An A-Z of African Studies on the Internet 

Part N-R2 


Back to: A-Z of African Studies

Nika (African people)


The kaya (Online Database for Mijikenda Culture) 


Kaya Archives/Johann Ludwig Krapf (1810-1881): A Selected Bibliography (English & Japanese)


Nile -- Description and travel


The Nile Tributaries of Abyssinia, and the Sword Hunters of the Hamran Arabs by Samuel White Baker (1884) Project Gutenberg (March 2000)


see also Unile 

N'ko language


Introduction to N'KO by Christopher Wyrod, George Washington University. H0ow to read and write N'Ko, historical background.

Kanjamadi. A site for those who can read N'Ko by Mamadi Baba Diane.

Nko. Brief data on th eN'ko alphabet by Chris Culy, University of iowa.

N'ko Institute. "This page is dedicated to the exploration of N'Ko, and all the speakers of the "Clear Language" of Manden. It is dedicated to them, their history, Language, culture, and to all the students and teachers of N'Ko throughout the world."... Includes "learn N'ko", N'Ko books etc.

Nkrumah, Kwame (political leader of Ghana and Pan-Africanist)

Kwame Nkrumah Information and Resource Site (includes access to speeches, articles on Nkrumah specifically and Pan-Africanism (members only)

Nokoko iopen-access journal promoting dialogue, discourse and debate on Pan-Africanism, Africa, and Africana. 

Noma Award for Publishing in Africa 

Professor Djibril Samb's speech at the Noma Award, Perth 1999  (in English and French)

Nomads--Africa, Northeastern--History, Ancient

The Development of Nomadism in Ancient Northeast Africa by Karim Sadr (University of Pennsylvania Press  Philadelphia) [full-text]

Non-European unity Movement (South Africa)

Baruch Hirson, A SHORT HISTORY OF THE NON-EUROPEAN UNITY MOVEMENT. - AN INSIDER'S VIEW Analysis of small left and black nationalist movement in the 1940s-80s.

Nordic Documentation on Liberation Struggle in Southern Africa Includes archive inventories, personal stories, links. The Nordic Africa Institute in Uppsala, Sweden, is responsible for the site.

Nordic Journal of African Studies Full-text PDFs of most issues, from vol. 3 2001-

Nordiska Afrikainstitutet (Uppsala, Sweden)

North African sites: see


Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)

Norwegian Council for Africa:

Northwestern University Program of African Studies at Northwestern University:

Northwestern University Library online catalog is


Notes africaines (revue trimestrielle d'information et de
vulgarisation,  le dernier numéro paru est le n°195). 
Directeur de publication: Djibril SAMB


NotMoc - Notícias de Moçambique [online] - electronic newspaper of Mozambique To subscribe to NotMoc, News of Mozambique, send e-mail to:  subscribe NotMoc YourFirstName LastName  editor:

Ntama journal of African music and popular culture. Johannes Gutenberg-Universität.(2001-)


Nuafrica a discussion group on African affairs (largely inactive by 2002). To Subscribe, send e-mail to: In the message area put: sub nuafrica YourFirstName LastName



Nubia discussion list: 
type: sub nubia name or email Hasan El-Melik D03N00@sakus00


NUBIA - "Its glory and its people" 1987 EXHIBITION: BROCHURE, 1987 Presented by: THE ORIENTAL INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO and the OAK WOODS CEMETERY ASSOCIATION In the Tower of Memories, Oak Woods Cemetery, Chicago


Nubian languages -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc.


Carradori, Arcangiolo, frater, fl. 17th cent. Arcangelo Carradori's Dictionary of 17th Century Kenzi Nubian, edited with an English translation by Professor Jay Spaulding. "This is an important source for Nubian history and linguistics during the age of transition from medieval Christendom to modern Islam. Once available in limited edition, it has long been out of print."--editor. at:


Nuer field notes "The Nuer Field Notes Project ... goal is to preserve and make accessible a set of linguistic field notes recorded by Eleanor Vandevort, who was a missionary in the South Sudan between 1949 and 1963." By Marion Frank-Wilson and Edward Miner

Nyakyusa Homepage

Nyasanet [see also Malawi]

Nyerere, Julius Kambarage  (1922-1999), president of Tanzania (1964-85). 


