Terrorism is one of the primary concerns of the modern world and is increasingly becoming a major factor in all international relations in the 21st century. This revised and updated second edition of a major reference work in the area contains definitions and descriptions of all aspects of terrorism and political violence, including:

Encyclopedia of Terrorism
Harvey W. Kushner Thousand Oaks, Ca. : Sage Publications, c2003. 550pp. Main Library Reference HV6431 .K883 2003
With more than 300 articles, the Encylopedia provides detailed discussions of the who, what, where, when, and why of terorism. Up-to-date and tmely, the articles cover such topics as AlQaeda, biological terrorism, extremism, Saddam Hussein, Jihad, Zacarias Moussaouit, and suicide bombers.

Encyclopedia of Terrorism and Political Violence
Note: 2nd edition has the title Dictionary of terrorism
John Richard Thackrah. London ; New York : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987. 308pp. Main Library Reference (1 East) HV6431 .T56 1987
The first line of defence against terrorism is to learn as much as one can about terrorists, to understand their motivations and their methods, and to be able as a result to anticipate some of their targetting, or at least to limit damage if attacks cannot be prevented. British viewpoint.

Encyclopedia of World Terrorism
Martha Crenshaw. Armonk, N.Y. : M. E. Sharpe, 1997. 3 volumes. Main Library Reference (1 East) HV6431 .E53 1997
This timely three-volume set illustrates how deeply the world has been changed by violent events in the 20th century and provides students with a new awareness of how these events continue to shape modern history. Each highly accessible article includes summaries and key fact boxes as well as a list of further readings. The up-to-date Encyclopedia includes entries on the Oklahoma City Bombing, Pan Am Flight 103, and other such terrorist acts that continue to be front-page news. No other reference on this topic explains in such careful detail how violence is being used to achieve political ends all over the world, even in the United States.
Volume 1 explores the historical background of different eras: from ancient Greece through 1939; during WWII; and modern terrorist compaigns worldwide. It discusses specific types of terrorism; techniques and methods; and the psychology of terrorism. Volume 2 focuses on terrorist groups and campaigns, with emphasis on the Middle East (including the 1996 peace process), and also covers radical Muslim terrorism, terrorism in Latin America, post-Colonial Asia and Africa, and war and civil war since 1945. Volume 3 is devoted to terrorism in the industrialized world: the United States, Europe, Israel, Britain, and Latin America, with a complete section on responses to terrorism.

Encyclopedia of World Terrorism
Edited by Frank Shanty and Raymond Picquet ; John Lalla, documents editor]. Armonk, NY : Sharpe Reference, 2003. 2 volumes. Main Library Reference (1 East) HV6431 .E53 2003
Today more than ever, terrorism is one of the most compelling domestic and international concerns. This timely and authoritative work is the definitive research tool for the topic. It picks up where the original and highly acclaimed Encyclopedia of World Terrorism leaves off, and examines terrorist activity worldwide from the mid-1990s to the present. The set covers the attack on the World Trade Center, the War on Terrorism, and the escalating violence in Israel and the occupied territories in detail, offering historical context and contemporary analysis by terrorism and counter-terrorism experts. It investigates key issues and events related to global and domestic terrorism, as well as current and future trends in terrorism and counter-terrorism. The work includes completely new and original entries on terrorist individuals, organizations, and activities around the globe, and it also update entries from the original Encyclopedia of World Terrorism where appropriate. In addition , this set includes a complete volume of primary source documents relating to terrorism from ancient times to the present.

Historical Dictionary of Terrorism
Sean Anderson and Stephen Sloan
Metuchen, NJ : Scarecrow Press, 1995. 452pp. Main Library Stacks HV6431 .A537 1995
A reference that provides information on terrorist groups, events, and prominent figures spanning the period from the Zealot insurrections against Roman rule in first century Judea to the present. Entries on terrorist groups and movements provide information on their histories, programs, and leadership, as well as some discussion of the numbers and kinds of action perpetrated by each group. The introduction discusses essential components of terrorism that distinguish it from other forms of political violence. Extensive bibliography.

