NEWS FROM AROUND THE COUNTRY:
MARCH 1997

Table of Contents

  1. Midwinter Highlights from Susan Tulis
  2. More on Midwinter by Clare Beck
  3. FBIS Budget Woes
  4. NTIS v. GPO
  5. House Documents on the Web?
  6. Serial Set Overpriced?


(1) ALA Midwinder Hightlights (Washington, D.C.) from Susan Tulis

As always, the first major Government Documents Round Table meeting was the Federal Documents Task Force (FDTF) update on Saturday, February 15, 1997.

WAYNE KELLEY, Superintendent of Documents, began by talking about the trend to transfer federal government information from the public domain to private ownership. This trend is happening in a number of ways - agencies are establishing exclusive or restrictive distribution arrangements, agencies are charging fees or royalties for the reuse or redissemination of public information, and in some recent cases, government publishers have assisted in transferring copyright to a new owner.

KELLEY then outlined what has happened with the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) (previously a depository title.) For many years this title was procured through GPO. In 1987, GPO worked with NCI to help make it the number one journal in its field. In 1993, NCI began developing a Consolidated Services Program (as part of the National Performance Review) where all their electronic and print information would only be available through an Information Associates Program. In order to get the Journal, an Associates membership at $100/year had to be purchased. In a letter dated January 1997, GPO received notice that the Journal had been privatized - ownership was transferred from NCI to Oxford University Press. Under the terms of a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), the name of the publication will be retained and Oxford will assume all responsibility for printing and will hold copyright of the contents. Since it is no longer a publication of the US government, it is no longer in the FDLP nor being sold by GPO.

This new arrangement raises all sorts of questions - such as who is paying the editorial board - the American taxpayers but the staff is working for Oxford University Press? Is the Press sharing the revenues from the subscription with NCI? Will the copyright prevent a librarian from sending a copy of an article to another librarian?

Unfortunately, this is not an isolated case. KELLEY worries that these cases will become precedents and the precedents will set an irreversible trend. KELLEY doesn't question the motives or the goals of the agency publishers who take this course. They are doing what they feel is right in a new environment which calls for cutting costs and generating revenues. They are seeking to preserve valuable government information.

KELLEY continued by raising all sorts of questions. What if this new trend drives future federal government information policy? The cornerstone of information policy in the United States has been the principle of universal access to federal information. This principle is being set aside without many of the usual checks and balances in our democratic society, without any high level policy debates, without any clear rules, without thought to the unintended consequences and often without full public disclosure of negotiations and agreements. Is all federal information with sufficient demand going to be sent to market? Does it mean a government agency may sell its name as well as the information? Does it mean that a wide array of private sector publishers, people who have taken and widely disseminated public domain information in the past will no longer have access to that information, to add value, to redistribute to many markets, in many different products? Will diversity disappear? Does it mean the public consumer must pay 2 or 3 times as much or more for the same information they were getting before? Does it mean that agency publishers will focus their attention on more popular, marketable information and eliminate other, more significant, but less marketable info? Does it mean that programs authorized by Congress will begin to move away from public needs to focus instead on market needs? Does it mean government employees working at taxpayers expense to support the information requirements of private firms? If it does, isn't that the definition of "welfare"? What if the Journal of the NCI, now owned by Oxford University Press, does not meet the profit goals of the new owner? Who represents the public in a bottom line information era? What is to prevent our nation's bridge to the 21st century from turning into a toll bridge for government information?

In 1989, the late OTA declared that Congressional action "is urgently needed to resolve federal information issues and to set the direction of federal activities for years to come." Now, eight years later, there is talk of some legislation to update the federal information policy to the electronic era. The critical issues at stake today are preservation of official information, public access, government accountability, and an informed electorate.

KELLEY concluded by saying that Americans should not pass up this opportunity to define their own information future. Those best positioned to know the value and the power of information should take the lead. It is not an easy issue for the media because it lacks the essential of hot news. It is more significant than sensational. It is not an easy issue for politicians, because there is no visible crisis and framing sound policy seldom delivers votes. So it may be up to those among us who are reluctant to get out front. Before it is too late, let the debate begin.

GIL BALDWIN, Library Division Chief, reviewed the progress of the transition to a more electronic Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP). He commented that while electronic technology has forever changed how government information is compiled, disseminated, located and used, it has yet to impact on the information policy area.