NYERERE. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition.

Julius Nyerere, lifelong learning and informal education

Julius Kambarage Nyerere

On Education

Julius Nyerere, lifelong learning and informal education


Daily Mail&Guardian: Tanzania mourns Nyerere  WAMBUI CHEGE reports

Daily Mail&Guardian: We talked freedom; Nyerere acted CAMERON DUODU eulogises....

A Great Teacher and Devoted African Leader

In memoriam: Julius Nyerere by Jerry Atkin - Global Eyes

Jubilee 2000: International Tribute to Mwalimu Julius Nyerere

[ tributes from South Africa: ANC, COASTU...]:


Nyerere and solidaity with South Africans/ANC

Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation



OAU (Organizatino of African Unity)--History

Creation of the OAU "Site devoted to the creation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)"

OAU Population Newsletter (Online).Addis Ababa: Organization of African Unity, Economic Research Planning & Population Division, Economic Development & Cooperation Dept., 1993-

Ogoni People of Nigeria

Ogoni Fact Sheet


The Botswana Society "The Botswana Society is the learned society of Botswana. It publishes the annual journal Botswana Notes and Records and various books, including the proceedings of a series of conferences held under the Society's auspices."

Expedition Okavango: Acquatic Rapid Assessment Program in Botswana's Okavango Delta (Conservation International)

International Rivers Network Okavango Delta Campaign

IUCN Botswana Country Office country office for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).

Kalahari Conservation Society aims "to promote knowledge of Botswana's rich wildlife and its environment through education and publicity to encourage and in some cases finance research into issues affecting these resources and their conservation to promote and support policies of conservation towards wildlife and its habitat."

Okavango Wildlife Society

Okavango Peoples Wildlife Trust "community conservation NGO based in Maun, Botswana. It has the support of the local community as represented by the Paramount Chief of the Batawana and its Kgotla. It works to protect the dwindling natural resources of the Okavango region and promote the sustainable development of local communities through wise use of ecosystems and active participation of local people in the wildlife industry."

Population, Development, and Environment in Botswana, Mozambique, and Namibia
Online modeling.

The Water Page: The Okavango (Links to reports regarding cooperative management of the Okavango River water resources by Botswana and Namibia)


Map of Okavango



"Economic Development and Cultural Change among the Okavango Delta Peoples of Botswana" by John Bock, in Botswana Notes and Records, Vol. 30 pp.27-44, 1998 [full-text scholarly article]

Hunter-Gatherers in Transition: The Conceptualization of Space and Environment -Research project from the University of Cologne

The Kalahari Peoples Fund (KPF) "non-profit organization formed for the benefit of the San (Bushmen, Basarwa) and other rural peoples of the Kalahari desert region of southern Africa"

The Kamanakao Association "non-governmental organization with the basic objective of maintaining and developing the remnants of the language and culture of the Wayeyi people of northern Botswana... In Shiyeyi, Kamanakao means "remnants."

Okavango Delta Peoples of Botswana by John Bock, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University. On  Bugakwe, Dxeriku, Hambukushu, Wayeyi, and Xanekwe Peoples. Includes many links.


Okyeame is a Ghana mailing list at:

Okri, Ben (Nigerian British writer)

Contemporary Writers - Ben Okri

Onitsha Market Literature

Onitsha Market Literature (University of Kansas) full text of 21 pamphlets (as of March 2008) of a collection of 121 Nigerian Onitsha pamphelts; essay; bibliography


Onitsha Market Literature (Indiana University Library) secondary sources, inclusing links.


Oral Tradition--Africa

[Epic of Son-Jara]. Djibril Tamsir Niane, Soundjata ou l'épopée mandingue Paris. Présence africaine 1965. [full-text of some chapters]

Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa


Organization of African Unity (OAU)--History

Creation of the OAU "Site devoted to the creation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)"

Orientation Africa 
'The Orientation group of search engines believe that the commonly used search engines in the North have underestimated how important it is to have regional portal services in emerging Internet markets, as accurate and as developed as their American counterparts.'

Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)

Oromia Online . "information on the social, political and economic aspects of Oromia and the Horn of Africa"

Oromo (African people) of Ethiopia  (1997-8 reports)

Oromo Language

Oromo thesaurus

Oromo-net on Oromo studies is at:

Réseau Intertropical d'Ordinateur, includes:

Le programme RIO de l'Orstom 
Le programme Internet en Afrique 
L'Initiative Diderot 
Système d'Information sur la Désertification du Sénégal 
Laboratoire d'Electronique et du Traitement du Signal (LETS- Yaoundé- Cameroun) 
La Revue Noire By Luc Zio. About Burkina Faso, includes Photos, Videos, Reviews and soem stattsticis (in PDF).


[Overcoming Apartheid] South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid, Building Democracy for high school/undergraduate students; video interviews with 45 South African activists, 140 topical interviews; original narratives/essays, raw video footage of resistance/repression, historical documents, rare photographs, and educational activities. Launced 2008. Preview video: (

Overseas development Institute (ODI) ODI's Africa Portal The Structure of ODI's Africa Portal reflects the Chapter Headings of the Africa Commission Report 1 Governance and Capacity Building 2 Peace and Security 3 Investing in People 4 Growth and Poverty Reduction 5 Trade 6 Resources 7 Making it happen





PAC (Pan Africanist Congress of Azania)---see Pan Africanist Congress of Azania below


Painters--South Africa

Michael Godby, University of Cape Town 'Some little bit of effective representation': photography and painting on the South West Africa expedition of James Chapman and Thomas Baines, 1861-62' conference paper, 1999

Pan African Development Information Systems Newsletter

Pan African News Agency

Pan-African Political and Organizational Information: includes many papers on Africa and the diaspora

Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) Home Page


Fort Hare, University of, Archives at the National Heritage Cultural Studies Centre

History [Official]

Pan-Africanist Congress of Azania (ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA article),5716,59651+1,00.html


PANA News/Pan African News Agency

[ Top]

PANOS "works ... to bring about change to more sustainable patterns of development. On this page you will find articles and updates on any number of development issues from around the world, encompassing science, economics politics and social issues."


Alan Paton Centre

"Alan Stewart Paton ... world-renowned author of Cry, the beloved country, as well as an educationist, politician and humanitarian. Partly museum, partly archive, the Alan Paton Centre, opened in April 1989, aims to promote the struggle for improved human relations..." Website include data on oral history collection and archives.

Partners in African Publishing

The Alan Paton Centre and Struggle Archives therefore holds not only Alan Paton's literary works and related documents and manuscripts, but also papers pertaining to the Liberal Party and other institutions and organisations who contributed to the struggle

Peace studies--Africa


Africa Peace and Conflict Network. "APCN is a non-exclusive association of scholars, professionals, and activists dedicated to constructive change and peace-building in the African World. Selected examples of APCN activities include producing public educational events, sponsoring research, facilitating knowledge sharing and dissemination, skills training, and mentorship of aspiring and practicing peacebuilders." Includes publicatoions, video,


Peace Link for Africa: includes news and views in English and Italian. Subscribe at

People's United Democratic Movement (PUDEMO) of Swaziland 

political documents, news, details of PUDEMO, and links, including Swazi and South African newspapers, government sources, and Swazi-related sites.

Performance, African

African Performance Clearinghouse at the University of Wisconsin-Madison

includes (among others): 

National Song and Dance Company of Mozambique

Les Guirettes

Sing Sing Rhythms of Senegal

The Wofa Group, Guinea

The Periplus  of the Erythrean Sea

'Written by a Greek resident of Alexandria in Egypt during the first century BCE, this text is  one of the oldest surviving accounts of the countries on Africa's east coast. A map gives some  idea of the size and scope of Africa and of the author's journey.'

