ODDS AND ENDS : ISSUE 105, SEPTEMBER 2004

A Collection of Web Sites of Possible Interest to Government Documents Librarians

Table of Contents

1.1 Million Homeschooled Students in the United States in 2003
2004 Model Year Rollover Testing
About Elections and Voting
The American Presidency: a Glorious Burden
American Time Use Survey
Army Inspector General Inspection Report on Detainee Operations
Birds, Birds, Birds
Butterflies of North America
Census of Population and Housing : Decennial Censuses
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Adults:
United States, 2002
The Decade of Health Information Technology
DOL's FairPay
Developments in School Finance: 2003
Diploma Mills
Documenting Atrocities in Darfur
ERIC Database Now Available
Fear of Hell Might Fire Up the Economy
Final Report of the Independent Panel to Review DoD Detention Operations
Founding Fathers of American Intelligence
Gender Issues: Women's Participation in the Sciences
globalchange.gov
Homefront Confidential: How the War on Terrorism Affects
Access to Information and the Public's Right to Know

How the Electoral College Works
Improving Health Care: A Dose of Competition
Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2003
International Religious Freedom Report
International Trade: Current Government Data Provide Limited Insight
Into Offshoring of Services
Investigation of Intelligence Activities at Abu Ghraib
Jibjab: Bush versus Kerry
Madison's Treasures
North American Mammals
Michigan Cabinet Action Plan
Michigan Commission on Spanish Speaking Affairs (COSSA)
Michigan Prescription Drug Discount Card
Michigan License/Registration Verification
Michigan Supreme Court Learning Center
Monograph on 9/11 and Terrorist Travel
Monograph on Terrorist Financing
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States
(9-11 Commission) Final Report
National Museum of the American Indian
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Photo Library
Nonindigenous Aquatic Species
Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Climate Change Science Program
An Outline of the U.S. Economy
Personal Medical Records
Progress and Challenges in Securing the Nation's Cyberspace
Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004
READYBusiness
A Review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons'
Selection of Muslim Religious Services Providers
Violence-Related Behaviors Among High School Students :
United States, 1991--2003
Violent Victimisation of College Students
Women's Health and Mortality Chartbook
World Drug Report (2004)

Google
WWW http://www.lib.msu.edu/harris23/red_tape/

1.1 Million Homeschooled Students in the United States in 2003
http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004115
This brief uses data from the 2003 National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES) to estimate the number of homeschooled students in the United States in 2003 and to discuss the reasons parents decide to homeschool their children. The brief also shows that the number of homeschoolers, and the proportion of the student population they represent, has increased since 1999.
(Last checked 08/06/04)

2004 Model Year Rollover Testing
http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/nhtsa/announce/
press/pressdisplay.cfm?year=2004&filename=pr34-04.html

Offers ratings on the likelihood of rollovers by passenger cars, vans, sport utility vehicles, and pickup trucks. From the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

About Elections and Voting
http://www.fec.gov/elections.html
The site has been developed by the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) to help citizens better understand the election process, the laws governing elections and voting in our Country and to provide statistics and results on Voter registration and turnout in the United States in the last 60 plus years. The site also provides details on how the Electoral College works in U.S. Presidential Elections and describes the laws which control the whole U.S. Federal Election process.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

The American Presidency: a Glorious Burden
http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/home.html
This is the Web-based companion page for an exhibition at the Smithsonian which was originally shown in the fall of 2000. "With the opening of "The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden," the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History brings together for the first time objects that represent the lives and times of the country’s 42 presidents. The exhibition opens on Wednesday, Nov. 15 [2000]. To tell the story of the American presidency, the National Museum of American History, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., will feature a range of new media and interactive experiences. The key storytellers, however, are the more than 900 artifacts on view in "The American Presidency," most drawn from the museum’s holdings of more than 3 million objects, by far the largest collection of its kind in the nation." This online site has been updated beyond the limits of the original exhibition by including information and artifacts for the man elected in November of 2000, George W. Bush. Source: El Dorado County Library What's Hot on the Internet, Week of August 2, 2004.
(Last checked 08/06/05)

