An A-Z of African Studies on the Internet 

Part T-Z1 T

Back to: A-Z of African Studies by Peter Limb and Ibra Sene.


Tables of Contents of African Studies journals 


African Journals OnLine AJOL online access to African journals AJOL offers the tables of content and abstracts from journals published in Africa on:

H-Africa Service includes rtegular "articles in non-Africnaist journals"


Tamarin: Art and Africa on line.

Tamazight (African language of Amazigh ("Berber") peoples)


Tamazgha: web site of Amazigh Cultural Association in America . "To read the text in Tamazight, please download Tamazight Fonts" The ACAA "is a non-profit organization ... organized and operated exclusively for cultural, educational, and scientific purposes to contribute to saving, promoting, and enriching the Amazigh (Berber) language and culture." Includes Amazigh Voice, The Amazigh Voice=Taghect Tamazight The Newsletter of the Amazigh Cultural Association in America, archives, etc.

Tawalt "Non-profit Libyan Amazigh cultural foundation. The main focus of Tawalt is the introduction, preservation and teaching of the Tamazight language and culture. Although the main focus of our work is within what concerns the Amazigh in Libya, we will include the rest of the Tamazgh (North Africa) in our research & studies" by Madi Mohammed. Includes articles, and brief dictionary.


Tambo, Oliver. "The Tambo Page. Portrait of Oliver Tambo ANC President 1967—1991 Selected Articles, Papers, Speeches, Statements and Other Documents - 1960-1993 Compiled by E S Reddy.



TanzaNET is an Internet Service Provider based in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.



National multi-sec toral strategic framework on HIV/AIDS, 2003 - 2007 Report - 1/1/2003 - English - Check for other languages Tanzania Prime Minister's Office, Tanzania Commission For HIV/AIDS.




The Sukuma Museum. The Sukuma of Western Tanzania live to the east and south of Lake Victoria. The Sukuma Museum is a community-based organization that promotes and celebrates the traditional and contemporary arts.

Tanzania Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (TANGO) "is the largest and longest standing national umbrella organization serving the Tanzanian NGO community".



Economic and Social Research Foundation "established in 1994 as an independent, not-for-profit institution for research and policy analysis. The formation of ESRF was based on the assumption that there was need and demand for an improved understanding of policy options and development management issues, and that the capacity for this was lacking in the Tanzania civil service. " Includes research, publications (News Letter Policy Dialogues Discussion Papers in PDF), links.

Tanzania Online Information Center ("a gateway to information on development issues in Tanzania") Includes NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, a "database of articles (clips) with information on development issues about Tanzania, from all major Newspapers, magazines and periodicals".

Tanzania--Economic Conditions 


Bank of Tanzania. Includes: Financial Markets, Payment System, Publications and Statistics, Banking Operations, Press Releasees.




Tanzania Gender Networking Programme includes data, seminars, publications




The United Republic of Tanzania (official site)

Tanzania--History--Oral sources


Research by Dr Justin Willis in Bondei in north-eastern Tanzania, with an emphasis on concepts of ethnicity  and identity. 'The Bondei study is already prepared as a monograph, while several aspects of Dr Willis' research have appeared as articles in Azania and other journals' [full-text]

Tanzania--Home Pages



Tanzania Human Resource Development Survey.World Bank. survey covered 5,184 households

Tanzania--Human Rights


Amnesty International Tanzania



[articles by Blommaert


Jan Blommaert  'Language and nationalism : Comparing Flanders and Tanzania.'
Nations and Nationalism 2/2 (1996), 235-256

Jan Blommaert  Ideology and language in Tanzania: A brief survey. in Robert K. Herbert (ed.) African linguistics at the crossroads. 
Papers from Kwaluseni: 501-510. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe

Jan Blommaert, STATE IDEOLOGY AND LANGUAGE: the politics of Swahili in Tanzania. 
Published as LICCA Papers nr. 3 (1997). Duisburg: Gerhard-Mercator University

Jan Blommaert The impact of state ideology on language: Ujamaa and Swahili literature in Tanzania.  In: B. Smieja & M. Tasch (eds.) (1997) Human contact through language and linguistics (in honour of René Dirven):  253-270. Frankfurt: Peter Lang

The languages of Tanzania: a web link collection

The languages of Tanzania, according to SIL's Ethnologue.

"The 'Languages of Tanzania' project: background, resources and perspectives" by Karsten Legère (2002). From: Africa & Asia (Göteborg working papers on Asian and African languages and literatures), no 2, pp 163-186. (PDF 58 kb)

Tanzanian Language Survey (Nurse & Philippson 1975) wordlists for Tanzanian languages.