Peul (African people) see Fula (African people) 

Pfister, Roger see Internet for Africanists 


AFRI-PHIL a discussion list for topics related to the philosophy of African society and history, its current issues and future directions. 

African Indigenous Knowledge Systems:

African Philosophy Resources [an excellent site by Bruce Janz]

"African philosophy" by K. ANTHONY APPIAH (Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Bernal, Martin.

The Black Athena Debate includes: Ancient Models of Thought (by Wim van Binsbergen) Afrocentricity and the Black Athena Debate (by Wim van Binsbergen) Black Athena Home Page An Interview with Martin Bernal ; Black Athena Revisited Mary R. Lefkowitz on Not Out of Africa M. R. Lefkowitz Responds to M. Bernal The Case Against Martin Bernal (by David Gress) ; Black Athena and the Fabrication of the Rethorical Tradition (by James Arnt Aune) Geralyn S. Lederman on Jacques Berlinerbau's Heresy in the University: The "Black Athena" Controversy AUDIO FILE: Mary R. Lefkowitz and Maulana Karenga on Afrocentrism ; Review of "Black Athena I" by Orhan Kologlu Brown Athena: A Postprocessual Goddess? (by Bruce G. Trigger) African Athena? (by V. Y. Mudimbe) Review of "Black Athena I" by Cyrus Gordon

J Maybee's African Philosophy Page [another very useful site]

van Binsbergen, Wim M.J. home page



African Philosophy Resources Bibliographies A short list of bibliographies

African philosophy K. ANTHONY APPIAH Bibliography short list of 4 books from Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy



African Philosophy [journal] A leading scholarly journal: subscription-only.

Journal on African Philosophy also known as African Philosophy[full-text] is an "electronic journal sponsored by the International Society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) and published by Africa Resource Center, Inc. The Society was founded in 1995".

Philosophia Africana (formerly African Philosophy)

Philosophical Papers (journal published by Departments of Philosophy of Rhodes University and the University of the Witwatersrand)

Quest. An African Journal of Philosophy, full-text online.

Theoria Based in South Africa, Theoria is an engaged, multidisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal of social and political theory.


Africa Focus: Sights and Sounds of a Continent 'contains digitized visual images and sounds of Africa contributed over the years to the African Studies Program of the University of Wisconsin-Madison... digital representations of more than 3000 slides, 500 photographs, and 50 hours of sound from forty-five different countries'

PHOTOGRAPHS OF MISSIONS IN PRE-WORLD WAR I AFRICA (The Billy Graham Center Archives) IMAGES OF COLONIAL AFRICA( black  and white photographs taken or gathered by Laura Collins, a missionary  working in East Africa in the early 1900s)

Photography--Africa, Southern

'ENCOUNTERS WITH PHOTOGRAPHY: Photographing people in southern Africa, 1860 to 1999' Conference Cape Town, 14-17 July 1999


·         Rory Bester, At the edges of Apartheid's memory 

·         Jean Brundrit,and Jo Radcliffe, Speaking without words; photography as an agent in communication and self-representation 

·         Barbara Buntman, Whose identity do we see? Tourist Industry Photographs of southern African Khoisan

·         Joy Dladla, Capturing the Past

·         Elizabeth Edwards, and the Performance of History

·         James C Faris, Photographic Encounters: Leni Riefenstahl in Africa

·         Sally Gaule, Juxtaposing race: configurations of alterity in South African photography

·         Michael Godby, 'Some little bit of effective representation': photography and painting on the South West African expedition of James Chapman and Thomas Baines, 1861-2

·         Kathleen Grundlingh, Pictorialst approaches to Photographing people in South Africa 1906- 1958 

·         Patrick Harries, Terrible Truths; the rise and fall of photography as a scientific medium in the field of ethnography 

·         Patricia Hayes 'Blood on our eyes: Mandume's death (1917) in photographic context'

·         Peter James and Dr. Sue Wright 'Rethinking Representations, Revisiting Encounters: Photographs of South Africa by Sir Benjamin Stone and Vanley Burke'

·         Alan Kirkaldy  and Albert Wirz Picturing the Soul: Missionary encounters in the late 19th and early 20th century South Africa 

·         Gerald Klinghardt, 'The Photography of Georg Gustav Klinghardt in German South West Africa, 1896- 1915'

·         Jennifer Law, 'Photomantage and the new surrealism in South Africa'

·         James McArdle,'After Life; The Paradox of the Photographic Portrait'

·         Giorgio Miescher,"Popular pictorial constructions of Kaoko in the 20th century: Continuities and discontinuities."