American Time Use Survey
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/atus.pdf
Employed men work an hour more per day than employed women, but the women spend an hour more per day on household chores and caring for household members. These were findings in the first ever federal agency survey of how Americans spend their time, including work, household and leisure activities. From a press release of the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Army Inspector General Inspection Report on Detainee Operations
http://www4.army.mil/ocpa/reports/ArmyIGDetaineeAbuse/index.html
On February 10, 2004, the Acting Secretary of the Army directed the Department of the Army Inspector General (DAIG) to conduct an assessment of detainee operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. This inspection was not an investigation of any specific incidents or units but rather a comprehensive review of how the Army conducts detainee operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. The DAIG found the Army is accomplishing its mission in detainee operations and the overwhelming majority of our leaders and Soldiers understand and adhere to the requirements for proper treatment of detainees.
(Last checked 07/23/04)

Birds, Birds, Birds
http://birds.fws.gov/
"Home Page of the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Birds Pages, a bureau in the Department of the Interior. Our mission is, working with others, to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people." Source: El Dorado County Library What's Hot on the Internet, Week of August 2, 2004.
(Last checked 08/06/05)

Butterflies of North America
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/lepid/bflyusa/bflyusa.htm
The descriptive profiles at this United States Geological Survey site include facts about each butterfly and its habitat, photos of caterpillars and adult butterflies, and species distribution maps. Trying to identify a specific butterfly? Start by browsing the photo thumbnails.
(Last checked 07/22/04)

Census of Population and Housing : Decennial Censuses
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/index.htm
"Census of Population and Housing data present here ranges from our most recent census to the historical decennial census conducted throughout the decades. Some of the data were scanned as an effort to make historical census information available to the public. The display of data will continue as historical census records become available."
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Adults: United States, 2002
http://nccam.nih.gov/news/report.pdf
Tired of doctors and traditional medicine? 36% of U.S. adults use some form of alternative medicine for healing purposes according to this survey conducted by the National Institutes of Health. The figure increases to 62% if prayer is included in the definition of complementary and alternative therapies. Besides prayer, natural products, deep breathing, and yoga are the leading medical alternatives. Source: Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics, no. 343, May 27, 2004.
(Last checked 07/28/04)

The Decade of Health Information Technology:
Delivering Consumer-centric and Information-rich Health Care
Framework for Strategic Action
http://www.hhs.gov/onchit/framework/hitframework.pdf
On July 21st HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson released the first outline of a 10-year plan to build a national electronic health information infrastructure in the United States. The report lays out the broad steps needed to achieve always-current, always-available electronic health records (EHR) for Americans. This responds to the call by President Bush this year to achieve EHRs for most Americans within a decade. The report identifies goals and action areas, as well as a broad sequence needed to achieve the goals, with joint private/public cooperation and leadership. The report was prepared by National Coordinator for Health Information Technology David J. Brailer, M.D., Ph.D., appointed in May to the new position created by the President in an April executive order. 178pp.
(Last checked 07/27/04)

Developments in School Finance: 2003
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2004/2004325.pdf
This report contains papers presented at the 2003 annual NCES Summer Data Conference. The scholars' papers address teacher turnover; financing urban schools; the costs of improving student performance; distinguishing good schools from bad in principle and practice; an evaluation of the efficacy of state adequacy and equity indicators; school finance reform in Vermont; and school accountability. National Center for Education Statistics 2004325. August 2004.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Diploma Mills : Diploma Mills Are Easily Created and Some Have Issued
Bogus Degrees to Federal Employees at Government Expense

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d041096t.pdf
Yes, there really is a company operating on the Internet as Degrees-R-Us, and GAO auditors purchased bogus degrees from a fictitious university from the company, according to Robert J. Cramer, who testified before the House Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness, Committee on Education and the Workforce. The GAO also set up its own diploma mill and was able to obtain certification from the Department of Education to enroll in the Federal Family Education Loan Program. Finally, GAO auditors determined that some senior-level federal employees have obtained degrees from diploma mills, though specific numbers couldn't be determined. U.S. Government Accountability Office, Sept. 23, 2004. 9pp.
(Last checked 09/24/04)