Historical Dictionary of Terrorism
Sean Anderson and Stephen Sloan
Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2002. 2nd edition, 588pp. Main Library Reference HV6431 .A537 2002
This is a newly revised and updated edition of a reference dictionary on terrorism, which first appeared in 1995. It is encyclopedic in its wealth of information and analysis on major terrorist groups, their leaders and ideologies; significant terrorist incidents, and the weapons employed by terrorist groups, including weapons of mass destruction and cyber warfare, which are of great concern today. The alphabetically arranged entries cover acts of terrorism from the first century Judean Zealots and Sicarii to latter-day radical leftist, rightist and religiously fundamentalist militants, offering great insight into how and why such groups originated, how they organize, how they operate, and their targeting. The historical dictionary also covers pertinent anti-terrorism laws and legal doctrines. The extensive bibliographical section begins with a valuable introductory overview, and then lists essential literature resources on terrorism, such as general reference works, databases, academic and public policy studies, U.S. Government documents, and Internet resources. This tremendously timely and important reference work will appeal to civilian and military government officials, academic and public policy specialists, university students and researchers, journalists, and the general public --who seek to understand the threat of terrorism in all its dimensions.

Terrorism in the 20th century : a narrative encyclopedia from the anarchists, through the Weathermen, to the Unabomer
Jay Robert Nash. New York : M. Evans and Co., c1998. 468pp. Main Library Stacks HV6431 .N366 1998
Throughout the twentieth century, countless criminal groups have earned infamy by their violent acts of terrorism. Political assassinations, kidnappings, bombings, lynchings and hijackings have stunned the world. In recent decades, terrorism has become an increasing threat, especially when it comes to air travel. Although in this country terrorism is not a new phenomenon, it is one that is growing-and the fear of terrorism is growing faster.


 


Annotations in Alphabetical Order

Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
also known as The Gilmore Commission
http://www.rand.org/nsrd/terrpanel/
The Advisory Panel will assess the capabilities for responding to terrorist incidents in the U.S. homeland involving weapons of mass destruction. Response capabilities at the Federal, State, and local levels will be examined, with a particular emphasis on the latter two. Includes first five annual reports as of Dec. 2003.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

America Still Unprepared - America Still In Danger
http://www.cfr.org/publication.php?id=5099
This report concludes that America is still unprepared to prevent and respond to a catastrophic terrorist attack on U.S. soil. Though a number of steps have been taken there are indications that Americans are lapsing back into complacency. The report discusses a number of issues and makes a number of recommendations. Report of an Independent Task Force Sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations and co-chaired by Gary Hart and Warren B. Rudman.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Antiterrorism Individual Protective Measures
http://web.archive.org/web/20041010002332/
http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/e-resources/ebooks/records/7129-1.html

Pamphlet published by Joint Chiefs of Staff, February 1997. Shared by the University of Buffalo Libraries. Still available thanks to the Internet Archive. Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Basics of Combatting Terrorism
http://web.archive.org/web/20011215003235/
www.terrorism.com/terrorism/basics.shtml

There is much confusion over what terrorism is and is not. The following is an essay from the US Army's Command & General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The essay does an excellent job of explaining not only the basics of terrorism, but also details the US policy towards this phenomenon. Because of its length, we have broken the essay into several parts. U.S. Army, Field Manual 100-20, Stability and Support Opperations, (Final Draft), "Chapter 8: Combatting Terrorism. Stil available thanks to the Internet Archive. Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Bombing of America
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bombing/index.html
PBS online exhibit on bombing and terrorism, with information about chemical bombs, juvenile bombers, suspects, and police and forensics procedures. (Last checked 02/09/15)

Bremer Commission (National Commission on Terrorism) Report
Countering the Changing Threat of International Terrorism
http://web.archive.org/web/20021214231742/
http://www.terrorism.com/documents/bremercommission/index.shtml

Still available thanks to the Internet Archive. Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Combating Terrorism: Evaluation of Selected Characteristics
in National Strategies Related to Terrorism