In the Strategic Plan for the transition, GPO envisioned 4 ways in which GPO could bring electronic government information products into the FDLP. The first was by identifying, describing and linking the public to government information products. GPO is doing this quite well through its Pathway Services, MoCat on the web, and so forth. Two and three, establishing reimbursable agreements with agencies and riding agency requisitions, are a bit more problematic since there are limits to what GPO can pay for. Four, obtaining agency electronic source files for information and making them available through GPO Access services - while workable from a policy perspective, the technical difficulties associated with the files may cause problems, and expensive ones at that.

As GPO works through the various electronic product scenarios, policy situations keep coming up - many of which have to do with interpretations of and compliance with existing laws and regulations.

As GPO exercises its legal authority and the avenues open to it to get content into the FDLP, they are accentuating the positive - agency cooperation with the FDLP, not stressing compliance and enforcement. The issues of compliance and enforcement have the attention and commitment of the Joint Committee on Printing though, which might improve the fugitive information situation.

BALDWIN then gave a status report of the Strategic Plan goals:

BALDWIN closed with some specific initiatives and observations. Work is underway on the next generation draft workstation specifications. A new GPO Access project called "Core Documents of Democracy" is under development. It is a proposal for a basic electronic depository collection, one which will provide American citizens direct online access to the basic Federal government documents that define our democratic society - titles that contain information which is vital to the democratic process and critical to an informed electorate. The library community's concerns about the format and distribution for the bound Serial Set and the bound Congressional Record have been passed on to Congress.

DUNCAN ALDRICH, Electronic Transition Staff (ETS), gave an update on the 4 categories of ETS projects: Pathway services, partnerships, FDLP administration web pages, and sundry projects as assigned. In terms of sundry projects - GPO is cosponsoring a working conference to plan for the preservation of U.S. Department of Agriculture information in digital formats; GPO staff continues to examine various avenues through which to make the enormous number of DOE reports available through the FDLP; and work progresses on the interagency agreement with NCLIS to do an assessment of standards for creation and dissemination and permanent access of electronic government information products.

The FDLP administration web pages continue to be enhanced and expanded to assist depository librarians in the ongoing administration of their collections. The Item Lister, which allows for the creation of an online list of a depository's current item numbers, is now available. Work continues on the creation of a Web form system that will allow depositories to amend their item number selections on the Web.

In terms of partnerships, GPO had already established one oriented toward providing services to assist librarians in their daily depository collection management - partnering with SUNY-Buffalo and UT, Arlington to provide enhanced online shipping lists. A second type of partnership is being developed to provide access to government information products held by FDLP for remote access. The first content partnership - tentatively agreed to in principle by the University of Illinois at Chicago, the Department of State and GPO - has UIC holding for permanent access electronic information products that migrate off the Department of State's Web site.

Another way the skills of the depository library community are contributing to the FDLP is through the Browse Topics Pathway Service. Browse Topics is basically a Web based version of the Subject Bibliography series. So far, 11 librarians have responded to ETS's open invitation to adopt a topic. An addition to Pathway Services, under consideration, is Browse Federal Agencies. This page would provide a list of all Federal agencies and subagencies having Web sites, and link users to those sites. ETS welcomes input on this idea.

T C EVANS, Office of Electronic Information Dissemination Service, summarized their efforts to not only increase the information we have access to, but the things they are doing to make it easier and faster for us to get at this information. GPO is in the enviable position of having put up a service that is extremely popular. As of Feb 1997, they were averaging 3 million document retrievals/month. That figure is expected to double within the next year, partly because of new information on GPO Access.

EVANS acknowledged that they have been experiencing a decrease in response time of the system, due to increased popularity. A complete upgrade of materials and hardware has been undertaken to address this problem. They also need to increase the ability to process input and output in a faster way; this is currently being worked on but there isn't an exact date for completion. GPO was forced to close its web site to other indexers; a regrettable, but necessary action because it was literally bringing the system to a halt. The proposed upgrades should help the situation, but other options are being exploring in the interim.

New materials available on GPO Access: more and more titles of the CFR (13 titles are currently up), CBD net (still a work in progress), the budget information, updated PRF, FLITE database (1934-1976 Supreme Court decisions), annotated Constitution, more current compilation of Privacy Act notices. Things to come - NLRB has asked GPO to put up a web site on their behalf which will provide access to all NLRB decisions. A group is working on preparing a Congressional hearings application for GPO Access. OEIDS is also trying to expand opportunities for training librarians on GPO Access - possibly through OCLC network operations.