Documenting Atrocities in Darfur
http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/36028.htm
A Department of State report, based on interviews with refugees in Chad, about the situation in Darfur. The report blames the Government of Sudan and Arab militias for a pattern of atrocities committed against non-Arab village dwellers in the Darfur region.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

DOL's FairPay
http://www.dol.gov/esa/regs/compliance/whd/fairpay/
As you may have heard in the news this week, the rules governing overtime pay have been radically revised by a recently enacted set of Federal Law changes. Does this benefit the worker or the employer? Does it even the playing field between the employer's need for flexibility in the workplace in order to compete and the worker's traditional right to an 8 hr/day, 40-hour work week? This DOL site provides an online video seminar on the overtime changes and several fact sheets explaining the new rules. NOTE: in some States, state law supercedes the new Federal mandates.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

ERIC Database Debuts
http://www.eric.ed.gov/
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education, produces the world’s premier database of journal and non-journal education literature. The new ERIC online system, released September 2004, provides the public with a centralized ERIC Web site for searching the ERIC bibliographic database of more than 1.1 million citations going back to 1966. Effective October 1, more than 107,000 full-text non-journal documents (issued 1993-2004), previously available through fee-based services only, will be available via the database for free.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Fear of Hell Might Fire Up the Economy
http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/2004/c/pages/fear_of_hell.html,
"Economists have long been interested in why some countries are rich and why some countries are poor. Differences in labor productivity, inflation, and saving and investment rates are traditional economic explanations for variations in wealth across countries. But when these explanations fall short, researchers sometimes turn to noneconomic factors. Two such factors are a country’s legal and social institutions. Religious factors can also help explain variations in economic growth, many economists are increasingly finding. In particular, in countries where large percentages of the population believe in hell, there seem to be less corruption and a higher standard of living." Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis (Regional Economist), July 2004; Gary Price, ResourceShelf's DocuTicker, July 27, 2004.
(Last checked 07/28/04)

Final Report of the Independent Panel to Review DoD Detention Operations
Also known as the Schlesinger Report
http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Aug2004/d20040824finalreport.pdf
The Schlesinger Commission (including James Schlesinger, Defense Secretary under Nixon and Ford; Harold Brown, Defense secretary under President Carter; former Republican Rep. Tillie Fowler of Florida; and retired Air Force Gen. Charles Horner, commander of the 1991 Iraq air war, released its findings on the Abu Ghraib prison scandal to current Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld and the public on Aug. 24. This report describes the role military intelligence units and contractors supporting them played in the abuses. Two former Defense secretaries who investigated U.S. treatment of Iraqi prisoners had harsh words for top Pentagon leaders — both for crafting a faulty war plan and for failing to react swiftly when the plan began to unravel. This second investigation also implicated Defense contractors more deeply than did an April report that first unveiled widespread prisoner mistreatment. August 2004. 126pp.
(Last checked 08/30/04)

Founding Fathers of American Intelligence
http://www.cia.gov/csi/books/940299/art-1.html
This booklet identifies the Revolutionary War leaders involved in the three basic elements of the intelligence discipline: intelligence collection, counterintelligence, and covert action, and provides a brief overview of their activities in these fields. Central Intelligence Agency, Center for the Study of Intelligence, 1999.
(Last checked 08/05/04)

Gender Issues: Women's Participation in the Sciences Has Increased,
but Agencies Need to Do More to Ensure Compliance with Title IX
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04639.pdf
"Women’s participation in the sciences has increased substantially in the last three decades, especially in the life sciences, such as biology. The proportion of women science students has grown, but to a lesser extent at the graduate level than the undergraduate level. Meanwhile, the proportion of faculty in the sciences who are women has also increased, but they still lag behind men faculty in terms of salary and rank. However, studies indicate that experience, work patterns, and education levels can largely explain these differences. Studies also suggest that discrimination may still affect women’s choices and professional progress." Gary Price, ResourceShelf's DocuTicker, July 27, 2004.
(Last checked 07/28/04)