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04408t.pdf
Identifies and defines the desirable characteristics of an effective national terrorism and homeland security strategy and evaluates whether the current national strategies address those characteristics.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Congressional Research Service Reports on Terrorism
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/
A compilation of reports by the U.S. Congress's research arm.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Countering the New Terrorism
http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR989/
Countering the New Terrorism, a new 153-page book published by RAND, has recently been made available online. The book contains four chapters that address the changes, trends, and implications of the new terrorism. The introductory chapter, written by Ian O. Lesser, overviews the changes in terrorism in a changing world. The second chapter, "Terrorism Trends and Prospects," by Bruce Hoffman, looks at trends in international terrorism. Chapter three, "Networks, Netwar, and Information-Age Terrorism," by John Arquilla, David Ronfeldt, and Michele Zanini, examines the special problem of terrorism in the information age. The final chapter, "Countering the New Terrorism: Implications for Strategy," also by Lesser, suggests how to meet terrorist challenges to US interests. The book also includes three figures, one table, an index, and a foreword by Brian Michael Jenkins. Each part of the online book is provided as an individual .pdf file.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Countering the Changing Threat of International Terrorism
http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/commission.html
The final report is a result of the National Commission on Terrorism's Congressionally mandated evaluation of America's laws, policies, and practices for preventing and punishing terrorism directed at American citizens. It is available in Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF). Released first by the Federation of American Scientists and later by GPO Access. 2000.
Note: The National Commission on Terrorism is also known as the Bremer Commission.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Country Reports on Terrorism
http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/
U.S. law requires the Secretary of State to provide Congress, by April 30 of each year, a full and complete report on terrorism with regard to those countries and groups meeting criteria set forth in the legislation. This annual report is entitled Country Reports on Terrorism. Beginning with the report for 2004, it replaced the previously published Patterns of Global Terrorism.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Dag Hammarskold Library Guide on Counter-Terrorism
http://research.un.org/en/counter-terrorism
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Discouraging Terrorism: Some Implications of 9/11
http://www.nap.edu/books/0309085306/html/
Courtesy of the National Academies Press, Center for Social and Economic Studies (CSES), 2002.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

DoD USS Cole Commission Report
http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/cole.html
Since the attack on Khobar Towers in June 1996, the Department of Defense (DoD) has made significant improvements in protecting its service members, mainly in deterring, disrupting and mitigating terrorist attacks on installations. The attack on USS COLE (DDG 67), in the port of Aden, Yemen, on 12 October 2000, demonstrated a seam in the fabric of efforts to protect our forces, namely in-transit forces. Our review was focused on finding ways to improve the US policies and practices for deterring, disrupting and mitigating terrorist attack on US forces in transit.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Eco-Terrorism
http://akdart.com/enviro5.html
You would think that a multi-billion-dollar War on Terrorism would not be limited to international terrorism, but would include some kind of action against eco-terrorists who attack chinchilla farms, throw dye on fur coats, burn down legitimate businesses and deliberately disrupt military training and testing. I'm no lawyer, but at the very least, many of these cases appear to be organized crimes as defined in (18 U.S.C. 1961), the RICO laws, and most of them probably constitute "interference with commerce by threats or violence" as defined in (18 U.S.C. 1951). So why aren't these people already in prison?
Ironically, radical environmentalists, anti-war and animal rights activists destroy property and provoke violent confrontations in the name of non-violence. Moreover, they are legally incorporated nonprofit organizations under U.S. tax law.* However, many environmental activists don't even maintain the pretense of non-violence. Some organizations, like the Animal Liberation Front, openly condone and endorse violent activities against legal businesses, and even offer detailed advice about what to do and how to get away with it.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Extremist Movements and Their Threat to the United States
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_senate_hearings&docid=f:61869.pdf
Transcript of a hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, held on November 2, 1999. Osama bin Laden is one of the main points of discussion. Senate hearing 106-297, published in 2000.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