Tanzania Online Information Center ("a gateway to information on development issues in Tanzania") Includes NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, a "database of articles (clips) with information on development issues about Tanzania, from all major Newspapers, magazines and periodicals".



Africa Online - Tanzania News

Arusha Times (online)

Business Times - Tanzania

Current Tanzania News

Daily News - Tanzania

East African (‘on the web’ : published in Nairobi, but some Tanzanian coverage)

The Express (Online) -- Dar es Salaam:, 1997- Weekly.

Nyenzi Newspaper Roundup (Dar es Salaam)

Rockers (popular magazine)

 Swahili News



2002 Census

Census database



Webiste featuring Major printers and publishers in Tanzania




Tanzania Information
'Die Tansania-Information erscheint monatlich und besteht aus zehn Schreibmaschinenseiten. Ihre Quellen sind vor allem die beiden Tageszeitungen „Daily News“ mit der Wochenendausgabe „Sunday News“ und „The Guardian“ mit der Wochenendausgabe „Sunday Observer“. Die beiden zweimal im Monat erscheinenden Zeitungen „Business Times“ und „The East African“ sowie „The Express“, „Financial Times“ u.a. dienen ebenfalls als Quelle.'


Tanzania Yellow Pages

Tanzanian Tourist Board



United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD)



'Colonialism and Africa's Technology' by Gloria Emeagwali [brief comments]



Issues on African Economy, and Telematics

see also


Network Startup Resource Center. AFRICA Regional Reports and Other Interesting Information

[Tervuren, Museum]

Royal Museum for Central Africa in Tervuren, Belgium. Includes details of research and collections.






Guide du Théâtre en Afrique  et dans l'Océan indien (L'Institut National de l'Audiovisuel, Paris)

Thesaurus Linguae Aethiopicae


the following texts are under preparation: 

the Axumite inscriptions 
new editions of Imperial songs in old Amharic 
the chronicle of Zär'a-Ya'qob 
the Ser'atä mängest and related texts 
the Haymanotä abaw (a history of the Ethiopian Church, in amharic)


Theses/dissertations (African)


[extensive list]

[BOTSWANA] University of Botswana. Department of History  "Subject index and checklist of history and archaeology dissertations and research essays submitted at the University of Botswana, 1976-1998"

[Burkina Faso]
l'Université polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) Mémoires et thèses de

Canadian Master's Theses and Doctoral Dissertations on Africa, 1905 - 1993  Compiled by / Compilé par: José C. Curto & Raymond R. Gervais  

Centre d'étude d'afrique noire, Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux  Soutenance de thèse Liste des thèses soutenues depuis1987 (search under "Doctorants")

Clio en Afrique  (theses on African from French universities)  


Darenet (The Netherlands) largely fulltext publications from Dutch universities and scientific institutes (incluing some 15.000 doctoral theses). Includes theses on Africa.

DATAD Association of African Universities Database of African Theses and Dissertations. Largely a database, by subscription.

'Database of African Theses and Dissertations: Report of a Feasibility Study ' (Feb. 1999) by Lisbeth Levey (The Project for Information Access and Connectivity)

H-Africa has some abstracts

[KENYA]  Kenyan Resources Database

[KENYA] " Union List of Theses and Dissertations held by Universities and Research Institutions in Kenya "


Memoire Online
<>In French.Memoires at African and French universities.


[Madagascar] Portail malgache des Thèses et Mémoires Electroniques


[NAMIBIA] National Archives of Namibia - NATHES  (database holding theses on Namibia or submitted by Namibians."
Central Register of Theses on Namibia (1999)

Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD)

Presses Universitaires du Septentrion ( theses on Africa from French universites)

Rhodes eResearch Reposit

[SENEGAL] L'Universite Cheikh Anta Diop Theses:

Thèses et mémoires (some full-text)

[SOUTH AFRICA]  NISC's Biblioline - Index to South African Theses and Dissertations

UMI Online Dissertation Services

Universite Paris VII - Laboratoire Societes en Developpement dans l'Espace et dans le Temps (SEDET) ( list of theses)  

University of Florida Africa-Related Dissertations and Theses

University of Leiden

Lund University Dissertation Abstracts

University of Johannesburg (was RAU) Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Database (ETD-db)

University of Mumbai. Centre for African Studies.  Dissertations

University of Natal. Graduate Program in Cultural & Media Studies (Durban) 
full text of some masters and honours theses