·         Chris Morton, '‘Interesting and Picturesque’: Staging Encounters for the British Association in South Africa, 1905'

·         Gary Minkley and Ciraj Rassool, 'Photography with a difference? Leon Levson’s camera studies and photographic exhibitions of native life in South Africa, 1947-1950'

·         Margaret Waller 'Current Encounters: theory and practice'

·         Robert Papini, 'Censoring for the Zulu image'

·         Chris Pinney, 'Notes from the surface of the image: photography and postcolonialism'

·         Sam Radithalo 'Vanishing Cultures? Authority, Authorising,& Representation in South African Photography'

·         Neal Sobania, 'Stereoscopic Imagery in Support of a Colonial Project, South West Africa, 1905'

·         John A Stotesbury, 'Family Albums as Auto/biographical Narrative '

·         Hentie van der Merwe and Lisa Allan 'Picturing Health: the Photographed Male Body in the Archives of Hugh MacFarlane' 

·         Ann Wanless, 'Images of the Khoisan in the Archieve of Louis Fourie, 1919- 1927'

·         C. P. Webster, 'Africa Obscura: Representation, Identity and Control – Select Photographs from colonial Southern Africa.' 


Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho (South African political leader andwriter)




Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje

[interviews with Dr Brain Willan][need sound]

Was Plaatjie well developed and fluent in english

Why is Brain Willan from England interested in Sol Plaatjie?

Mhudi  (first South African novel in English by an African)

Gray, Stephen, critical review of Mhudi
by Sol T Plaatje, edited by Tim Couzens (Francolin, R33,95)

Johnson, David 'Literature of the Rainbow Nation: The Case of Sol Plaatje’s Mhudi' Journal of Literary Studies 10 3/4 1994 345-358. Summary

Native Life in South Africa by Plaatje [full text] with new introduction by Neil Parsons (first pub. 1916)

[Obituary in ] Umteteli wa Bantu August 6 1932

[photos] MOLEMA, S.T. and PLAATJE, S.T.: Chief Badirite Montsioa A979 Portraits ( Wits University Library)



Sol Plaatje: A Man for our Time 'A compelling video about the life of the remarkable Sol Plaatje'


Poetry--South African

If You Want to Know Me-Voices from SOMAFCO


L'Echo du Polisario

Political opinion--Africa

Afrobarometer A major site on democracy in Africa, with full-text papers and data. A cooperative project of the Centre for Democratic Development (Ghana), IDASA (South Africa) and Michigan State University, Dept. of Political Science ”All data will eventually be released via this website and other outlets .... But, to allow initial in-house analysis and publication, data will not be published in the two-year period following the first release of any survey's results.” Data from Round one available from 1 April 2004.

Data: To access Afrobarometer survey data that are now available to the public, click here.

Working Papers

Briefing papers


Political parties--Africa--History--Sources

Commonwealth Political Party, Trade Union and Pressure Group Materials



AfriMAP "The Africa Governance, Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP) aims to monitor and promote compliance by African states with the requirements of good governance, democracy, human rights and the rule of law"


Afrobarometer A major site on democracy in Africa, with full-text papers and data. A cooperative project of the Centre for Democratic Development (Ghana), IDASA (South Africa) and Michigan State University, Dept. of Political Science ”All data will eventually be released via this website and other outlets .... But, to allow initial in-house analysis and publication, data will not be published in the two-year period following the first release of any survey's results.” Data from Round one available from 1 April 2004.

Data: To access Afrobarometer survey data that are now available to the public, click here.