FBI's Project Megiddo Report
http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/lps3578/www.fbi.gov/library/megiddo/megiddo.pdf
The attached analysis, entitled Project Megiddo, is an FBI strategic assessment of the potential for domestic terrorism in the U.S. undertaken in anticipation of or response to the arrival of the new millenium.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Feds Prepare State, Local Governments for Terrorist Attacks
http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/0301/031501nj.htm
Article by Sydney J. Freedberg Jr., National Journal. Courtesy of GovExec.Com Daily Briefing, March 15, 2001.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Foreign Terrorist Groups
http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/45323.pdf
Title 22 of the US Code, Section 2656f, which requires the Department of State to provide an annual report to Congress on terrorism, requires the report to include, inter alia, information on terrorist groups and umbrella groups under which any terrorist group falls, known to be responsible for the kidnapping or death of any US citizen during the preceding five years; groups known to be financed by state sponsors of terrorism about which Congress was notified during the past year in accordance with Section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act; and any other known international terrorist group that the Secretary of State determined should be the subject of the report. The list of designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) below is followed by a list of other selected terrorist groups also deemed of relevance in the global war on terrorism.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Foreign Terrorist Organizations
http://www.state.gov/www/global/terrorism/fto_1999.html: October 8, 1999
http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32223.pdf : CRS list Feb. 6, 2004
http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm : January 27, 2012
This list compiled by the U.S. Department of State is comprised of foreign organizations that engage in terrorist activity and "threaten the security of U.S. nationals or the national security (national defense, foreign relations, or the economic interests) of the United States." Updated every two years.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Global Terrorism Database (GTD)
http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/
An open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2013 (with annual updates planned for the future). Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 125,000 cases.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Identifying the Links Between White-Collar Crime and Terrorism
https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/209520.pdf
Terrorist activities require funding not only for weaponry, but also for training, travel, and living expenses. As such, terrorists commit many white-collar crimes (e.g., money laundering; identity theft; tax evasion; credit card, insurance, and immigration fraud) to further their goals. This report describes the relationship between white-collar crime and terrorism in a way that helps state and local law enforcement officials and prosecutors recognize and deter terrorist activities. National White Collar Crime Center, April 2005. 94pp.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving Terrorism
http://web.archive.org/web/20011214153636/
http://www.doctrine.quantico.usmc.mil/mcrp/view/mcrp302e/mcrp302e.pdf

A Marine Corps reference publication informs individual Marines, civilian employees, and family members on how terrorism affects them. Provides an overview of terrorism, explains individual protective measures that help recognize and avoid terrorist actions, and provides information that will increase chances of surviving terrorism. Nov. 17, 1999. Still available thanks to the Internet Archive. Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

The International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)
http://www.ict.org.il/
Based in Israel, the ICT has opened a new site that will prove very valuable to anyone researching regional violence or radical groups. The site provides background information and articles dealing with terrorist groups and terrorism, a list of International Terrorist Organizations, a searchable database on Terrorist Attacks, and daily updates on related worldwide events. Additional resources include an internal search engine, annotated links, and information sections on counter-terrorism, the Arab-Israeli conflict, international terrorism and the Institute. Future plans for the site include a Discussion Forum and Hebrew and Arabic translations of several of the main sections. Source: Scout Report for the Social Sciences, April 7, 1998.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Journalist's Toolbox Special Report: 9/11 Terrorist Attack
http://www.journaliststoolbox.com/newswriting/wtccrisis.html
Extensive collection of web links.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

A Look at Terrorist Behavior: How They Prepare, Where They Strike
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/pubs-sum/222900.htm
Some of the most infamous terrorists traveled hundreds of miles to their targets. But is this typical? Researchers examined 60 case studies involving terrorist attacks in the U.S. during the past 25 years to determine where and when terrorists plan incidents, engage in preparatory activities and carry out attacks. Article by Brent Smith, Ph.D., July 2008.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/guidterr/
This report discusses the nature and history of terror; terrorist behaviors, motivations and characteristics; terrorist group organization; assessing terrorist capabilities and intentions; terrorist targeting of U.S. military forces; and the future of terrorism. Source: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Report Number: DCSINT Handbook No. 1. August 2005.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States, First Interim Report
http://www.9-11commission.gov/press/report_2003-07-08.pdf
The First Interim Report from the 9/11 Commission which was commissioned to report on the facts and circumstances surrounding the attacks of September 11, 2001. July 2003.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