University of Oslo Theses

University of Pretoria (UpeTD) open access e-theses. [FULL-TEXT]

University of South Africa ETD: full-text theses from 2004- [now ONLY available to Unisa students]

University of the Free State ETDS collection

University of the Western Cape

University of the Witwatersrand (ETD [now ONLY available to Wits]

Yale University. African Collection



Anthropology: UK Social Anthropology Thesis data


HISTORICAL RESEARCH FOR HIGHER DEGREES IN THE UK. History Theses in Progress or completed at U.K. universities. (includes sections on Africa)


The Thinker [South African political magazine]

Tigre home page

Tigrinya version of Against All Odds conference:

Timbuktu (Mali)


"Ancient Manuscripts from the Desert Libraries of Timbuktu" Library of Congress Exhibition. "The manuscripts on view are from the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library and the Library of Cheick Zayni Baye of Boujbeha, two of the most noteworthy institutions in the Timbuktu area. " Images of manuscripts.

Bibliographies Timbuktu: a bibliography, John O. Hunwick (115-129) full-text in Sudanic Africa Volume 12, 2001


l'Insitut des Hautes Etudes et de la Recherche Islamique - Ahmed Baba de Tombouctou [video] Discours (en arabe) sur le catalogage des manuscrits arabes de Mohamed Maghraoui, Departement d'Historie, Université Mohamed V-Soussi, Rabat Avril 2005 Presentation (in Arabic) at the Ahmed Baba Institute of Timbuktu on cataloging of arabic manuscripts by Mohamed Maghraoui, History Department, Unversity Mohamed V - Soussi, Rabat


Studies in Ta'rikh al-fattash, III: Ka'ti Origins, John O. Hunwick (111-114) full-text in Sudanic Africa Volume 12, 2001

Timbuktu (Unesco)

Tombouctou, (Ministère de la Culture et du Tourisme du Mali)


TIRRA-L. A Mailing list devoted to the discussion of the literatures of the Maghreb in the languages in which they are produced (Arabic, French, Arabic, Tamazight, Spanish) and their translation. Tirra means writing in Tamazight (Berber). To subscribe send an e-mail to


Togo--History, Economic


Marguerat, Yves, Lomé, un siecle d'images, 1884-1990  (Lomé : Presses de l'Universite du Benin, 1993-6)

Togo--Home pages 


Friends of Togo

Friends of Togo Newsletter (Washington)

Republic of Togo official home page

Togo Page



Patrick Wurster's home page

Touré, Ahmed Sékou 


Ahmed Sékou Touré, 1922-1984 (Parti Démocratique de Guinée)

Ibrahima Baba KAKE
Sékou Touré. Le Héros et le Tyran
Paris, 1987, JA Presses. Collection Jeune Afrique Livres.  254 p

Phineas Malinga 'Ahmed Sékou Touré: An African Tragedy' in African Communist. 1985 N° 100, pp. 56-64

[speeches] Prélude au Référendum de 1958
Visite du  Conakry le 25 Août 1958: Discours de Sékou Touré, Vice-président du Conseil de Gouvernement Député-maire de Conakry

Tourism--South Africa


Barbara Buntman (University of the Witwatersrand) 'Whose identity do we see? Tourist Industry Photographs of southern African Khoisan' conference paper




Trade Agreements

» The new ACP-EU Agreement
» The Cotonou Agreement, 2000 [replaces the Lomé Convention]
» Implementing the New ACP-EU Partnership Agreement
» Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) [other]
» Guide to the United States Generalized System of Preferences (USTR)
» African Growth and Opportunity Act, 2000 [AGOA site]
» Trade and Development Act of 2000 [other]
» What Future for Lomé's Commodity Protocols?
» File on the new ACP-EU Agreement
» The new ACP-EU agreement- an assessment and recommendations for implementation
» Eurforic International Cooperation



Regional Trade Analytical Agenda (RTAA) Web Site

Trade--Africa-United States





Trade Law Centre for Southern Africa (TRALAC) Includes full-text publications, includsing government laws


Trade--South Africa


Department of Trade and Industry (South Africa)



Trade Unions (Labour Unions)

Trade Unions--Africa


'The changing face of trade unionism in Africa' by Debra Percival 
Full text of an article from The Courier ACP-E No. 156, March-April 1996: pages 76 - 77

ICFTU - AFRO: The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions - African Regional Organisation


ICFTU report on Africa Free Trade Zones (14 July 1998)

ILO activities in Africa: 1994-99 Report of the Director-General, International Labour Office Geneva, Ninth African Regional Meeting Abidjan  December 1999
(appendices, including trade union membership statistics)

'Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions  Solidarity Work in Africa'  by Terje Kalheim Internet Journal of African Studies No. 1, April 1996

Trade Unions--Africa--History--Archives


Friedland (William H.) Collection (on Tanzanian trade-unions). Lubeck (Paul) Papers (trade unions in Africa, esp. 1960s) in HOOVER Institution Archives

Trade Unions--Africa--Human rights violations of


'Africa: freedom in a climate of suspicion' By Luc Demaret (ICFTU)

Annual Survey of Violations of  trade union rights..Africa

United States. Department of State. Human Rights Reports. 1993-1998

Trade Unions--Africa--Membership


ILO activities in Africa: 1994-99 Report of the Director-General, International Labour Office Geneva, Ninth African Regional Meeting Abidjan  December 1999 (appendices, including union membership statistics)

Trade Unions--Mauritius 


Labor Anger In Mauritian Workers Unions By ICFTU OnLine. 9 November, 1996

Overseas Telecommunications Services Employees Association (OTSEA) - Mauritius

Trade unions--Mozambique 


Organizacao dos Trabalhadores de Mocambique (OTM)  Mozambique, email :

Trade unions--South Africa 


Centre for Democratic Communications

COSATU (Congress of South African Trade Union)

Daily Labour News from South Africa, a service provided to COSATU by 
LabourStart, a project of Labour and Society International.

NALEDI (National Labour & Economic Development Institute)

National, Education, Hdealth and Allied Workers Union (NEHAWU)

National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUM)

National Union of Mineworkers (South Africa) (NUMSA):

NUMSA News is at

SANGONET - Labour and Economy

South African Labour News & Information

South African Municipal Workers Union (SAMWU) , includes Documents and Resolutions and its journal, Workers' News'

Trade unions--South Africa--Directories


list of unions affiliated to COSATU at

Union Directory (all unions affiliated toCOSATU and NACTU).

Trade unions--South Africa--History

Garment Workers in Action by E.S. ("Solly") Sachs, e-book, originally published 1956

Kadalie, Clements, (1896 - 1951), "Champion of the African Workers" - Donal Brody

Limb, Peter, " Alliance Strengthened or Diminished? Relationships between Labour & African 
Nationalist/Liberation Movements in Southern Africa"  Full text. paper from conference on "The Dynamics of Change in Southern Africa," University of Melbourne 18-20 May 1992

Trade Unions--Southern Africa--History


Limb, Peter, " Alliance Strengthened or Diminished? Relationships between Labour & African  Nationalist/Liberation Movements in Southern Africa"  paper from conference on "The Dynamics of Change in Southern Africa," University of Melbourne May 1992

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Trade Unions--Swaziland


Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions

Trade Unions--Tanzania--History--Archives

Friedland (William H.) Collection (on Tanzanian trade-unions) in HOOVER Institution Archives


Traditional leaders--South Africa


National House of Traditional Leaders (official page)

The Transatlantic Slave Trade This impressive new website on the slave trade is an enlarged and revised edition of the Cambridge 1998 CD-ROM dataset. Features include: "Search the Voyages Database Look for particular voyages in this database of documented slaving expeditions. Create listings, tables, charts, and maps using information from the database. Examine Estimates of the Slave Trade Slaves on documented voyages represent four-fifths of the number who were actually transported. Use the interactive estimates page to analyze the full volume and multiple routes of the slave trade. Explore the African Names Database This database identifies over 67,000 Africans aboard slave ships, using name, age, gender, origin, and place of embarkation. Special features Introductory Maps ; Timeline and Chronology..." 08/08


Transformation: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa (Durban: a quarterly South African journal on current social, political and economic issues in Southern Africa)

journal home page, with many back issues in full-text up to 1995 (open access)

African e-Journals Project: 1986-2003 full text PDFs (open access)

current issues (subscribers only); Project Muse


Transition full-text back issues via JSTOR for year 1961-99 (plus links to recent content 2000-2001)



Paul Dunn “De geloofwaardigste berigten omtrent de Hollandsche Afrikanen en hunne republiek: Jacobus Stuart se representasie van die Transvaalse geskiedenis en sy emigrasieplan" Tydskrif vir Nederlands & Afrikaans 8ste Jaargang Nr. 1 Junie 2001 full text. Abstract in English: "Although Jacobus Stuart’s plan to establish a Dutch settlement in the Lydenburg district did not succeed, it gave rise to the publication of his book about the history of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (Transvaal) and its inhabitants..."