globalchange.gov
Also called U.S. Global Change Data and Information System
http://www.globalchange.gov
A gateway to global change and data information provided by the U.S. government. The main goal of the site is to enable interagency data management and sharing. By following the "full and open policy," government-funded, high-quality data directly related to global change is made available to participating government agencies as well as to nongovernment researchers, educators, and the public. Databases can be searched in a variety of ways, including author, title, year, discipline, and government agency. They also can be queried via data center, which includes a list of more than 100 government, university, and long-term-ecological-research data sites. Though many databases are US-centered, many have a global focus; links to 31 international global change sites provide additional avenues for locating international information. Globalchange.gov also includes direct links to associated government programs, publications addressing global change, and policy information.
"Ask Dr. Global Change" helps users access data to answer specific global change questions; information specialists from participating agencies strive to answer such questions within three days. This section of the site also contains an archive of questions and answers, and links to sites providing basic information about global change. Source: Choice Reviews, July 2004.
(Last checked 09/14/04)

Homefront Confidential: How the War on Terrorism Affects
Access to Information and the Public's Right to Know

http://www.rcfp.org/homefrontconfidential/
"In the days immediately following September 11, the U.S. government embarked on an (sic) disturbing path of secrecy. The atmosphere of terror induced public officials to abandon this country's culture of openness and opt for secrecy as a way of ensuring safety and security.... In our first Homefront Confidential White Paper in March 2002, we argued that no one has demonstrated that an ignorant society is a safe society. Citizens are better able to protect themselves and take action when they know the dangers they face. That principle applies more than ever today. But in the three years since September 11, an astonishing amount of information has been taken away from the American people." This report has been developed by The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press and reflects their concern about the possible abridgment of these Constitutionally-protected citizen rights. 5th edition, Sept. 2004. Source: Reporters Committee for the Freedom of the Press.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

How the Electoral College Works
http://www.fec.gov/pages/ecworks.htm
What happens if the electoral college vote ends in a tie? A brief overview from the FEC.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Improving Health Care: A Dose of Competition
http://www.ftc.gov/reports/healthcare/040723healthcarerpt.pdf
"Culminating a two-year project, the report reviews the role of competition and provides recommendations to improve the balance between competition and regulation in health care. The report provides significant recommendations and observations on a variety of topics, including the availability of information regarding the price and quality of health-care services; cross-subsidies; physician collective bargaining; insurance mandates; hospital merger analysis; managed care organizations' bargaining power; and hospital group purchasing organizations." Source: U.S. Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice; Gary Price, ResourceShelf's DocuTicker, July 27, 2004.
(Last checked 07/28/04)

Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2003
http://www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/p60-226.pdf
Census Bureau reports increase in number of people in poverty, P60-226, August 2004.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

International Religious Freedom Report
http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2004/
Latest in an annual series. Examines barriers to religious freedom, notes countries where religious freedom conditions have improved, and describes U.S. actions to promote international religious freedom. From the State Department.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

International Trade: Current Government Data Provide Limited Insight

Into Offshoring of Services
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04932.pdf
Attempts to describe the process of exporting American jobs in services, such as software programming and call centers, overseas. Also looks at the limitations of existing government data to track such activity and the possible future effect on the American economy. From the Government Accountability Office.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Investigation of Intelligence Activities at Abu Ghraib
Also known as the Fay Report
http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Aug2004/d20040825fay.pdf
Another recent report criticizing intelligence practices at Abu Ghraib.
(Last checked 09/01/04)

Jibjab: Bush versus Kerry
www.jibjab.com
You can tell it's the campaign season. Humorous site featuring Bush versus Kerry for President. Contributed by Marilyn Edenfield, the Red Tape editor's sister-in-law.
(Last checked 07/22/04)

Madison's Treasures
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/madison/
"The documents presented here are among the most significant Madison holographs in the Library of Congress' James Madison collection, the largest single collection of original Madison documents in existence. The majority of these documents relates to two seminal events in which Madison played a major role: the drafting and ratification of the Constitution of the United States (1787-8) and the introduction (1789) in the First Federal Congress of the amendments that became the Bill of Rights." Other documents relate to the freedom of religion, a cause to which Madison was passionately devoted, and to the burning of Washington, D.C., by the British in 1814--perhaps the major embarrassment of Madison's political career. Also included is family and autobiographical information written in Madison's hand.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Michigan Cabinet Action Plan
http://www.michigan.gov/cabinetplan/
This website has been designed so that you have the ability to see how Michigan Government is currently doing. We are sharing our major goals and performance at the statewide level, as well as department by department. It's a window on Michigan state government performance, and a tool for ensuring greater citizen participation, feedback and accountability. Governor Granholm.
(Last checked 09/22/04)