National Military Strategic Plan for the War on Terrorism
http://www.cfr.org/terrorism/national-military-strategic-plan-war-terrorism/p9795
Council on Foreign Relations, February 1, 2006.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

National Strategy for Homeland Security
http://www.whitehouse.gov/homeland/book/nat_strat_hls.pdf
This report presents the Administration's national strategy for homeland security -- a comprehensive plan for using America's talents and resources to enhance our protection from and reduce our vulnerability to terrorist attacks. Office of Homeland Security, July 2002.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

OVC Handbook for Coping After Terrorism
A Guide to Healing and Recovery
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/publications/infores/cat_hndbk/welcome.html
U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crimes. Sept. 2001.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Overseas Security Advisory Council
http://www.osac.gov/
Created in 1985 to foster the exchange of information between the U.S. Government and the American private sector, including American colleges and universities, OSAC has become an active partnership to assist American businesses remain competitive and secure in a global economy. Web site provides information about the history of the agency, publications, the OSAC Electronic database (listed separately), and related web links.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Political Violence Against Americans
http://www.state.gov/m/ds/rls/rpt/19691.htm
Formerly called Significant Incidents of Political Violence Against Americans, this web page/report is produced by the Bureau of Diplomatic Security's Office of Intelligence and Threat Analysis (DS/DSS/ITA) to provide readers with a comprehensive picture of the broad spectrum of political violence that American citizens and interests have encountered abroad on an annual basis. The web page contains a copy of the 2002 report as well as earlier reports going back to 1987.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/pflp-gc.htm
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Intelligence Resource Program) hosts this entry describing the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Project Megiddo
http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/lps3578/www.fbi.gov/library/megiddo/megiddo.pdf
Widely reported in the press this week and then released online on November 3, the FBI's report "Project Megiddo" analyzes "the potential for extremist criminal activity in the US by individuals or domestic extremist groups who profess an apocalyptic view of the millennium or attach special significance to the year 2000." Those most likely to commit violent acts, according to the FBI, are either groups motivated by religious beliefs relating to the Apocalypse or New World Order conspiracy theory holders convinced the United Nations has a secret plan to conquer the world. Available in .pdf format only, the report contains a useful introduction and short analyses of groups such as the Christian identity Movement, white supremacists, militias, the Black Hebrew Israelites, and apocalyptic cults. A brief discussion of the potential for violence in Jerusalem, especially at the Temple Mount, is also included.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Protecting the American Heartland: A Preliminary Analysis
http://web.archive.org/web/20040630003510/
http://www.brookings.org/dybdocroot/fp/projects/homeland/fullhomeland.pdf

A million people could die if terrorists launch a biological attack that widely disperses smallpox, anthrax, ebola or other agents, according to a new study that analyzes the damage that could be caused by the use of weapons of mass destruction. Even though such a biological attack was deemed extremely unlikely, a team of scholars from the Brookings Institution said the Bush administration should concentrate homeland security efforts on similar doomsday terrorist scenarios that have the potential for causing the largest numbers of deaths and economic losses, and the greatest psychological damage.
The study estimated that 100,000 people would die if a nuclear bomb hit a major U.S. city and that 10,000 would perish in a successful attack on a nuclear or toxic chemical plant. If weapons of mass destruction were directed against the shipping industry, the report said, the economy could suffer up to $ 1 trillion in losses.
The report is one of the most comprehensive studies since the Sept. 11 attacks, which killed more than 3,000 people at the Pentagon and World Trade Center and in Pennsylvania. The authors, who specialize in economic and foreign policy studies, said they hoped to aid policymakers such as Homeland Security Director Tom Ridge, who is developing a national strategy, figure out where to put resources. Brookings Institution, 2002. 182pp. Still available thanks to the Internet Archives. Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
Also available in paper copy via the MSU Libraries.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Protecting the American Heartland: One Year On
http://web.archive.org/web/20050306160108/
http://www.puaf.umd.edu/faculty/papers/destler/HS-Brook1.03.pdf