Working Papers

Briefing papers

International Policies, African Realities An Electronic Roundtable hosted by the Africa Policy Information Center (APIC), in partnership with the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)  2000

Pollution--South Africa


Earthlife Africa Johannesburg branch

Environmental Monitoring Group

The Green Party of South Africa – also known as The Government by the People Green Party, South Africa http:

Groundwork includes reports

South African Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism

Wildlife & Environment Society of South Africa






African Population Database Documentation

Population Information Africa (POPIA) "an initiative led by the Sustainable Development Division (SDD) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) to establish an on-line space aimed at sharing and disseminating population and development-related information among African policy makers, planners and researchers.... You can find a collection of national, regional and international institutions dealing primarily with population and reproductive health issues in Africa, with links .... A comprehensive account of population information resources, such as publications, bibliographies, data and indicators, best practices, tools etc. is given as well":



Institut National de Santé Publique (INSP)

Ministry of Health and Population


Botswana Institute For Development Policy Analysis

Central Statistics Office

Council of NGO's (BOCONGO)

Ministry of Health

Population--Cape Vert

Instituto Nacional de Estatistica


Cairo Demographic Centre

Population in Egypt

Social Fund for Development


Demographic Training and Research Centre, University of Addis Ababa

Population information resources (UN)


Family Planning Association of Kenya


National Statistical Office of Malawi


Central Statistical Office


Statistics Directorate

Ministry of Health


National Statistics Institute Instituto Nacional de Estatística

UN System in Mozambique


Rwanda Development Trust


Tostan "Tostan, which means "breakthrough" in the language of the Wolof of Senegal and the Gambia, is a non-profit and non-governmental organization incorporated in the United States in 1991 and based in Thiès, Senegal. Tostan is an international, non-governmental organization based in Senegal, West Africa. Tostan empowers African communities to take charge of their own development."


UNFPA country programme

Population--Sierra Leone

UN Mission in Sierra Leone UNAMSIL

Population--South Africa

African Gender Institute

Central Statistical Service

Centre for Population Studies - CENOPS (University of Pretoria)

Planned Parenthood Association of South Africa

Reproductive Rights Alliance "The Reproductive Rights Alliance was formed in response to increasing demands in our country for overt, organised support for reproductive rights and comprehensive reproductive health care services. We are a network of organisations and structures, representing a wide variety of South Africans, committed to creating and promoting a liberalised, safe and legal framework for reproductive health and well-being. "


Centre for Reproductive Health, Family Planning and the Eradication of Harmful Traditional Practices, The Ahfad University for Women


Population and Development Website

Tanzania Gender Networking Programme


National Statistics Institute



Blair Research Institute

Centre for Population Studies, University of Zimbabwe


Portuguese-- Africa

Angola and Mozambique: the weight of history (Working Paper, 1998) by 
Patrick Chabal, King's College London

Apocalypse Now? A post-colonial journey into Africa' 1997 by  Patrick Chabal, King's College London

'Nationalism and ethnicities: lessons from Mozambique' Michel Cahen, Universite Bordeaux

Portuguese warfare in Africa by Malyn Newitt London

Post (Zambian newpspaper)


African posters. "The Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies at Northwestern University maintains a comprehensive collection of posters published in Africa and elsewhere. The posters provide a unique resource to carry on research in a broad range of disciplines by consulting the visual image created by governments (independent and colonial) and international agencies, as well as political, labor, social, religious, educational and cultural organizations. On this web site, 366 posters, selected as a representative sampling of the collection, are available for searching and viewing."

A Luta Continua: African Liberation Movement Posters from the Collection of David H. Anthony.


African Posters (Indiana University). "As one of three institutions holding the largest Somali collections in the world, Indiana University has made a commitment to preserving and providing access to these materials many of which came to the university from the collections of the noted scholar of Somali language and culture, B. W. Andrzejewski. Most of the posters which appear at this site were deposited at Indiana University between 1979 and 1981 ... The original posters are housed in the African Studies Ephemera Collection in the Main Library at IU."

Posters--South Africa


African National Congress posters. Site from Institute of Commonwealth Studies (ICS)


POSTCOLONIAL an electronic forum for discussion and experimentation rooted in postcolonial literature, film, or theory. POSTCOLONIAL is an open list - all interested parties are invited and encouraged to participate.