Michigan Commission on Spanish Speaking Affairs (COSSA)
http://www.michigan.gov/cossa
Spanish-speaking people make up the second-largest and fastest-growing minority group in Michigan. The Commission on Spanish Speaking Affairs develops policies and plans to serve the needs of Michigan's Spanish-speaking people. COSSA will be celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept 15-Oct 15).
(Last checked 08/09/04)

Michigan Prescription Drug Discount Card
http://www.michigan.gov/gov/0,1607,7-168--100874--,00.html
Michigan prescription card offers savings for middle, low income residents. Michigan Newswire, Sept. 21, 2004.
(Last checked 09/22/04)

Michigan License/Registration Verification
http://cis.state.mi.us/bcs_free/default.asp
Consumers can check to see if doctors, real estate agents, and other professionals are licensed by the state with this new Internet program, including the license date and the license status. Licenses that can be checked include dentists, builders, veterinarians, nursing home operators, accountants, barbers, social workers, chiropractors, optometrists, pharmacists, and therapists. Courtesy of the Michigan Department of Labor and Economic Growth, Bureau of Commercial Services, Division of Licensing.
(Last checked 08/09/04)

Michigan Supreme Court Learning Center
http://www.courts.michigan.gov/plc/
The Michigan Supreme Court Learning Center has been open to the public since November 1, 2002. This 3,800 sq. ft. public education center was designed to introduce children (fourth grade up) and adults to the Michigan court system. The Learning Center is filled with activities including an introductory video, computer programs, push-button programs and traditional wall text panels.
(Last checked 07/20/04)

Monograph on 9/11 and Terrorist Travel
http://www.9-11commission.gov/staff_statements/
One of two staff reports issued by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States following the release of the Commission's Final Report.
(Last checked 09/27/04)

Monograph on Terrorist Financing
http://www.9-11commission.gov/staff_statements/
One of two additional staff reports from the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States following the release of the Commision's Final Report. Analyzes how the terrorists raised, moved, and used money to finance the attack and how financial institutions can block such tactics. Was Cat Stevens involved?
(Last checked 09/27/04)

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9-11 Commission)
Final Report
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/911/index.html
According to the Washington Post, "the final report is a document of historic breadth and almost unprecedented detail, offering the sort of examination of a highly classified subject that customarily would not be possible for decades after the fact. From the findings of spy agencies to the tactics of fighter pilots, from the conversations of heads of state to the verbatim texts of secret presidential briefings, this is the government laid bare."
(Last checked 07/23/04)

National Museum of the American Indian
http://www.americanindian.si.edu/
Check out the Smithsonian's newest museum.
(Last checked 09/24/04)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Photo Library
http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/
"(T)he NOAA collection includes thousands of weather and space images, hundreds of images of our shores and coastal seas, and thousands of marine species images ranging from the great whales to the most minute plankton." According to NOAA's home page, there are currently about 30,000 pictures here. Browse the individual photo albums or catalogs of images, or search by keyword. Images are available from these collections:

  • The National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL)
  • National Weather Service Historical Image Collection
  • The National Undersea Research Program (NURP)
  • Sailing for Science - the NOAA Fleet Then and Now
  • Flying With NOAA
  • NOAA in Space
  • Paths Less Taken - NOAA at the Ends of the Earth
  • Small World ("imagery from far away and exotic locations")
  • NOAA's Ark (animals)
  • The Coral Kingdom
  • Sanctuaries (National Marine Sanctuaries)
  • National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERR)
  • America's Coastlines
  • NOAA Restoration Center
  • Fisheries
  • National Marine Fisheries Historical Image Collection
  • Geodesy - Measuring the Earth (under construction)
  • Coast & Geodetic Survey Historical Image Collection
  • Treasures of the Library ("works of art, oddities and more!")
  • Beginnings & Endings (sunrises, sunsets, moonbeams and moonshine)
    Source: Grary Price's ResourceShelf, Sept. 2, 2004.
    (Last checked 09/03/04)