SHEILA MCGARR, Depository Services Chief, outlined GPO's outreach activities - tours of LPS, demos of GPO Access, the Interagency Depository Seminar, and the Federal Depository Conference. The revised "Superseded List" and the "Self-Study of a Federal Depository Library" were distributed in October 1996. GPO has already begun using the self-study to evaluate libraries. This spring the depository libraries last inspected in 1991 in ID, IL, LA, MA, MT, NY, TN, TX, and WY will be notified to submit a self-study.

ROBIN HAUN MOHAMED, Depository Administration Branch, announced that while GPO intends to automate the claims process, currently they are not prepared to receive, research, or fill claims in an electronic format. Work continues on clarification of the differences between E, EL, and Online in the "List of Classes" and the "Administrative Notes, Technical Supplement." Essentially, E is being used to indicate the material is available in an electronic format. This means products will be available only in an electronic format, either a tangible format or via an Internet site. When multiple formats are listed, material may be distributed in any of the formats listed. DAB has begun implementing discontinuance of serial publications in a tangible format when an online version is identified. But only after determining that the current web site maintains older issues, and that the new issues are complete. Other resources that are being discontinued are titles included on a tangible product, such as the "Energy InfoDisc." Not all of the titles, just those with lower item selection counts, and that are posted to the Internet in a much more timely manner than they have been sent to libraries in the past.

Some specific examples of titles distributed to depository libraries in an electronic only format are: Methyl Bromide Alternatives, STAT-USA: the Newsletter, BISNIS Bulletin, AFIP Letter, List of Serials Indexed for Online Users, Social Security Programs Throughout the World, Military Review, and the Postal Bulletin.

LPS has been successful in obtaining source files of the "Daily Treasury Statement" for mounting on the GPO Access server for a test project. The product looks good and LPS is working with Treasury to develop a timeline for when the daily paper product can be discontinued. This is a significant achievement because GPO has obtained the source files and can control future retention and access policies for the electronic files.

Possible changes/problems on the horizon - while libraries should have received the first issue of the FBIS on CD-ROM, GPO is unsure if they will be able to continue this product as the software will be changing and GPO doesn't currently have an agreement with the software vendor. The 1996 CIA World Fact Book will not be issued in print - only CD-ROM. The CD-ROM version of the "Historical Statistics of the United States" was done under agreement between the Bureau of the Census and Cambridge University Press. Despite what's in the agreement, depository copies were not made available.

Errors continue to plague the Digital Raster Graphic maps in CD-ROM format. Although USGS has said they will provide a CD-R for LPS to make a master and replicate for distribution to depository libraries, the economics of this situation are tremendous. There are approximately 945 CD-ROMs in the series, the cost of making a master of each is between $350-600 per master, without the replication or distribution costs. As Robin succinctly summarized it - "This is a big step backward for the transition to an electronic FDLP ..."

ROBIN ended on a positive note by saying that the NOAA Tide Tables, the FBIS on CD-ROM, and now the Environmental Health Perspectives, have all continued to be distributed through the FDLP because we asked!

PETER YOUNG, NCLIS Executive Director, and two Commissioners gave a status report on the Interagency Agreement for a "Standards Assessment." NCLIS is talking with the National Academy of Sciences to do the Statement of Work which defines the tasks needed to conduct the assessment. NCLIS is currently searching for a contractor to perform the assessment. Information gathered by NCLIS will be used to help improve public access to government information made available to the FDLP and the general public.

JOHN KAVALIUNAS, Bureau of the Census, gave the agency view from the trenches and hoped that it might put into perspective some of the policy issues talked about earlier. He began by talking about 3 general issues. First, usage of the Internet continues to grow and offers opportunities for agencies to reach a much broader audience than ever before. Census is rapidly moving towards making the Internet their primary means of data dissemination. As a result, they are trying to figure out how to strike a balance between print and electronic media, timeliness versus preservation of material. The Internet is attractive because you don't need a library card to access it and for the most part, access is free.

Second, a concurrent development - one that is at odds with the concept of free Internet - agencies are being asked to recoup more and more revenues through the sale of products.

