Lectures on Modern Balkan History
Many of the questions asked
about this Web site fall into certain groups. This FAQ may be helpful to readers,
since sometimes I cannot reply to email right away.
1. Q: Will there ever be
a "Lecture 26," to cover events after the mid-1990s?
- A: At one time, I considered adding a text about the Kosovo crisis, but Lecture 25 (on the civil war in Bosnia) already illustrates
how hard it is to write "history" in the absence of research sources in depth.
There are other other
sources about Kosovo, from writers with more time and access to research materials. In the summer of 2015, I did add another text (the Postlogue) in an attempt to put the Greek financial crisis into a Balkan historical context.
2. Q: How should these
lectures be cited in a footnote or bibliography?
- A: A variety of Web
sites offer advice about citing Web resources. There are also printed reference
guides, including Nancy Crane's Electronic Styles: A Handbook for
Citing Electronic Information (1996), and the newest edition of the Chicago
Manual of Style. Based on those sources, Lecture 1 could be cited this
way, as an example:
- Sowards, Steven
W. "Lecture No. 1: Geography and ethnic geography of the Balkans to 1500."
Twenty-Five Lectures on Modern Balkan History. 1996. Online. Available:
http://www.lib.msu.edu/sowards/balkan/lecture1.html. 5 January 2000.
3. Q: May a reader create
a hot link to this Web site, from his or her own Web page?
- A: The author has no
objection to links to these pages: the lectures were published on the Web
to make the contents widely available. Links should make it easy for readers
to find the URL for the original site. See the Conditions
of Use for more detail.
4. Q: Is it permitted to
quote from these Web pages?
- A: Yes, within limits.
This material is under copyright, just like any printed book or article.
use allows quotation within reasonable limits. There are numerous guides
to copyright on the Web: the MSU libraries provide a Web
page with tutorials about copyright.
5. Q: Is it permitted to
incorporate the text of one these Web pages in another Web site?
- A: Not without permission:
while you may create links to these pages, you may not copy the entire block
of source code. Readers should always be able to reach the main site: that
way, they can view the latest version of the material, including all corrections
and improvements. See the Conditions
of Use for more detail.
6. Q: If a reader sees
a typographical error, what can be done?
- A: When readers find
mistakes in the text, the author likes to fix them. Send me an email at email@example.com
describing the error and its location.
7. Q: If a reader believes
that statements in the lectures are biased or untrue, what can be done?
- A: Send me an email
at firstname.lastname@example.org. Many topics in Balkan
history are controversial, and I receive many comments from readers who disagree
with me about evidence or its interpretation. I may be able to explain my
point of view, even if I am not willing to change my position. I prefer not
to make large-scale changes in the text for reasons explained in the preface.
8. Q: Can the author recommend
- A: For historical topics,
I may be able to recommend some titles; for topics outside history, this is
less likely. I have added a bibliographic
the sources used in preparing these lectures in the early 1990s, but that
list doesn't include works published since that time. Don't forget to use
the resources of your local public or university library.
9. Q: Can the author answer
- A: I have a full-time
job as a reference librarian, so I don't have the time to research the answer
to very specific or very advanced questions: in many cases, I also may lack
expertise, language skills or access to resources. I recommend asking for
help at your local public or university library.
10. Q: Where can I find
genealogical information for a family with roots in the Balkans?
11. Q: Why does Topic 11
(The Coming of the Cold War) have only one lecture, when all the other topics
- A: When these lectures
were put together as a Fall semester college course, Topic 11 fell during Thanksgiving
week, so there wasn't enough time for the usual two lectures (one day
a week was used for discussion).
12. Q: Why is the topic
of (for example) Montenegro/Albania/the Roma/the role of women/the Byzantine
Empire/etc. ignored in the lectures, despite its importance for a complete knowledge
of Balkan history?
- A: The lectures are
intended to introduce and illustrate broad trends in Balkan historical development,
mainly since 1800. Like many historians I chose the theme of nationalist revolution
around which to organize and summarize events during a long period. Each topic
examines some specific cases that shed light on regional change, without attempting
to be comprehensive (a job that would require writing an encyclopedia, not
a course of lectures). For the same reason, coverage of each country is incomplete,
because only selected events in each nation's history could be included. It
remains my hope that interested readers will do more reading on their own,
and discover a great deal more for themselves.
This page is a portion
of a larger Web site, Twenty-Five Lectures on Modern Balkan History (The
Balkans in the Age of Nationalism); click here to return to the Table
of Contents page.
Steven W. Sowards
Michigan State University Libraries
366 W. Circle Drive
East Lansing MI 48824-1048 USA
[URLs on this site are being revised: there should be an automatic redirect
the old URL, which was http://www.lib.msu.edu/sowards/balkan/faq.html]
Page editor: Steven Sowards
Last updated: 9 February 2016
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