    Nonindigenous Aquatic Species
    http://nas.er.usgs.gov/
    Want to track the spread of those pesky zebra mussels? Welcome to the Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) information resource for the United States Geological Survey. Located at the Center for Aquatic Resource Studies, this site has been established as a central repository for accurate and spatially referenced biogeographic accounts of nonindigenous aquatic species. Provided are scientific reports, online/realtime queries, spatial data sets, regional contact lists, and general information. The data is made available for use by biologists, interagency groups, and the general public. The geographical coverage is the United States.
    (Last checked 09/27/04)

    North American Mammals
    http://web4.si.edu/mna/
    Welcome to the National Museum of Natural History's North American Mammals web site. This is a searchable database of all living mammals of North America. This site is based on The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals, by Don E. Wilson and Sue Ruff (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1999) and Mammals of North America, by Roland W. Kays and Don E. Wilson (Princeton University Press, 2002).
    (Last checked 09/27/04)

    Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Climate Change Science Program
    for Fiscal Years 2004 and 2005

    A Report by the Climate Change Science Program
    and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research.

    A Supplement to the President’s Fiscal Year 2004 and 2005 Budgets
    http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/Library/ocp2004-5/default.htm
    In a striking shift in the way the Bush administration has portrayed the science of climate change, a new report to Congress focuses on federal research indicating that emissions of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases are the only likely explanation for global warming over the last three decades. The new report is accompanied by a letter signed by Mr. Bush's secretaries of energy and commerce and his science adviser. Source: Cindi Wolff, GOVDOC-L, Aug. 26, 2004.
    (Last checked 08/26/04)

    An Outline of the U.S. Economy
    http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/oecon/
    "The United States entered the 21st century with an economy that was bigger, and by many measures more successful, than ever. Not only had it endured two world wars and a global depression in the first half of the 20th century, but it had surmounted challenges ranging from a 40-year Cold War with the Soviet Union to extended bouts of sharp inflation, high unemployment, and enormous government budget deficits in the second half of the century.... As in earlier periods, however, the United States had been undergoing profound economic change at the beginning of the 21st century. A wave of technological innovations in computing, telecommunications, and the biological sciences were profoundly affecting how Americans work and play. At the same time, the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, the growing economic strength of Western Europe, the emergence of powerful economies in Asia, expanding economic opportunities in Latin America and Africa, and the increased global integration of business and finance posed new opportunities as well as risks." This report, released by the U.S. Department of State, charts the challenges and risks facing Americans and their economic well-being. "This book examines how the American economy works, and explores how it evolved." Source: El Dorado County Library What's Hot on the Internet, Week of August 2, 2004.
    (Last checked 08/06/04)

    Personal Medical Records
    http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/personalmedicalrecords.html
    A compilation of information on privacy issues relating to medical records including overview, law and policy, and related issues. From the National Library of Medicine's Medline PLus series.
    (Last checked 09/27/04)

    Progress and Challenges in Securing the Nation's Cyberspace
    http://www.dhs.gov/interweb/assetlibrary/OIG_CyberspaceRpt_Jul04.pdf
    The Department of Homeland Security's efforts to battle computer-network and Internet attacks by hackers and other cyber-criminals suffer from a lack of coordination, poor communication and a failure to set priorities. The National Cyber Security Division "must address these issues to reduce the risk that the critical infrastructure may fail due to cyber attacks." "The resulting widespread disruption of essential services after a cyber attack could delay the notification of emergency services, damage our economy and put public safety at risk." Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General Report 04-29. July 2004. 36pp.
    (Last checked 07/23/04)

    Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004
    http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32500.pdf
    A timely topic. Reviews the many proposals for intelligence community reorganization that have come from commissions and committees in the 50+ years since the National Security Act of 1947 created the present structure. Also covers the trends in American foreign policy and the international environment which inspired the proposals. Written by Richard A. Best, Jr., Congressional Research Service, July 29, 2004 and posted by the Federation of American Scientists.
    (Last checked 08/06/04)