Third, 1997 is a low point of the decade for Census in terms of new products, so they are taking advantage of the lull to plan for the future and come up with a balance for these often conflicting directions, goals and developments.

In terms of specific things Census is doing:

Some additional features on CENSTATS in March include a geocoding application - the ability to code online street addresses to census tracts and automatically pull up a profile for that census tract. An additional look-up capability for detailed information by product code for imports and exports from the FT 925 will be available, as well as access to many of Census CD-ROM products (USA Counties, County Business Patterns, etc.) CENSTATS will focus on access, rather than data itself. Future developments also planned include access to some historical databases which would include demographic as well as business data. Most of this data is available in various pieces throughout the Internet site; the subscription service will try to pull those pieces together.

Census is working with GPO to provide free access to depository libraries to the subscription service.

KAVALIUNAS clarified that Census never entered into a CRADA with Oxford University Press for the Historical Statistics. Census was approached by Oxford University Press, but it did not work out. He reminded us that free public access is a two edged sword - anybody can take public information and do anything they want with it. Oxford University Press is taking the historical statistics that Census put out years ago and updating it with other public information and coming out with a new Historical Statistics. Census is not involved in the production of this volume at all.

The next big thing on the horizon is the release of 1997 Economic Censuses. The first report is due out in 2 years. Need to be aware that this will be first Census to report its data by the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) - which replaces the SIC code. NAICS geared toward service economy; SIC geared toward manufacturing economy. NAICS Manual is scheduled for a fall release - coming from OMB. Census of Agriculture is no longer part of the Economic Censuses - it has been transferred to the Agriculture Department. Be aware that few printed reports will come from the Economic Censuses - more of information will be available on an Internet compatible format.

The next big watershed is the 2000 Census. A dress rehearsal is scheduled for next year. Keep in mind that there is no guarantee there will be a long form questionnaire, which is where data on income, education, occupation, commuting or housing is gathered. Census does plan produce printed reports from the 2000 Census, but there will be fewer printed reports, CD-ROMS and predefined tables than in 1990.

In summary, KAVALIUNAS said:

  1. They are relying on the Internet as the principle dissemination medium for Census Bureau.
  2. They are making a cautious first step to recover additional revenues through a subscription service that will provide enhanced access to data.
  3. Products are changing to take advantage of some of the capabilities of the different media.
  4. They hope to continue to work with the depository community and GPO to develop solutions to some of the unresolved problems and get our input to make the information more accessible to users.
JUNE GABLE, National Center for Health Statistics, concluded the program with an overview of what information NCHS collects, how they disseminate it, and a demonstration of some of the functions of their new web site (http://www.cdc.gov/nchswww/nchshome.htm).

The first information that comes out from a survey is in the public use data tapes - raw data or microdata. In order to get meaningful numbers you have to use statistical software. Many of the CD-ROMs have raw data as well. There is a software interface on disk and JUNE has developed a demonstration for librarians on how it might be used in a library. If you want a copy of the demonstration - come in on the NCHS query site and ask for "The Joy of Sets."

Odds and Ends

  • ALA President Mary Somerville has established an Inter-Association Working Group to work on developing a detailed outline of a legislative proposal for amending Title 44 of the US Code or at least that part dealing with depository libraries and government information dissemination. GODORT is represented on the working group and will be providing background information and feedback throughout the process. The first meeting was held Feb. 19, with a plan to work intensively over the next few months.

  • GODORT Legislation Committee brought forward 3 resolutions for endorsement in principle: 1) funding Census data collection and access, 2) no-fee access to state and local government legislative and regulatory information, and 3) IFLA, human rights and freedom of expression.

  • GODORT Legislation Committee is working with the Federal Documents Task Force to develop case studies of titles/information no longer in the public domain or not accessible via the FDLP due to privatization, user or access fees, licensing limitations, copyright restrictions, or other situations which inhibit public access. This information will be used by the Inter-Association Working Group, as well as for other purposes to illustrate the erosion of public domain government information.

  • The Government Information Technology Committee is working on a CD-ROM Documentation Project with the following goals: 1) collect and organize documentation for government CD-ROM products; 2) make this documentation available via the GODORT home page; and 3) create and convey minimum-level benchmark standards for documentation.

  • Scanning project just getting underway at the Library of Congress will electronically preserve the Serial Set, beginning with the American State Papers through 1873, and including the papers and debates of the Continental Congress.