Postcolonial African Literature [see also 'LITERATURE']

African Postcolonial Literature in English

[Articles from Span: Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth Literature &
Language Studies ]

Jenny de Reuck & John de Reuck, 'The referendum in South Africa: a triumph of the spirit?' SPAN 33 (1992)

Garry Gillard, 'Narrative situation and ideology in five novels of Ayi Kwei Armah' SPAN 33 (1992)

Cynthia van den Driesen, 'Doughty Slave-girls & slavish career-girls:representations of the West African (Ibo) female in selected works of Emecheta & Achebe' SPAN 36 (1993)

Elizabeth Lawson, 'Not either an Experimental Doll: the Making of the South African Heroine SPAN 36 (1993)

Michelle Vizzard,"Of Mimicry & Woman": hysteria & anticolonial feminism in Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions' SPAN 36 (1993)

Garry Gillard, 'Postcolonialism / Space / Postmodernism: Ayi Kwei Armah'

Stephen Finn, 'Transcolonial Metapoetry in South Africa' SPAN 36 (1993)

Paul Rich, 'Literature & Political Revolt in South Africa: the Cape Town crisis of 1984-86 in the novels of J.M. Coetzee, Richard Rive and Menan DePlessis' SPAN 36 (1993)

Norman Cary, 'Achebe's Novels & Their Religious Context: Missiological and Fictional Discourse' SPAN 36 (1993)

Sue Kossew '"Women's Words":a Reading of J.M. Coetzee's Women Narrators' SPAN 37 (1993)

Hugh Webb, Passionate Spaces: African Literature and the Post-Colonial Context ( full-text book) 'This study of black African writings in the period 1956 to 1975 is a contribution to the developing field of postcolonial cultural debate.'

Postcolonial African Literature--Bibliography

Colonial literature: A Selected Bibliography of Secondary Materials

Colonialism and Postcolonialism: Selected Bibliography

Postcolonial African Literature--Journals

SOAS Literary Review, 1, November 1999 [ONLINE REVIEW]



Casimir Zagourski Postcard Collection (Yale University Library) , "200 postcards made from photographs taken by Casimir Zagourski in Africa between 1924 and 1941, ... set in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly known as the Belgian Congo), Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Chad, Kenya, Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Congo-Brazzaville".

UNESCO's Electronic Postcard Service. A selection of historical postcards (1890-1930) from Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Zambia.


Northwestern University. Melville Herskovits Library, Posters on Southern Africa politics.


Observatorio de Pobreza=Poverty Observatory (Government of Mozambique). State budget, Economic and Social Plan, civil society groups, research publications.


Poverty--Southern Africa


Southern Africa Poverty Reduction Network (Includes numerous articles,for example:

What happened to the distribution of income in South Africa between 1995 and 2001? Charles Simkins
Half measures: the ANC's unemployment and poverty reduction goals Charles Meth, University of KwaZulu-Natal

Prehistory--Africa (see also Archaeology)

The Early Prehistory of Modern People in Africa (Notes for course H201: Africa to 1800 [by Neil Parsons Oct. 1998] (University of Botswana History Department)


Présence Africaine (journal)

Présence francophone  (journal)

PRODDER (Programme for Development Research), a development information medium which collects and disseminates information on Southern African development issues. E-mail:

Prophets, African

[review of]  Robert R. Edgar and Hilary Sapire. African Apocalypse: The Story of Nontetha Nkwenkwe, a Twentieth-Century South African Prophet.

Proverbs, African

Contes , Légendes et Proverbes Africains


Public Administration--South Africa


South African Association of Public Administration and Management (SAAPAM)

Public opinion--Africa

Afrobarometer Survey of African political attitudes by the Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA)Centre for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana),and Michigan State University, Department of Political Science All data will eventually be released via this website and other outlets, along with relevant codebooks. But, to allow initial in-house analysis and publication, data will not be published in the two-year period following the first release of any survey's results.”

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