    READYBusiness
    http://www.ready.gov/business/index.html
    The U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the Advertising Council launched the Ready Business campaign on September 23, 2004. This extension of Homeland Security's successful Ready campaign, which has helped millions of individuals and families prepare for emergencies, focuses on business preparedness. Ready Business helps owners and managers of small to medium-sized businesses prepare their employees, operations and assets in the event of an emergency.
    (Last checked 09/27/04)

    A Review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons' Selection of Muslim Religious Services Providers
    http://www.watchingjustice.org/pub/doc_225/Muslim%20Service%20Providers.pdf
    A new report issued by the Justice Department's Inspector General calls for system wide changes to help prevent terrorist recruitment in the federal prisons. While the problem is not widespread, the IG found "deficiencies in how the BOP selects and supervises Muslim religious services providers." The report was issued at the request of Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY), who was concerned that the Bureau of Prisons relied on two organizations to recruit Muslim chaplains. He was concerned that those groups were connected to terrorist elements. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General. April 2004. 61pp.
    (Last checked 08/30/04)

    Violence-Related Behaviors Among High School Students : United States, 1991--2003
    http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5329a1.htm
    Homicide and suicide are responsible for approximately one fourth of deaths among persons aged 10--24 years in the United States (1). Two of the national health objectives for 2010 are to reduce the prevalence of physical fighting among adolescents to <32% and to reduce the prevalence of carrying a weapon by adolescents on school property to <4.9% (objective nos. 15-38 and 15-39) (2). To examine changes in violence-related behaviors among high school students in the United States during 1991--2003, CDC analyzed data from the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicated that most violence-related behaviors decreased during 1991--2003; however, students increasingly were likely to miss school because they felt too unsafe to attend. In addition, in 2003, nearly one in 10 high school students reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property during the preceding 12 months. Schools and communities should continue efforts to establish physical and social environments that prevent violence and promote actual and perceived safety in schools.
    (Last checked 07/30/04)

    Violent Victimization of College Students
    http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/vvcs00.htm
    Examines the incidents of college student victimization and compares the findings to persons of similar age in the general population. In addition, the report determines the extent to which student victimization occurs in campus and off-campus locations and settings, as well as the prevalence of alcohol and drugs in student victimizations. December 2003.
    (Last checked 07/23/04)

    Women's Health and Mortality Chartbook
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/statab/chartbook.htm
    "Prepared by the HHS Office on Women's Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the report ranks each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico in 27 indicators, including major causes of death, health risk factors, preventive care, and health insurance coverage. The chartbook maps each indicator so that state and regional patterns can be discerned." Source: Gary Price's ResourceShelf, Sept. 2, 2004.
    (Last checked 09/03/04)

    World Drug Report (2004)
    http://www.unodc.org/unodc/world_drug_report.html
    From the Press Release: "Approximately three per cent of the world population (185 million people) have abused drugs during the previous 12 months, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). A small percentage of the world population abuses cocaine (13 million people) or opiates (15 million abusers of heroin, morphine and opium). By far the most widely abused substance is cannabis (used at least once a year by over 150 million people), followed by the amphetamine-type stimulants -- ATS (38 million users, among them eight million users of ecstasy). These figures were presented today by UNODC in a two-volume World Drug Report. The first volume covers market trends and provides in-depth trend analyses while the second volume compiles detailed statistics on the worldwide drug market.
    The World Drug Report 2004 provides a comprehensive picture of the global drug trends, presenting supply (production and trafficking) and demand statistics. The analysis chapter presents the four main illicit drug markets, with trend information regarding production, trafficking and abuse of opium/heroin; coca/cocaine; cannabis and ATS. The section on statistics provides figures for each country. The two-volume report merges the former Global Illicit Drug Trends publication and the World Drug Report. The consolidation of the two reports, according to UNODC, was designed to increase the breadth of analytical coverage, while maintaining the annual frequency of statistical output.
    Also provides links to the 1997 and 2000 World Drug Reports.
    (Last checked 08/10/04)

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