  • Rare and Endangered Documents Committee is developing a survey to gather information on the number of volumes missing or unaccounted for in the Serial Set. GPO will distribute through depository boxes.

  • The Center for Research Libraries Task Force on State Documents met during ALA to determine whether the collection 1) be disbanded, 2) be limited to pre-1950 imprints, or 3) be kept intact, despite the prohibitive costs and relative low use.

  • "StateList" - The Electronic Source for State Publication Lists (http://www.law.uiuc.edu/library/check.htm) now includes links to 20 state checklists.

    Source : Susan E. Tulis, University of Virginia, Law School Library, 580 Massie Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903; Phone: 804/924-3504; Fax: 804/982-2232; E-mail: set7c@virginia.edu.


    (2) More on Midwinter by Clare Beck

    Legislation The ALA working group on revision of Title 44 is coordinated by our own Fran Buckley, chair of the Government Information Subcommittee of the ALA Legislation Committee. It will be working intensively over the next few months on a proposal for specific changes in the law regarding depository libraries and government information dissemination. The new chair of the JCP, Sen. John Warner, wants to get bipartisan, bicameral revision in this Congress. His staff seems to be particularly aware of the need for enforcement mechanisms for fugitive documents and dealing with the constitutional issue, perhaps by moving GPO to the Executive. Whether they can actually deal with these issues and the electronic policy issues remains to be seen, of course, but the need for legislative action is recognized.

    NCLIS The liveliest part of the FDTF Update session was the presentation by NCLIS Executive Director Peter Young, Chair Jeanne Simon, and member Joan Challoner. The NCLIS standards project probably will not try to set standards, but will aim to inform Congress and the President about the nature of the problem with lack of technological standards for government information. They made many comments about the current deregulatory assumptions that the private sector will establish standards somehow and the budgetary pressures for simplistic decisions about information dissemination. The two non-librarian NCLIS members expressed great concern about the need for a long, thoughtful electronic transition and their interest in hearing from librarians. Those present responded with concerns we're familiar with: gridlocked government WWW sites, loss of government information "even as we speak", amount of time needed to deal with non-standard CD-ROMs, etc.

    Depository operations Sheila McGarr reported many problems with electronic reporting on the first self-studies. (It will be several years before we in Michigan have to report, fortunately.) Robin Haun-Mohammed mentioned that they hope soon to replace the green card item selections with direct online changes, though additions would still be made only once per year. Since the CIA will not publish the World Factbook in paper, GPO is exploring whether it can publish it on its own.

    BEA data I spoke with a BEA staffer about their cutbacks in statistics and publications. He said the decision makers have the attitude that if data is needed, the public sector can expect the private sector to provide it, so the agency is cutting back to data required by law or somehow related to "national security."

    Source : Clare Beck, Eastern Michigan University, lib_beck@online.emich.edu, GOVDOC-L, March 3, 1997.


    (3) FBIS Budget Woes

    The Foreign Broadcast Information Service of the Central Intelligence Agency exemplifies national intelligence at its best, informing both senior policy makers and the nation as a whole with its daily collection, translation, and publication of thousands of foreign media reports.

    Perversely, however, this unique and invaluable resource has been singled out for significant budget cuts in the fiscal year 1998 budget.

    We have initiated a new webpage -- http://www.fas.org/irp/fbis/index.html -- in an effort to preserve and strengthen FBIS and, more broadly, to promote the interests of non-governmental consumers of intelligence agency products. We invite you to participate by sharing your views on this Federation of American Scientists Statement:

    "Since 1941, the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) has monitored, translated and published foreign broadcasts and press reports from around the world, covering over 3500 publications in 55 foreign languages. This service has been of inestimable value to Executive and Legislative Branch analysts and policy makers, and has been an indispensable resource for scholars, journalists, and non-governmental organizations.

    The importance of FBIS products for members of the public will only increase as our post-cold war society interacts directly, across an ever broader front, with the world FBIS covers.

    Accordingly, we would urge that the FBIS operating budget be increased rather than decreased. Indeed, at a time when the U.S. intelligence community is groping for a vision of its future, the success of the FBIS model suggests that the intelligence community ought to be giving higher priority to serving society as a whole, with a significantly expanded line of unclassified analytic products.

    Source : John Pike, Federation of American Scientists, johnpike@fas.org, GOVDOC-L, January 2, 1997.