Report by Ivo Daalder, Brookings Institution, January 2003. 29pp. Still available thanks to the Internet Archive. Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Protection of Public Facilities against Terrorist Attacks
http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/homeland/overview.php?SID=eiak97qsia7cmo1iurp77oa4d1
Covers public transportation, water utilities, and electric utilities. Carol Y. Wang, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, March 2005.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Red Army Faction
http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/raf.htm
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Intelligence Resource Program hosts this entry describing the history and activities of the Red Army Faction.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Red Brigade
http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/br.htm
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Intelligence Resource Program hosts this entry describing the history, activities, strength, and primary area of operation of the Italian Red Brigade.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Report of the Accountability Review Boards on the Embassy Bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam on August 7, 1998
http://www.state.gov/www/regions/africa/accountability_report.html
"Having completed an extensive review in Washington, Nairobi, and Dar es Salaam, the Boards were most disturbed at two interconnected issues: 1) the inadequacy of resources to provide security against terrorist attacks, and 2) the relative low priority accorded security concerns throughout the US government. . . ." U.S. Department of State. January 1999.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Responding to Terrorism Victims:
Oklahoma City and Beyond
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/pdftxt/NCJ183949.pdf
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/publications/infores/respterrorism/welcome.html
Identifies the special measures needed to protect the rights and meet the needs of victims of a large-scale terrorist attack involving mass casualties. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of the Victims of Crime. October 2000. NCJ183949. Contents: Bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building -- The immediate crisis response -- Postcrisis victim assistance -- The criminal pretrial and trial phases -- Long-term victim needs -- Legal issues pertaining to victims of terrorism -- Recent international terrorism cases -- Lessons learned -- Policy recommendations.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

A Review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons' Selection of Muslim Religious Services Providers
http://www.usdoj.gov/oig/special/0404/final.pdf
A new report issued by the Justice Department's Inspector General calls for system wide changes to help prevent terrorist recruitment in the federal prisons. While the problem is not widespread, the IG found "deficiencies in how the BOP selects and supervises Muslim religious services providers." The report was issued at the request of Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY), who was concerned that the Bureau of Prisons relied on two organizations to recruit Muslim chaplains. He was concerned that those groups were connected to terrorist elements. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General. April 2004. 61pp.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Road Map for National Security: Imperative for Change
http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/nssg/PhaseIIIFR.pdf
In an independent and bipartisan study, the U.S. Commission on National Security (also known as the Hart-Rudman Commission) conducted extensive research on the U.S. national security structure. The final report, released January 31, 2001, emphasizes the dangers that exist even after the Cold War. The U.S. government must adapt to changes wrought by techological advances and globalization in order to secure its prominence in the world, according to the report. Feb. 15,2001. 156pp.
Also see U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century link below.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Security & Terrorism
http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/article_list/9
The links between security, terrorism, and globalization were highlighted vividly by the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C. The hijackers were non-US nationals who worked in the US and even studied to be pilots there - enjoying the mobility and opportunities afforded by globalization. The spread of destabilizing weapons and delivery systems through commercial transactions also demonstrates the dark side of economic integration. But the global reach of terrorist groups has led to the emergence of global cooperation in counter-terrorism. The following articles have been assembled to shed light on these and other related issues.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Significant Incidents of Political Violence Against Americans
see Political Violence Against Americans.

Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism: Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why?
http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/Soc_Psych_of_Terrorism.pdf
In focusing on the types of individuals and groups that are prone to terrorist acts, this study aims to assist in improving U.S. counterterrorist methods and policies. Rex A. Hudson; NCJ 202194. (186 pages). Listed in Magic.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC)
http://www.trackingterrorism.org/what-to-watch
TRAC combines one of the world's largest databases of terrorists, terrorist groups, hate groups and their abettors with original, analytical essays on seminal terrorism topics, profiles of vulnerable regions and cities, and live feed of news and analyses.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Terrorism and U.S. Policy
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB55/index1.html
The first volume contains the documents that our staff experts, led by Dr. Jeffrey Richelson and coordinated by Michael Evans, have selected as the most important available primary sources on U.S. terrorism policy. These materials include CIA biographic sketches of Usama Bin Laden and Taliban leader Mohammad Omar, reports from the Pentagon and the Senate Intelligence Committee on previous terrorist attacks on the USS Cole and the Khobar Towers, the State Department's overview of global terrorism and the FBI's review of terrorism in the U.S. We have included several of the most relevant Congressional Research Service briefs, six of the General Accounting Office's most recent reports on combating terrorism, plus the key policy directives on terrorism from the Pentagon and from Presidents Reagan and Clinton. Volume 1: The September 11th Sourcebooks; National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 55; edited by Jeffrey Richelson and Michael L. Evans, September 21, 2001.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Terrorism: How Vulnerable is the United States
http://web.archive.org/web/20021102153542/www.terrorism.com/terrorism/sloan.shtml
A chapter by Stephen Sloan from From Terrorism: National Security Policy and the Home Front, edited by Stephen Pelletiere, published by The Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, May 1995. Still available thanks to the Internet Archives. Works best with Mozilla Firefox.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Terrorism Update
http://www.adl.org/main_terrorism.asp
A periodic report on international and domestic terrorism from the International Affairs and Civil Rights Division of the Anti-Defamation League. Made possible by a grant from the William and Naomi Gorowitz Institute on Terrorism and Extremism.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Terrorism: U.S. Response to Bombings in Kenya and Tanzania:
A New Policy Direction?
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB55/crs19980901.pdf
Raphael F. Perl. Congressional Research Service Report 98-733F. Updated Sept. 1, 1998.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Terrorist and Insurgent Organizations - al Qaida
http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/tergps/tgaqai.htm
Online bibliography from the Air Force's Air University Library, published in July 2000.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Terrorist Attack on USS Cole:
Background and Issues for Congress
http://news.findlaw.com/cnn/docs/crs/coleterrattck13001.pdf
Raphael F. Perl. Congressional Research Service short report. January 30, 2001.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

This is Baader-Meinhof: Germany in the Post-War Decade of Terror 1968-1977
http://www.baader-meinhof.com/
Focused on the radical leftist Baader-Meinhof Gang, which was responsible for bombings, arson, and kidnappings in Berlin in the 1970s, this Web site illuminates a significant chapter in the history of terrorism. A who's who, guide to terminology, detailed timeline, and lists of print, Web, and media resources are included. Some text is in German only, including the communiques issued by the group, but these sections have background information in English.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

University of Maryland
College of Law
Thurgood Marshall Law Library
Congressional Research Service Reports on Homeland Security/Terrorism
http://www.law.umaryland.edu/marshall/crsreports/index.asp
(Last checked 02/09/15)

U.S. Department of State
Counterterrorism Office
http://www.state.gov/www/global/terrorism/index.html
http://www.state.gov/s/ct/
Provides a list of foreign terrorist organizations, patterns of global terrorism, economic summit statements, significant incidents of political violence against Americans, and other items.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

U.S. Department of State
List of Foreign Terrorist Groups http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._State_Department_list_of_Foreign_Terrorist_Organizations (Last checked 02/09/15)

War on Terrorism Research Guides
http://www.ecu.edu/cs-lib/govdoc/waronterror.cfm
The resources listed below were created, and are currently maintained, by David Durant, Political Science and Government Documents Librarian, Joyner Library, East Carolina University. They provide selected links on various aspects of the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks and subsequent war on terrorism.
(Last checked 02/09/15)

Wikipedia Articles on Terrorism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism
(Last checked 02/09/15)

 

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