THE JOURNAL OF AFRICAN TRAVEL-WRITING seeks scholarly articles, true narratives, reviews, and other literary artifacts related to past and contemporary African travel . Incluides full-text. e-mail:


Treatment Action Campaign (South Africa) "The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) was launched on 10 December 1998, International Human Rights Day. Its main objective is to campaign for greater access to treatment for all South Africans, by raising public awareness and understanding about issues surrounding the availability, affordability and use of HIV treatments. TAC campaigns against the view that AIDS is a ‘death sentence’" Includes documents (newsletters, reports,etc), links, etc.


Trees--West Africa


Blench, Roger. 'Trees on the march: evidence for the movement of trees in the prehistory of West-Central Africa.' Paper presented at the SAFA Conference, Cambridge, July 2000.


Trotskyism--South Africa--History 


[documents and articles] include:

GENERAL STRIKE OF 1922 by Baruch Hirson

Materials by Baruch Hirson
1. The General Strike Of 1922
2. Lies In The Life Of 'Comrade Bill’
3. Tribute from Spark (organ of Workers Party of South Africa) on death of S. P. Bunting
4. Communalism & Socialism In Africa: The Misdirection of C.L.R . James
5. A Short History Of The Non-European Unity Movement. - An Insider's View
6. The Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC) Conference - 1959. from Searchlight South Africa, includes three documents on PAC
7. Inside Quadro - An Account of ANC's Infamous Concentration Camp For Leftist Dissidents
8. A Critical Discussion - South Africa: Ten Years Of The Stay-At-Home, Socialist League of Africa
9. South Africa: Once Again On The Stay-At-Home, Socialist League of Africa

Searchlight South Africa - edited B Hirson tables of contents V 1 No.1 1988-V 3 No.12 June 1995 

Joe Rassool 'Notes on the history of the Non-European Unity Movement in South Africa, and the role of Hosea Jaffe.'

Two letters from the South African Trotskyists on the "Lee Affair" 1938-9 

Revolutionary History Vol.4, No.4, Spring 1993), Vol 4 No 4, Spring 1993"Colour and Class" ; The origins of South African Trotskyism contents only

Obituary of Baruch Hirson (1921-1999) 


The Trust for African Rock Art Homepage. "TARA, Trust for African Rock Art, aims at creating public awareness about the wide distribution and variety of rock paintings and engravings throughout Africa. The Trust aims to create an international awareness of the antiquity , splendour, and artistic eminence of this art and of its endangered situation. "

Truth and Reconciliation Commission (South Africa) 


Official website [archive: many full-text documents, but not comprehensive]

ReCONCILIATION NeT:  Net resources on South African and other reconciliation and transition processes. (Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation). Includes many full-text documents]

The (Secret) Truth Commission Files -  compiled by researcher Klaas de Jonge, 'reveals the leads that may prove the involvement of the apartheid government's intelligence structures and European secret services in several covert operations. home page inaccessble (2006), but see: The Samora Machel Case ; death of Swedish Prime Minister Olaf Palme - murder of ANC Paris representative Dulcie September ;S.A. Chemical Warfare program ; pro-apartheid groups in Belgium;


South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission Videotape Collection "features 84 episodes of news broadcasts assembled by journalist Max Du Preez, covering the history and activities of the Commission. The site features finding aids to the collection, summaries of each tape, and a short RealMedia presentation highlighting portions of several of the tapes."

"Traces of Truth" This excellent site has full-text documents from the TRC collection at Wits University, Johannesburg.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission. summaries of volumes 5-7 Final Report  (Nov. 1998)

or Internet Version Jutastat: by subscription


Truth and Reconciliation Commission [official home page]

'Struth: unofficial website of the TRC process (Former TRC Webmaster, Steve Crawford, fired for protesting the withdrawal of public material from the Website, set up an 'unofficial' TRC Website)



Tunisia--Foreign relations


Tunisia-Literature (Francophone) 


"An Introduction to the Francophone Literature of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia"



Tunisia--News and Newspapers. 


Assabah & Le Temps

La Presse & Essahafa

Tunisia Online News:

Tutu, Archbishop Desmond


Desmond Tutu's Nobel Prize acceptance speech, 1984


Tutuola, Amos (Nigerian author)


DAVID WHITTAKER, "Realms of Liminality: The Mythic Topography of Amos Tutuola's My Life in the Bush of Ghosts" in SOAS LITERARY REVIEW (3), Spring 2002. full-text


Tydskrif vir Nederlands & Afrikaans full text journal.




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