    (4) NTIS v. GPO

    Date: Fri, 24 Jan 1997 15:05:07 -0500 (EST)
    From: Policy 
    To: asevetso@library.berkeley.edu
    Subject: GPO's Position on OrderNow
    
    Question: The National Technical Information Service (NTIS) has discontinued its biweekly print catalog, the Government Reports Announcements and Index (GRA&I). Will the replacement CD-ROM product, OrderNow, which is not being procured through GPO, be available to depository libraries?

    Answer: The U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) and NTIS have not reached an agreement to provide OrderNow to selecting depository libraries. The main concern on the part of GPO is what we consider to be a critical policy issue.

    We have been advised by the Director of NTIS that his agency believes it has no legal requirement to provide electronic information products to the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP). Further, NTIS says that unless GPO pays for software licensing, OrderNow will not be made available to depository libraries.

    As a matter of both law and policy, we believe that NTIS has an obligation to deliver this product to the Superintendent of Documents for distribution to depository libraries. This obligation was articulated by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in Circular A-130, Management of Federal Information Resources which, in Section 8a(6)g, states that agencies shall at a minimum "provide electronic information dissemination products to the Government Printing Office for distribution to depository libraries."

    We also hold that NTIS should absorb all of the costs of this product, including software licensing, in accordance with Section 1903 of Title 44, U.S.C., which establishes that "the cost of printing and binding those publications distributed to depository libraries obtained elsewhere than from the Government Printing Office, shall be borne by components of the Government responsible for their issuance."

    Negotiations between GPO and NTIS have been ongoing since NTIS announced termination of its quarterly paper catalog which contains bibliographic citations, abstracts, and ordering information for scientific, technical, and business publications available for purchase from NTIS. NTIS procured the paper catalog through GPO and, as provided by law, GPO paid the cost of depository copies from the Superintendent of Documents' funds appropriated by Congress.

    Negotiations were put on hold after the Director of NTIS made it clear his agency believed it had no legal obligation to provide electronic information publications to the FDLP. A policy review at GPO raised serious concerns that any agreement by GPO to pay the costs of OrderNow software would set a dangerous precedent. GPO strongly believes that Federal Government electronic information should be in the FDLP. Congress and the Executive Branch are rapidly moving from paper to electronic information products.

    GPO is sending to the Joint Committee on Printing, its oversight committee, a letter addressing these issues.

    Source : Andrea Sevetson, University of California, Berkeley, asevetso@library.berkeley.edu, GOVDOC-L, January 24, 1997.


    (5) House Documents on the Web?

    Another House Rules change adopted on January 7 provides that "each committee shall, to the maximum extent feasible, make its publications available in electronic form." Rep. Gerald Solomon (R-NY) explained,"by publications, we intend this to include written committee materials that are otherwise made available to the public. That information ought to appear on the Internet."

    During debate on the Rules, Rep. Vernon Ehlers of Michigan strongly supported this provision. He inserted a statement of clarification in the Congressional Record (p. H22) stating,"I am committed to making all House documents available over the Internet as rapidly as possible. There are still many technical problems involved, as well as political issues to be dealt with...In particular, I believe it absolutely essential that every document available in hard copy also be made available on the Internet at the same time or earlier than the hard copy is available. The Congress owes the public at least that much and preferably more." Source : ALAWON, Vol. 6, No. 5, January 24, 1997.


    (6) Serial Set Overpriced?

    I'm a little bit dismayed. Depository libraries spend at least three times GPO's annual depository program appropriation to service their collections. Depository librarians spend about $100,000 per week of unpaid overtime to do a good job. According to a 1988 survey of depository libraries, they deflected about 250,000 phone calls per week from the federal government by answering the questions themselves.

    Now they are being asked to pay about $8000 per year for the bound Serial Set, one of the longest running government publications, or to accept diazo microfiche which fades in 10-20 years. That's about $120 per bound volume when the contents have already been formatted for printing, the bound sets are already being collated for regionals, and the binding is utilitarian. That cost is actually higher than some of the commercial legal publishers. Somehow this does not compute!

    Are there any commercial publishers reading this listserv who could develop a better price quote?

    Source : Grace York, Coordinator, Documents Center, The University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1205; Phone: (313) 936-2378; Fax: (313) 764-0259; E-Mail: graceyor@umich.edu; GOVDOC-L, January 24, 1997.

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