Public Policy/Laws


  1. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online: "clone" available at http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=24819&tocid=0
  2. Early scientific attempts at cloning. In WorldBook.com.
  3. I Wilmut, A E Schnieke, J McWhir, A J Kind, K H Campbell. Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells.Nature 385: 810-813, 1997
  4. J B Cibelli, S L Stice, P J Golueke, J J Kane, J Jerry, C Blackwell, F A Ponce de Leon, J M Robl. Cloned transgenic calves produced from nonquiescent fetal fibroblasts. Science 280: 1256-1258, 1998
  5. Y Kato, T Tani, Y Tsunoda. Cloning of calves from various somatic cell types of male and female adult, newborn, and fetal cows. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 120: 231-237, 2000
  6. T Wakayama, A C Perry, M Zuccotti, K R Johnson, R Yanagimachi. Full-term development of mice from enucleated oocytes injected with cumulus cell nuclei. Nature 394: 369-374, 1998
  7. A Ogura, K Inoue, K Takano, T Wakayama, R Yanagimachi. Birth of mice after nuclear transfer by electrofusion using tail tip cells. Molecular Reproduction and Development 57: 55-59, 2000
  8. I A Polejaeva, S H Chen, T D Vaught, R L Page, J Mullins, S Ball, Y Dai, J Boone, S Walker, D L Ayares, A Colman, K H Campbell. Cloned pigs produced by nulear transfer from adult somatic cells. Nature 407: 86-90, 2000 Sep 7
  9. A Onishi, M Iwamoto, T Akita, S Mikawa, K Takeda, T Awata, H Hanada, A C Perry. Pig cloning by microinjection of fetal fibroblast nuclei. Science 289: 1188-1190, 2000
  10. A Baguisi, E Behboodi, D T Melican, J S Pollock, M M Destrempes, C Cammuso, J L Williams, S D Nims, C A Porter, P Midura, M J Palacios, S L Ayres, R S Denniston, M L Hayes, C A Ziomek, H M Meade, R A Godke, W G Gavin, E W Overstrom, Y Echelard. Production of goats by somatic cell nuclear transfer. Nature Biotechnology 17: 456-461, 1999
  11. T. Shin, D. Kraemer, J. Pryor, L. Liu, J. Rugila, L. Howe, S. Buck, K. Murphy, L. Lyons, M. Westhusin. A cat cloned by nuclear transplantation. Nature 415: 859, 2002.
  12. P. Chesne, P.G. Adenot, C. Viglietta, M. Baratte, L. Boulanger, J-P. Renard. Cloned rabbits produced by nuclear transfer from adult somatic cells. Nature Biotechnology 20: 366-369, 2002.
  13. Galli, LaGutina, Crotti, Colleoni, Turini, Ponderato, Duchi and Lazzari. Pregnancy: A cloned foal born to its dam twin. Nature 424: 635, 2003.
  14. Zhou Q, Renard JP, Le Friec G, Brochard V, Beaujean N, Cherifi Y, Fraichard A, and Cozzi J. Generation of fertile cloned rats using controlled timing of oocyte activation. Science 302(5648): 1179, 2003. Epub 2003 Sep 25.
  15. Woods GL, White KL, Vanderwall DK, Li GP, Aston KI, Bunch TD, Meerdo LN, Pate BJ. A mule cloned from fetal cells by nuclear transfer. Science 301(5636): 1063, 2003. Epub 2003 May 29.
  16. See press release from Science Daily.